Civilization (towns, cities, settlements) is the proper way for man to live.
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Also, I'd like to put something else here. We adapted. We didn't evolve, we adapted and used our environment to our use to help ourselves survive.
My arguement does take some mechanics from the theory of natural selection and applies them to this arguement. If there is some aspect of evolution and the theory of natural selection that you do not agree with, then we may become derailed inside another debate. So let it be.
Through fossils and artifacts, we have found human beings have lived for at least 200,000 years. Through most of these thousands of years mankind has lived without civilization and all that comes will it. He lacked currency, basic economics, division of labor, and all the rest. And yet, throughout these thousands of years mankind lived in a way that was successful. And not only successful, but he did so in a way that did not destroy his environment, nor take undue advantage of others. Niether other humans nor the natural order of things. The proof of this success is in our existance. The agricultural revolution that started 11,000 years ago could not have taken place if the then-humans had not been in a position of success and stability. This stability was granted through living in harmony with thier environment. If they had not been successful, we would not be here to talk about them.
The agricultural revolution started about 11,000 years ago in the middle east. Recorded history starts at around 4500 bc. Throughout recorded history we find nothing but famine, war, division, depreciation of human rights, poverty. We look before recorded history and we find scant evidence of full on war. Most human on human violence that occured was tribal conflict. Skirmishes, with an occasional wounded or fatality. After 4500 bc we find war after war, becoming more and more frequent as we draw closer to the current day. The same can be said to be true of famine. Poverty. Disease. The destruction of the village and the family. This frightening trend is due to cultural changes we all adopted after the agricultural revolution and that still carry on to this day.
Before the agricultural revolution, there were a million different ways to live and a seperate culture for each of them. After the agricultural revolution, One culture emerged , ours. And this culture began to convert or crush each nieghboring culture until we get to the present day. And this is the effects of such a conquest.
As for your second argument, "...we find nothing but famine, war, division, depreciation of human rights, and poverty." There were time periods such as the Rennasiance. And something else. Please do not use the European Dark Ages in your next argument. Because during the "Dark Ages", in the Middle East, it was the Golden Age. It's technological level advancement rate was at least equal to that of the Rennasiance, and at some points in history, even higher. There is an event that occurred that showed exactly how earth-shattering this Golden Age was. One of the leaders of the Middle East, during the Dark Ages of Europe, sent a clock to a king in Europe. The king did not know what it was, and thought it a plot to kill him, so he had soldiers destroy it. Many of today's commodities such as aircraft, cameras, and surgery equipment were made during this Golden Age.
Finally, you say that, before the agricultural revolution, there were a million ways to live and a separate culture for each of us. Today, we a have a billion different ways. What with new movements ideas, all being sparked by the industrial and agricultural revolutions, there are so many different kinds of people and cultures out there, it would take 7 billion minutes to describe them all.
Millions of people did not die of disease in the older epochs. People were spread too far apart to spread any contagions. People would simply die before the reached their neighbor to pass along the disease. I don't think Pro has any evidence for such events occurring. The human population of the earth was rather small at these times. perhaps 500,000 individuals spread across the continents. It took along time to get into the millions.
Yes during the industrial revolution we experienced a rush of innovation in technology , medicine and all the rest. Since the industrial revolution the destruction upon our environment, our very life support system, has never been greater nor more widespread. We see the consequences of those actions today. Mankind is part of a living community. The community of life. And mankind is utterly dependant upon that community for survival. So how wondrous are policies that put us at odds with everything in the community of life? We have killed all our competitors for food, space, and resources. We cleared land, as pro mentions, for our homes and livestock, thinking this must be the right way to do things. For 11,000 years we have lived this way, and for 11,000 years things have been getting worse and worse. Slowly but surely, more population, more mouths to feed, more food needed to be grown, more space for that food, and on and on for 11,000 years.
I have no need to highlight the dark ages. Human history is full of famines, wars, tyrannies, and destruction of the environment. Statistically speaking, Modern times are the most peaceful in history. How many wars are going on right now? 5 or 6 wars that I know of. And yet, most believe this is the correct way to live. Press ahead and try for more power, more resources, more food, and more people. More people will solve all our problems. In the future, well have technologies that grow a whole field of corn in a square inch, and we will all be immortal, and poverty will be solved. We will control the weather of the whole planet and hold the life of the planet in our hands. That's our destiny. But those things always come tomorrow, and today we are destroying our selves with how we live as a culture and as a species. Who knows if tomorrow will come?
Today we have only one way to live. One culture. The culture that says humans are the paragon of life on this planet , and that this planet belongs to us and we can do what we damn well please with it. This is fallacy.
Mino forfeited this round.
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