Affirmitive Action Debate
Debate Rounds (5)
The majority of people in fact do not support Affirmative Action as part of the college enrollment process. Just 22% of Americans support the practice of allowing universities to consider applicants' race as a factor, and 76% are overtly against the idea, based on an ABC News/Washington Post poll released on June 12, 2013. (1)
While my opponent's points are valid, studies conducted 15, 13, and 11 years ago are simply not relevant in a debate which is ongoing and ever-changing. It is the up-to-date information which properly demonstrates the true social climate surrounding Affirmative Action.
MByronNHS forfeited this round.
GSchroeterNHS forfeited this round.
However, Affirmative Action is relevant in schools due to various location and population diversity. Regardless who is for or against considering race as a factor when getting into schools, it is the diversity factor that schools take into account, not the general population"s opinion. Each city in America contains a different amount of minorities, causing schools having to focus on diversity of applicants. (3) Most people have no issues with Caucasian Americans being accepted into a predominantly African American school to increase diversity, but if it is the other way around it is considered "reverse discrimination".
Surprisingly, the percentage of African Americans and minorities applying for Medical School is much greater than the number of Caucasian applicants, which shows a wide range of diversity which, in that case, Affirmative Action is not necessary. (3) Although, those statistics display those who applied, not those who were accepted. The majority of Medical Schools in the United States have a low range of diversity; therefore, Affirmative Action is necessary so that those more predominant applicants get a chance.
In an extensive study published by Richard H. Sander, professor of Law at Northwestern University, out of approximately 3,700 black students admitted to law schools, about 670 failed or dropped out, and only about 1,980 passed the bar exam. Sander's claims that the reason for this was that as white students in less prestigious schools learn the material and prepare for the exam, minority students in more elite schools struggle to keep up, become demoralized, and fail the bar(2)
With more colorblind policies, Sanders predicts, fewer black students would be admitted to law schools. However, the rate of dropout would decrease by over a third and the rate of black students who would pass the bar exam would increase by over a tenth (2)
My opponent states that "Each city in America contains a different amount of minorities, causing schools (to have) to focus on diversity of applicants." But shouldn't the diversity in schools' student populations be similar to the diversity in the population of the surrounding area? Colleges feel the need to choose an excess of minority applicants and ignore their scores and grades in order to create a diverse population, but this creates an inaccurate image of America.
My opponent also states that despite the fact that Medical Schools are receiving more minority applicants than white applicants, the applicants -still- need affirmative action to have a chance of getting into the school. This is a flawed stance. If more minorities are applying, and those minorities have comparable academic prowess to the white applicants, then even without affirmative action policies logic dictates that the majority of those accepted would be minorities. This statement is ludicrous and unfounded.
Current policies do very little to provide a benefit to minorities, and should be revised so that students are admitted to colleges which match their academic ability. Only then will students receive the proper education and become prepared for their future careers. America should be color-blind, not color-biased.
America is no longer a discriminatory nation. There is no slavery, no Jim Crow laws, no "separate but equal" standard to hold establishments by. Affirmative Action is the final artifact of a forgotten chapter in our nation's history. While it is true that the scars left by slavery, redlining, and exclusion continue to have an impact on the accumulated wealth of American blacks, the problem lies not with continued discrimination, but with a neglected lower class. Giving preference based on race is overt discrimination, but preference based upon the economic status of a job/college applicant addresses past discrimination without perpetuating the idea that "two wrongs make a right".
Because impoverished people are more likely to be racial minorities, class-based affirmative action promotes equality of opportunity to those who most need it while avoiding the targeting of specific groups for policies. Class is a better indicator of true disadvantage, and has become socially more important than race. (4)
If all racism were to end, there would still be major socioeconomic inequalities which separate classes and groups. Thus, these inequalities and the issue which must be addressed when determining the bias towards a potential job/college applicant. (5)
I agree with my opponents point where often lower class members of society are minorities but I am unsure how an employer would know this.
Affirmative Action is necessary in the work place for equal opportunity in the workplace for both color and race.
GSchroeterNHS forfeited this round.
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