DNA databases and profiling can cause wrongful convictions when finding a victim of a crime. Errors can be made and people conducting tests could be convinced through criminal means to produce the desired outcomes (Bright Hub). Another thing is that DNA can degrade over time which will in inaccurate information (Voices on Yahoo). The accuracy of fingerprinting testing is solely dependent on the experience and competency of lab personnel and equipment (Voices on Yahoo). This shows that wrong information can be easily received. If there was a crime and one of the options to find the person is to use DNA fingerprinting, then it would be best not to use that option. You can receive inaccurate information made within small errors.
Profiling and DNA databases are very effective to solving more crimes. Before DNA data basing and profiling, investigators could only identify the blood type and race of the suspect. With the technology now, investigators can establish a genetic profile that can be attached to an individual (Bright Hub). "AN FBI study indicates that since 1989 DNA evidence has excluded the primary candidate in 25% of sexual assault cases (Better Health)." With the DNA data basing and profiling, investigators were able to rule out 25% of people from being a suspect in a crime. Investigators and researchers re check the samples at least four times to prevent accusing an innocent person for a crime (academia.edu).
DNA profiling intrudes on people's privacy. DNA fingerprinting databases infringe upon privacy and civil liberties (Voices on Yahoo). Some consider any request for a DNA sample to be a violation of an individuals right to privacy and a violation of their civil liberties (Bright Hub). Once you have had your DNA fingerprinted, anyone has access to it. Companies may promise that they will keep it in a safe place but if you think about it, nothing is ever safe. Anything that you are to put out into the world can somehow be found. This is an intrusion to people's personal data and life.
Profiling can be seen a violation of that person"s "DNA "ownership," but without this method of identification, it would be so much more work to solve crimes and cases. DNA data basing and profiling is not a threat to an individual"s privacy. The government has access to the information, but is not providing the information to the whole world (Bright Hub). Only criminals would fear the government putting out that person"s information. If you are innocent and didn"t commit any crimes then you have nothing to fear about. The government needs this information in order to provide their citizens with the safe society they deserve. The records of criminals are permanently locked in so that they can easily be obtained (Better Health). Because of this new way of identifying criminals, people are allowed to live in a safer environment since criminal records can easily be accessed.
DNA profiling can be discriminatory or bias. There is a possibility of discrimination against certain races and ethnicity (Voices of Yahoo). There was a lawyer named Brandon Mayfield. Someone was filled in on the idea that this guy was a Muslim lawyer with sympathies to Muslim groups. The person discriminated had Muslims and wanted to find a way to get Mayfield convicted. That is where DNA profiling came in, and the man had used Mayfield's DNA to convict him of a crime he didn't commit (Washington Post). This shows of the discrimination.
DNA profiling can be seen as bias. The investigators need to look around the area to see the individuals around to find out how the suspect might look as well. In some cases, to narrow down down an investigation, DNA dragnets have racially targeted the suspects (dnapolicintiative.org). However, DNA profiling can save your own life and many others. If you or someone you know was attacked or assaulted, the forensic people can search for multiple pieces of DNA such as, saliva, hair, blood, urine, or even semen samples to identify the victim (Forensic Investigation and DNA Profiling). With the help of this evidence, this would lead to the capture of the criminal. Also, the police can easily look up the criminal and find out if they have a bad history and quickly put them in jail.
In different states, it is actually illegal to have any type of DNA profiling. But in other states, there are certain materials that are needed/required in order to be databased. For more information about this, click on the link below that will take you to the website for DNA Laws Database. After the person is databased, the company must provide certain information for proof.
There are various types of DNA profiling. DNA profiling doesn't just include blood. There are several different ways to collect DNA from a scene. It is so easy to collect the samples from someone because it is quick and painless. Evidence that is considered too small can be use in DNA profiling to help solve parts of the crime (Bright Hub). Other countries that have DNA profiling illegal have other, less effective ways to solve their cases.
The DNA that was taken and put into the database, can be taken and sold (Voices on Yahoo). This can become dangerous. As strange as it sounds, this sold DNA can be used for crimes. For example, if a person has commit a crime, they can leave the DNA that they bought at the crime and the person's whose DNA was bought, will then be framed for the crime. That becomes a problem for not only the person, but also the investigators.
Almost every individual in the United States have created their own DNA database by allowing the police to take their fingerprint or a sample of hair (hstlj.org). It would be extremely difficult to frame someone for committing a crime by using some DNA they bought. The reason why is because the person who actually did the crime will more than likely leave behind sweat, hair, or even some fingerprints while they were in the process of this crime. DNA databaseing is designed to be able to identify even the smallest amount of evidence (ncstl.org). The DNA is only one piece of the puzzle to solve the crime. The investigators can examine if there were any weapons used in the crime and from there, DNA databasing comes into the case. By using the DNA databasing, less obvious evidence that might of not been seen at first glance would be used and be able to solve the case more in depth.