Perhaps the most basic and fundamental of all our rights. However, with every right comes a choice. The right to speech does not remove the option to remain silent; the right to vote brings with it the right to abstain. In the same way, the right to choose to die is implicit in the right to life. The degree to which physical pain and psychological distress can be tolerated is different in all humans. Quality of life judgements are private and personal, thus only the sufferer can make relevant decisions. This was particularly evident in the case of Daniel James. After suffering a spinal dislocation as the result of a rugby accident he decided that he would live a second-rate existence if he continued with life and that it was not something he wanted to prolong. People are given a large degree of autonomy within their lives and since deciding to end your life does not physically harm anyone else, it should be within your rights to decide when you wish to die!!
We can't compare the right to live and other rights. You can't suddenly decide yourself, that you want to die and just make doctors or others to kill you. You won't have second chance, if you die, nobody can make you alive again. Also people may be under depression or have psychological problems, so they make wrong decision to day. what about people suffering from disease, feel pain, now there are a lot of types of pain killers, which can stop the pain. Furthermore, there are numerous of people, who were treated from diseases which counted as incurable.
The gradual decline of their body, the failure of their organs and the need for artificial support. In some cases, the illness will slowly destroy their minds, the essence of themselves; even if this is not the case, the huge amounts of medication required to "control" their pain will often leave them in a delirious and incapable state. At least five percent of terminal pain cannot be controlled, even with the best care. Faced with this, it is surely more humane that those people be allowed to choose the manner of their own end, and have the assistance of a doctor to die with dignity. One particular account was of Sue Rodriguez who died slowly of Lou Gehrig's disease. She lived for several years with the knowledge that her muscles would, one by one, waste away until the day came when, fully conscious, she would choke to death. She begged the courts to reassure her that a doctor would be allowed to assist her in choosing the moment of death. They refused. Rodriguez did not accept the verdict and with the help of an anonymous physician committed suicide in February 1994. I think the situation will end by death in any case. So it is better to fulfill the last desire of the patient, event this desire will lead to death!!
Thanks for your answer, Yerkezhan.
I agree with you, that the pain might be intolerable, however, modern palliative care is immensely flexible and effective, and helps to preserve quality of life as far as is possible. There is no need for terminally ill patients ever to be in pain, even at the very end of the course of their illness. It is always wrong to give up on life. The future which lies ahead for the terminally ill is of course terrifying, but society"s role is to help them live their lives as well as they can. This can take place through counselling, helping patients to come to terms with their condition.