The Instigator
CobaltWaVe
Pro (for)
Tied
0 Points
The Contender
greentopic
Con (against)
Tied
0 Points

Animals should be used for scientific and commercial testing

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Voting Style: Open Point System: 7 Point
Started: 4/16/2016 Category: Science
Updated: 1 year ago Status: Post Voting Period
Viewed: 410 times Debate No: 89770
Debate Rounds (3)
Comments (2)
Votes (0)

 

CobaltWaVe

Pro

The California Biomedical Research Association states that nearly every medical breakthrough in the last 100 years has resulted directly from research using animals. Animals are appropriate research subjects because they are similar to human beings in many ways. Animal testing is vital for the future of the human race. Although not always ideal, the alternative to not using animal testing would be testing on humans or simply allowing people to die from illness.
greentopic

Con

Animal testing des not reliably predict results in human beings, 94% of trial drugs that pass the Animal testing phase fail on the Human test patients. A 2013 study published in Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America (PNAS) found that nearly 150 clinical trials (human tests) of treatments to reduce inflammation in critically ill patients have been undertaken, and all of them failed, despite being successful in animal tests. With such poor results why is such an inhumane practice being run? Most experiments involving animals are flawed, wasting the lives of the animal subjects and then potentially the human subjects after it, why should we make an animal suffer though a drug trial for it then to seriously harm the next human patient? doing tests that are more reliable would turn out more positive results at the end of a drug trial on human beings making the percentage of human suffering during the trial considerably lower whilst stopping the suffering of animals.
Debate Round No. 1
CobaltWaVe

Pro

Animal testing has contributed to so many life-saving cures and treatments. The facts that you quoted are only for a small proportion of animal tests (inflammation reduction) and do not represent the big picture. The polio vaccine, tested on animals, reduced the global presence of the disease from 350,000 cases in 1988, to 223 cases in 2012.

You also stated that we should perform tests that are more reliable, as they would yield better results at the end. However, there is no adequate alternative to testing on a living, whole-body system. As living creatures such as human beings are so complex, studying cells in a petri dish simply doesn't allow for adequate testing of the substances. For example, evaluating a drug for side effects requires a circulatory system to carry the medicine to the different organs. Chimpanzees share 99% of their DNA with humans, and mice are 98% genetically similar to humans. This is why they are so suitable for being tested on.

An example of animal testing in which it was not effective was the thalidomide disaster. This shows a need for more animal testing, not less. If thalidomide had been properly tested on pregnant animals, its potential for causing terrible birth defects would have been discovered way before the drug became allowed for human use. Testing on animals showed that the drug induced birth defects in mice, rats, hamsters, marmosets, baboons, and the New Zealand white rabbit.
greentopic

Con

greentopic forfeited this round.
Debate Round No. 2
CobaltWaVe

Pro

CobaltWaVe forfeited this round.
greentopic

Con

greentopic forfeited this round.
Debate Round No. 3
2 comments have been posted on this debate. Showing 1 through 2 records.
Posted by PepePopo2012 1 year ago
PepePopo2012
It would be nice you both upload a link from those papers as just mentioning some "study" is not considered to be a reliable source.
Posted by PepePopo2012 1 year ago
PepePopo2012
It would be nice you both upload a link from those papers as just mentioning some "study" is not considered to be a reliable source.
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