Abortion is Murder
Welcome everyone! Here is the game:
A new fetus contains all that is needed to become a fully functioning adult at conception and is no different from one who is born, other than the point of development he or she is actively experiencing. Studies continue to discover fresh evidence proving that babies exhibit responses to stimuli much earlier than believed by the general population. This includes babies’ responses to their mother, and responses to pain. A beating heart is also present despite the belief that it does not appear until near full development. If the above points are true, then abortion is murder, as much so as the murder of any other human being. Many believe that abortions are not immoral because they feel that the fetus is not alive or not considered a person. However, studies have shown that human life begins much earlier than birth. Many people see a fetus as just a lump of cells, but it is much more than that.
A fetus contains all that is needed to become a unique and fully functioning adult at conception. A new fetus is termed a “zygote,” and contains human DNA. DNA is a blueprint for everything from eye color to personality traits and “DNA contains the instructions needed for an organism to develop, survive and reproduce” (Deoxyribonucleic Acid (DNA) Fact Sheet, 2015. p. 4). Each zygote is an individualized blend of their parent’s DNA, creating a new and unique person at conception. This blending of DNA and the forty-six chromosomes, which make up each individual person, eliminates the idea that the fetus is merely another appendage of a woman’s body. As Lee (2004) said, “What makes it wrong to kill you or me now would also have been present in the killing of you or me when we existed as adolescents, as toddlers, as infants, but also when we existed as foetuses or embryos” (p. 250). As the zygote develops into a fetus, it begins to express these individual features, responses to stimuli, and preferences, just as any other human being.
Despite the popular belief that a fetus’ heartbeat develops far later in the pregnancy; the facts show otherwise, and it is accepted that, “the heart begins to beat by the 25th day of development” (Balaban & Bobick, 2008. p. 318). In some cases, heartbeats can be seen on a sonogram as early as three weeks gestation. Many states, in fact, require that a mother hears the heartbeat of their child before receiving an abortion. In Minnesota, a pamphlet is provided, in accordance to the Women’s Right to Know Act, to all mothers contemplating abortion, which explains that the physician will be providing a means of pain relief for the unborn child (Minnesota Department of Health, 2015. p. 9). A variety of studies throughout the years have been published, which show that a fetus responds to stimuli earlier than previously thought, in fact, in a recent study researchers confirmed such a conclusion (Marx & Nagy, 2015. p. 4). Babies can also be seen smiling in reaction to their mother’s voice as early as seventeen weeks gestation. The idea that a fetus can be aborted because it is perceived as an unresponsive blob of tissue is refuted by these studies, which show that life begins before birth.
If the above points are true, and a fetus is more than just an unresponsive blob of tissue, than abortion is undoubtedly murder. Murder is defined as, “the unlawful premeditated killing of one human being by another” (Oxford dictionaries, 2016. p. 1). The act of abortion would be premeditated killing of that fetus as a mother contemplates, plans, and prepares for her abortion. The Unborn Victims of Violence Act places unborn children with the same value as any other human being, in fact, section 1841 states that any attempt to kill a fetus will be punished in the same manner as attempting to kill an already-born human being (Unborn Victims of Violence Act of 2004, 2004). Furthermore, in defining “unborn child,” the law states, ‘‘As used in this section, the term ‘unborn child’ means a child in utero, and the term ‘child in utero’ or ‘child, who is in utero’ means a member of the species homo sapiens, at any stage of development, who is carried in the womb’’ (Unborn Victims of Violence Act of 2004, 2004). In accordance with this law many state laws and federal laws allowing abortions are in complete contradiction to each other. In the same way, the public denial of the unborn being human is in opposition to the federal definition of “unborn child.” Just as well, the killing of a born baby is murder, and the logical conclusion to draw is that the killing of an unborn baby should be treated the same. “As the difference between a six-month old human being and that same human being twenty years later is only one of maturation, the same is true of the human embryo or foetus compared to the twenty-year old she matures into” (Lee, 2004. p. 257).
Despite that many believe that abortions are not immoral because they disregard the fetus as alive or a person, we are murdering people, but not only people – innocent children. A fetus does indeed contain all that is needed to become a unique and fully functioning adult at conception. Studies continue to discover new evidence proving that the unborn have unique personalities, responses, and awareness in the womb. These presented facts indicate that abortion is indeed murder and thus a serious issue worth contending over. We must then, bring people to taking responsibility for their sexual activity and present the facts in hopes to prevent those consequences of falling on an innocent child. While children are subject to their parent’s choices, we should allow children the right to live and give them the opportunity to respond to the gift of life. The continuous debate, on whether or not a fetus is a person, in itself should have been enough to prevent us from moving forward with the legalization of abortion. To enact a law, which allows for the murder of innocent life, or the taking of any life, on the basis of uncertain conclusions, assumptions, and appeals to emotions is neither moral nor justified.
Balaban, N. E., & Bobick, J. E. (2008). Human Growth and Development. In The handy anatomy answer book. Detroit: Visible Ink Press.
Deoxyribonucleic Acid (DNA) Fact Sheet. (2015, June 16). Retrieved from http://www.genome.gov...
Lee, P. (2004). The Pro-Life Argument from Substantial Identity: A Defence. Bioethics, 18(3), 249-263. doi: 10.1111/j.1467-8519.2004.00393.x
Marx, V., & Nagy, E. (2015, June 8). PLOS ONE. Retrieved from http://journals.plos.org...
Minnesota Department of Health. (2015, September 14). Retrieved from http://www.health.state.mn.us...
Unborn Victims of Violence Act of 2004, 18 U.S.C. §§ 1841 – 919a (2004)
murder-The unlawful premeditated killing of one human being by another.
(Because of this, for him to have a claim, he needs to prove a zygote, blastocyst, embryo and fetus qualifies as a human being)
human being-having the characteristics and qualifications of a human being.
abortion- The deliberate termination of a human pregnancy performed during the first 28 weeks of pregnancy.
The fact that he made this a one round debate puts him at a huge disadvantage. Also note Burden of proof is shared.
His first paragraph serves like a preamble nothing for me to argue against.
if I could prove an embryo is not a human being, then abortion is not murder, and then I win. You need to first understand that a human and a human being are two very different things. A human is made of cells and has DNA, but a human being has much more specific qualifications.
There are seven qualities something must meet in order to be considered a human being:
-They must be made of cells.
-They must obtain and use energy.
-They must grow and develop.
-They must be able to reproduce.
-They must respond to their environment.
-They must adapt to their environment.
-Finally, it needs to be able to live independently.
If there is a single one of these qualities they do not meet, then they are not a human being http://utahscience.oremjr.alpine.k12.ut.us...
An embryo is indeed made of cells.
It can obtain and use energy.
It can grow and develop, so good so far.
It does have the qualities of reproduction.
They can respond to their environment.
They can adapt to their environment, just one more quality to meet.
Here is where an embryo fails to qualify as a human being. An embryo, cannot live independently. An embryo can not independently survive on its own outside its mothers womb, therefore while an embryo is a human, in the sense that it has DNA and is made of cells, but is not a human being as it does not fit the qualifications. Therefore, whether you agree with abortion morally or not, an embryo is not human.
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