The Instigator
LogicalRock
Pro (for)
The Contender
Food136
Con (against)

America's decision to drop the atomic bomb was (sadly)necessary

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Voting Style: Open Point System: 7 Point
Started: 2/7/2017 Category: Society
Updated: 1 year ago Status: Debating Period
Viewed: 355 times Debate No: 99701
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LogicalRock

Pro

America's decision to drop the atomic bomb was needed. For one reason it killed 140,000 when a land invasion could have killed up to millions.
Food136

Con

America's Decision to drop the Atomic bomb was completely unnecessary because it did not have a major influence in Japan's decision to surrender.

First of all, the destruction that the nuclear bombs weren't that much more destructive than traditional bombing raids with conventional bombs and firebombs. Compared to the other 68 bombing raids that the US carried out in the summer of 1945, Hiroshima ranked 2nd in terms of civilian casualties and 17th in the percentage of a city destroyed which puts the bomb in the same parameters as a conventional bombing raid. To a Japanese government official, the nukes were no different from normal bombing raids and considering how even with 68 massive bombing raids with comparable destruction to Hiroshima and Nagasaki did not convince them to surrender, it makes no sense why 2 more cities destroyed with a new weapon would be any different.

Also the highest levels of the Japanese government didn't seem to care too mcuh about the fact that their cities were being completely destroyed. Retired Foreign Minister Shidehara Kijuro once written to a friend that "the people would gradually get used to being bombed daily. In time their unity and resolve would grow stronger" and "even if hundreds of thousands of noncombatants are killed, injured, or starved, even if millions of buildings are destroyed or burned," additional time was needed for diplomacy. Keep in mind, Shidehara was a moderate so many other Japanese government officials were far more radical. This is not to mention that the Highest Level of the Japanese government, The Supreme Council, during their August 9th meeting, 3 days after the bombing of Nagasaki, did not talk the impact of bombing raids that much. They only mentioned it twice, once in passing and another during wide-ranging discussion. Instead their discussion focused mainly on the Soviet Union and the necessity of its continued neutrality.

The real reason why Japan Surrender was because of Soviet involvement in the war against Japan. Before the Soviets got involved, it was hoped by Japanese officials could use Stalin as a mediator or that they could inflict so many causalities on the invading american troops that the Americans would offer better surrender terms. However, when the soviets invaded all those options disappeared. The majority of the Japanese army and their best men were on the south preparing for an invasion by the Americans so there was only a skeleton army defending the north of Japan where the Soviets were invading from. So with the knowledge that Japan had no hope for at very least a surrender with good terms, Japan surrendered unconditionally

Source: http://foreignpolicy.com...
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