Debate Rounds (3)
I accept and wish my opponent good luck.
There a few reasons that support the idea of affirmative action being good. But first of all, what is affirmative action? Affirmative action is the policy of favoring members of a disadvantaged group who currently suffer or historically have suffered from discrimination within a culture (1). So why is affirmative action good?
1. Affirmative action breaks down barriers. There have been many barriers over the course of our history. Man against woman, black against white, rich against poor, and so on. It is true that many of these barriers may have been broken, but there is still another barrier we have to break: the barrier if acceptance. We have to learn to accept one another regardless of race, gender, or income status. Affirmative action was introduced United States first by John F. Kennedy in 1961. He wanted to "ensure that applicants are employed, and that employees are treated during employment, without regard to their race, creed, color, or national origin" (2). In other words, this helps to protect workers and it gives them rights. Why wouldn't we want that? Court cases have been held regarding college admission based on race, gender, or beliefs including the Fisher v. University of Texas in 2013 and 2016 (3). Both cases ended fairly.
2. So what can we conclude from this? Based on this information, it seems that affirmative action benefits everybody, so why would we want to get rid of something like this? Affirmative action protects workers and gives them rights, it makes sure that students are accepted into college regardless of race, color, religion, and gender. Affirmative action breaks barriers, but we still need to break the barrier of acceptance. All people should accept one another.
I hope that this is a good start for this debate. These statements that I have made help support the idea of affirmative action being helpful, not harmful to people. I look forward to my opponent's response.
Kingdom of Ends
In a civilized society, we as humans must live together peacefully. One key issue is that we should move to create a Kingdom of Ends. The Kingdom of Ends is where people are treated as an end of themselves, not a means . This is important as it is part of the soceity that we should strive to as it maximizes human equality and the ability to live together peacefully. The Kingdom shows that many people can live together under common just laws as they are able to live as ends instead of means. At the End, they are able to live together as citizens in this Kingdom to be treated as ends and this will lead to an equality through individiual rights . Affirmative Action violates the Kingdom of Ends as it uses the instance of a racial or sex that was discriminated to institute a punishment on the firm to higher a set standard. This isn't equality towards the Kingdom of Ends as you are using the individual as a means, not an end. Harming this violates the Kingdom of Ends which makes things harder, as a society, to move towards this utopia and this plan is unethical due to this.
The second main aspect of this debate should revolve around Utilitarianism, which can best be sumed up as the greatest pleasure of the greatest sentient beings. This is an important aspect of this debate as we look at how it affects the most people in this debate. We would have to look at any situation where the discriminatory action that would happen and see that one or a few members would be discriminated against by a firm. The people who were discriminated against are not compensated for with a hiring from the firm or any other. Instead they require the business to meet certain requirements that would harm the business with financial issues. Am I stating that the minorities aren't as skilled as white males? No. The Oppertunity cost of Affirmative Action is over $200 billion . We can see that there really anyone that actually benefits from Affirmative Action, but a small select few. Those discriminated against aren't helped and businesses tend to suffer financial losses. We see that there is more of a harm to more individuals than would great a net benefit and as a result, we see that Affirmative Action is unethical.
2. Stephen Palmquist "'The Kingdom of God is at Hand!' (Did Kant really say that?)", History of Philosophy Quarterly 11:4 (October 1994), pp.421-437.
Even if a small portion of people who get help from affirmative action are actually helped, it does not mean that we should stop it. Besides, money here is wasted anyway, but spending it on affirmative action is a good idea.
Please forgive me for such short arguments as I am in a hurry and do not have much time.
My opponent brings up how Affirmative Action has helped bring together everyone, but he doesn't explain how Affirmative Action has done that. He makes Causality Fallacy, just because we have made progress and affirmative action, does not mean it's due to affirmative action. He brings up college and affirmative action, which is a funny one. Blake V California Regents, saw California use Affirmative Action to discriminate against someone on the basis of race, the Supreme Court found the case in favor of Blake . I would go further, but there isn't anything else to refute.
Thank you and please vote Con!
1 votes has been placed for this debate.
Vote Placed by ThinkBig 2 months ago
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