The Instigator
jasmine.mastrolia
Con (against)
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The Contender
kgill28
Pro (for)
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Animal Experimentation

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Voting Style: Open Point System: 7 Point
Started: 3/30/2013 Category: Science
Updated: 3 years ago Status: Post Voting Period
Viewed: 990 times Debate No: 31918
Debate Rounds (5)
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jasmine.mastrolia

Con

I find debates quite stimulating, and would like to discuss animal experimentation. I personally disagree with it, as I find that more bad than good comes from it. The first round of the debate is merely accepting the challenge. There will be five rounds total, divided by the type of animal testing: consumer goods safety testing, medical testing, military experimentation, and psychological studies. If you accept, please intend to see the debate through until the end.
kgill28

Pro

I accept your debate, however I don't agree with animals being tested for military experimentation, so let's focus on the other 3 fields.
Debate Round No. 1
jasmine.mastrolia

Con

Ok, so consumer goods testing.

There are several tests that companies use to test the safety of their products in case buyers ingest the products, get product in their eye, or the product gets onto their skin. The Draize eye test is one of these, and involves rabbits in metal contraptions, held so tightly that they often break their backs trying to escape. The chemicals are then dripped in to the rabbits' eyes, which are forced to remain open, and the researchers track the problems that arise for up to 21 days. For that entire period of time, the rabbits are unable to respond as animals naturally would to such irritation, rubbing the chemical out, or so forth. It should be noted that the structure of a rabbit eye is significantly different from that of a human. Rabbits do not produce as many tears as humans do, either, so the chemical is not rinsed out as much as it would be in human eyes. The results of these tests aren't even really used - as Dr. Christopher Smith, a physician in California, said, "I know of no instance in which an emergncy physician hass used Draize test data to aid in the management of an eye injury."

Another test is the LD50, or lethal dose 50 tests. Test subjects are fed the product being tested in larger and larger amounts, until half of all animals die. These products often include drain cleaner, or other products that no intelligent human would ever accidentally ingest. The test takes weeks or even months and has only an accuracy rate of 52-60%. Again, the results from this test are not used by physicians when a patient comes into the hospital, nor will they stop the product from being produced. In addition, there are human alternatives to this test, such as the use of donated human tissue, which is able to target the effects on specific human organs if needed, and has an accuracy rate of 84%. In addition, the test is significantly faster than animal testing.

The last test I'll use as an example is the skin corrosivity/irritation test. Animals are shaved, then have the chemicals being tested placed on or injected into their skin. The tests take about a month, and are incorrect about 10 of every 25 chemicals - 40% error rate. Alternative methods include human skin equivalent systems such as EpiDerm or SkinEthic. EpiDerm, for instance, has a hundred percent accuracy rate and can provide results in 3 minutes, or up to 4 hours. Computer models use informaton about the properties and similar chemicals to predict the effect of a chemical, and do so with a 90-95% accuracy rate.

The testing of chemicals using animals takes 5 years and millions of dollars before the product is safe to be released. Using humane alternatives can test hundreds of chemicals in a week for a fraction of the cost. Animal testing in consumer goods is still done simply because it's the way it's always been done, and customers aren't demanding that procedures be changed. We sacrifice time, money, and accuracy, in addition to our morals and animals' lives.
kgill28

Pro

kgill28 forfeited this round.
Debate Round No. 2
jasmine.mastrolia

Con

jasmine.mastrolia forfeited this round.
kgill28

Pro

kgill28 forfeited this round.
Debate Round No. 3
jasmine.mastrolia

Con

jasmine.mastrolia forfeited this round.
kgill28

Pro

kgill28 forfeited this round.
Debate Round No. 4
jasmine.mastrolia

Con

jasmine.mastrolia forfeited this round.
kgill28

Pro

kgill28 forfeited this round.
Debate Round No. 5
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