The Instigator
Proving_a_Negative
Pro (for)
Tied
0 Points
The Contender
AntiVirus
Con (against)
Tied
0 Points

Choose your favorite element :D

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Voting Style: Open Point System: Select Winner
Started: 9/19/2015 Category: Science
Updated: 1 year ago Status: Post Voting Period
Viewed: 1,002 times Debate No: 79900
Debate Rounds (5)
Comments (9)
Votes (0)

 

Proving_a_Negative

Pro

Round 1: Con chooses favorite element. (No arguments)
Round 2: Pro chooses favorite element. (Can't be the same as Con's) Opening arguments for both Pro and Con.
Round 3: Rebuttal
Round 4: Defense
Round 5: Closing statement

What are we debating? We are going to argue that our element (off of the periodic table) is better due to its scientific and societal use. Good luck m8

This will be a light-hearted debated. No trolling...

AntiVirus

Con

To make this debate doable lets both choose an element that isn't life sustaining/essential to any life. Deal?

I choose Aluminum
Debate Round No. 1
Proving_a_Negative

Pro

My choice is, of course, Hydrogen.
Note: I have agreed to not make arguments regarding the necessity of Hydrogen for life.

Argument 1: Catalytic Hydrogenation
Lets begin by discussing a reaction that isn't well known amongst the populace but is absolutely essential for organic chemists and the food industry.

What is it?


Image URL: http://chemwiki.ucdavis.edu...

In the most basic form, it removes carbon-carbon double bonds and makes them into single bonds. Not only that, but the product is very easy to predict. In many organic molecule reactions, you actually get more than one product. You 'usually' get a racemic mixture of two different products that are very similar but slightly different.


Image URL: http://www.chemgapedia.de...

The product of this catalytic hydrogenation reaction forms 2 stereoisomers. Although they behave the same chemically, our cell's proteins can tell the difference. It is crucial for organic chemists (specifically in the pharmaceutical industry) to know what the products are EXACTLY. With catayltic hydrogenation, you can manipulate which type of isomer you want WHICH IS A VERY POWERFUL TOOL. Take these reactions for example:


Image URL: http://www.cureffi.org...

This reaction reduces a carbon-carbon triple bond to a double bond, which is another AWESOME feature of catalytic hydrogenation. You can specify the reaction to reduce it to a carbon-carbon double bond with cis addition, trans addition, or go straight to the carbon carbon single bond. Carbon-carbon double bonds can be manipulated in a lot of ways so knowing how to produce them from and alkene is another POWERFUL tool.

Why is this reaction important to the food industry? It has to do with shelf life. Saturated fatty acids have a much longer shelf life than unsaturated fatty acids.


Image URL: http://biology.clc.uc.edu...

As you can see, Unsaturated fatty acids contain a carbon-carbon double bond. These are relitavely unstable in comparison to a single bond. We can convert these to single bonds by using catalytic hydrogenation and thereby extending its shelf life.

This reaction is so important that Nobel Prizes have been awarded to several people for their development on it. Here are a couple:
1. http://www.nobelprize.org...
2. http://www.nobelprize.org...

Argument 2: Proton Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy (H-NMR)

What is it?


Image URL: http://orgchem.colorado.edu...

Spectroscopy is invaluable for chemistry in the lab. Basically, chemists want to know what they just made. You can't point a microscope at it and find out. When you have successfully synthesized a new molecule that you have no idea what it is, you turn to spectroscopy to find out. H-NMR is by far the most powerful technique devised for organic molecules specifically. If the molecule contains hydrogen, performing H-NMR will give a lot of information regarding the molecule. You can find out the symmetry of the molecule, the functional groups present, the number of hydrogen atoms, and the environment of each hydrogen atom. This method works on simple molecules like toluene (as depicted in the picture) to very large proteins like insulin. What makes this spectroscopy even more special is that it doesn't destroy it, it's relatively inexpensive (most universities have a H-NMR scanner), and you can retrieve the molecule after it's done being magnetized. Since it is very difficult to describe how it works, let me show you why it is absolutely important.



Image URL: http://www.joytime.org...

This magnificent image of the human brain comes from an MRI scan. MRI stands for Magnet Resonance Imaging. They took out "Nuclear" due to the fear of radioactivity from the layman. Yes. This outstanding image comes from the power of H-NMR. It is completely safe and not invasive yet you see a crystal clear image of the human brain. According to Main Line Health, MRI is important for these following things:
        • Examining the brain, neck and spinal cord
        • Identifying bone and joint damage
        • Revealing brain abnormalities in people with Alzheimer's Disease and dementia
        • Helping with the diagnosis of central nervous system disorders, like multiple sclerosis and strokes
        • Detecting breast cancer and damage to soft tissues
        • Evaluating blood vessels to detect areas of blockage
Source: http://www.mainlinehealth.org...

Lets not forget another relatively small field of science known as PSYCHOLOGY [sarcasm, of course]. Modern psychology heavily relies on studying the human brain activity. While there are other techniques, MRI is one of the most valuable. Neurology depends on it. Its use is far more than what I can possibly describe.

Lets quickly look at a few chemists who earned a Nobel Prize for their research on NMR.
1. http://www.nobelprize.org...
2. http://www.nobelprize.org...

Conclusion
We have seen how hydrogen is important in pharmaceuticals, food industry, spectroscopy, MRI scans, hospitals, psychology, and neurology. Thank you and good luck aluminum!
AntiVirus

Con

AntiVirus forfeited this round.
Debate Round No. 2
AntiVirus

Con

AntiVirus forfeited this round.
Debate Round No. 3
Proving_a_Negative

Pro

Proving_a_Negative forfeited this round.
AntiVirus

Con

AntiVirus forfeited this round.
Debate Round No. 4
Proving_a_Negative

Pro

Proving_a_Negative forfeited this round.
AntiVirus

Con

AntiVirus forfeited this round.
Debate Round No. 5
9 comments have been posted on this debate. Showing 1 through 9 records.
Posted by Proving_a_Negative 2 years ago
Proving_a_Negative
Make sure you mention that at the beginning of your argument and say it was okay'd in the comments
Posted by Proving_a_Negative 2 years ago
Proving_a_Negative
Sure lol
Posted by AntiVirus 2 years ago
AntiVirus
Shoot, can I change my element to Tin? I got Aluminum and Tin mixed up.
Posted by Proving_a_Negative 2 years ago
Proving_a_Negative
No it's okay. I saw that you were new so I was just giving you guidance.
Posted by AntiVirus 2 years ago
AntiVirus
Sorry I'm a bit new you're right though that is something I should have worked out in the comments.
Posted by Proving_a_Negative 2 years ago
Proving_a_Negative
Alright. I'm glad we could make a deal.
Posted by AntiVirus 2 years ago
AntiVirus
It is okay.
Posted by Proving_a_Negative 2 years ago
Proving_a_Negative
If not, I got a backup.
Posted by Proving_a_Negative 2 years ago
Proving_a_Negative
Although this is something you should have worked out in the comments, I will let it slide. I plan on choosing Hydrogen. I will not argue about the reasons why it is essential for life. There are other reasons why it is awesome. Is this okay?
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