The Instigator
jmurrayo56
Pro (for)
Losing
0 Points
The Contender
s0m31john
Con (against)
Winning
55 Points

Affirmative Action

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Voting Style: Open Point System: 7 Point
Started: 3/15/2009 Category: Society
Updated: 7 years ago Status: Voting Period
Viewed: 1,474 times Debate No: 7407
Debate Rounds (3)
Comments (4)
Votes (9)

 

jmurrayo56

Pro

Well, to begin this argument, I wish to clear up any misconceptions and to properly define Affirmative Action. Affirmative Action is a system that has been designed to provide workplace diversity by encouraging employers to choose minority employees, and by minority, I mean anyone who is not a white male. Most people look at the race aspect of Affirmative Action and argue that it is a system that gives jobs to people of a certain group, rather than looking at the qualifications of a person. In reality, Affirmative Action just wants employers to choose the equally qualified minority potential employee.
s0m31john

Con

Dictionary.com defines Affirmative Action as:

"A term referring to various government policies that aim to increase the proportion of African-Americans, women, and other minorities in jobs and educational institutions historically dominated by white men. The policies usually require employers and institutions to set goals for hiring or admitting minorities." [1]

The key word here is government. Without government intervention Affirmative Action would not exist because it would simply be a private institution choosing on their own accord to hire more women and minority employees. Affirmative Action comes into play when the government tells a private business that its workforce must represent its community, or when the government offers incentives to those businesses that hire more women and minority employees.

Why though is it bad for the government to encourage such hiring practices?

First we must look to see what the role of the government is. Title IV of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 "declares it to be the policy of the United States that discrimination on the ground of race, color, or national origin shall not occur in connection with programs and activities receiving Federal financial assistance." [2] Government agencies, that use federal tax dollars, telling and offering private businesses incentives to hire a diverse workforce gives those in the minority an advantage over those who are not. That advantage may make little or no difference but the fact remains that a federally funded agency is helping or at attempting to help a specific group of people based on race and gender. While I find most parts of the Civil Rights Act to be intrusions on civil liberties, in this case preventing government discrimination is a positive force.

Second we must ask on what grounds does the government have the power to tell a private business what they can and can't do? This includes who they serve and who they choose to hire. We call this the Freedom of Association, the freedom to choose who you want to interact with and who you do not want to do so with. The government does not tell you that you must have a diverse group of friends, or that if you have a party you must invite a group of people that accurately represent your community. Instead you are free to make the decision of who you want as a friend and who you want to allow on your property for a party. Instead of a party imagine you own a business. The concept is still the same, one ought to have the freedom to pick and choose who they want to associate with, be they employees or customers, on their own property. Claims that this kind of freedom would promote racism in private business have long been shot down. Richard Epstein, a professor of law at University of Chicago, has said the majority of private businesses would not discriminate because it "incurs a cost and therefore [is] a competitive disadvantage." [3] Business are not in the business of racism, they are in the business of making money.

The Freedom of Association has long been upheld by the United States Supreme Court. In the case of the NAACP v. Alabama the justices declared it is a right "to pursue [] lawful private interests privately and to associate freely with others". [4] We also have the freedom of assembly in the US Constitution, and what really is a business but a group of people assembled together with common interests?

Freedom is an essential part of this country, or at least it ought to be, and a government telling private institutions how they should be run is certainly not freedom in any sense I know.

---| Sources |---
[1] - http://dictionary.reference.com...
[2] - http://en.wikipedia.org...
[3] - http://en.wikipedia.org...
[4] - http://en.wikipedia.org...
Debate Round No. 1
jmurrayo56

Pro

jmurrayo56 forfeited this round.
s0m31john

Con

It is unfortunate my opponent has forfeited her round 1. I will not introduce anything new, extend my original arguments.
Debate Round No. 2
jmurrayo56

Pro

jmurrayo56 forfeited this round.
s0m31john

Con

That is all. Vote Con.
Debate Round No. 3
4 comments have been posted on this debate. Showing 1 through 4 records.
Posted by MrMarkP37 7 years ago
MrMarkP37
Agreed, affirmative action is discrimination. It's a huge step that, at one time, may have been necessary because of the climate of our country but it is no longer needed. Imagine if President Obama had been "spotted" ten electoral points because of his race. I don't think he would have liked it and I am damn sure the country would have hated it. It would have caused diviseness amongst the people of this country and his electoral win would have been tainted. Now shrink that down to a regular workplace and you have what affirmative action causes now.
Posted by I-am-a-panda 7 years ago
I-am-a-panda
What happened to the no forfeit bear?
Posted by s0m31john 7 years ago
s0m31john
What's with your dumb face.

Who gave Pro 7 points?
Posted by dragonfire1414 7 years ago
dragonfire1414
What's with the dumb movie?
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Vote Placed by RoyLatham 6 years ago
RoyLatham
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Vote Placed by thejudgeisgod 7 years ago
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Vote Placed by MrMarkP37 7 years ago
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Vote Placed by dragonfire1414 7 years ago
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Vote Placed by JBlake 7 years ago
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Vote Placed by rofflewoffles 7 years ago
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Vote Placed by Maikuru 7 years ago
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Vote Placed by s0m31john 7 years ago
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