One major problem in crime is the miss-representation for ethnic minorities and young people. This creates an anti-police attitude. In fact, two in five black men already have their DNA on record compared to fewer than one in ten whites. Justice cannot properly be given to those in a majority gender or ethnicity that holds more protection compared to the minorities. DNA profiling can eliminate the bias in crime by giving solid evidence towards who the perpetrator is. A computer does not discriminate against those of different color, age, and gender than the majority.
The argument that you present may be true. but, the police can misuse this DNA Database. If there is a case in which there is a corrupt officer can give information to someone whom isn't qualified. Also DNA databases can have a backfire as well, If someone is in the wrong place at the wrong time you can be pinned for a crime. In that a lawyer in a court can use this database to falsely convict someone of a crime.
You have a good point but DNA databases and profiling will protect the innocent. DNA profiling will vastly eliminate the leading causes of misconvinctions which are eyewitness misidentification, inproper forensic science, and misinformants. Using direct crosses between the database and evidence from the crime scene can rule-out innocent people being convicted. This can take away from the estimate of 10,000 innocent people prosecuted each year. Not to mention the estimated over 1,000 people since 1976 who have been executed or may still be on death row.
Preventing innocence comes with a price.
The labeling of people and the country will follow the introduction of the DNA databases. A computer would be uploaded with billions of DNA strands and nothing is perfect. The Idea behind the DNA database is strong yet, the country can be labeled because of its decisions. This can make the country seem invasive to privacy. Also, the costs of this database would cost billions of dollars and the databases would often be put to work because millions of people are born a day. that means there is an increased chance of the database misreading a strand. Also, being able to store this data will be a fragile system. what can happen if the area in which has a power outage. this would be to costly for the government and if that country is already in debt it would cause more harm than good.
You say that people's privacy will be invaded but those who have nothing to hide have nothing to worry about. If those who do not have a criminal background (whether serious or not) or are planning on doing something in the future then they have no reason to be worried. The DNA profile will also only be viewed by a government worker and won't even be viewed if the person's own health, safety, or criminal background comes into question. Their privacy can very easily be maintained by through high-end security and as long as they have nothing to hide then they have no reason to worry.
Yes, but aside from innocent people being convicted, there are plenty of unsolved cases that effect the population. DNA found not previously linked to a perpetrator can be linked to a match in the database. This could bring closure and comfort to the person(s) effected by the perpetrator's crime and brings justice towards the crime. There are 6,000 killers that get away each year, 25% of sexual assault cases go unsolved each year, and there are 900,000 abduction cases a year. Most of these cases involve perpetrators that have never committed a crime before. To eliminate this problem a DNA databases is needed.
The reasoning behind this percentage of Convicts dodging the conviction bullet is high because of problems that can involve DNA tracing. That does not mean that DNA is the only reason that these cases have been lost
Yes, but DNA databasing also provides the social aspects of a population with many benefits. Say a child or person goes missing, if their DNA profile is in a government system then it would be easy to search for or identify the missing person. There are also health benefits. Once a person submits their DNA then a karyotype can show whether or not the person will be effected by a chromosomal disorder such as down's syndrome.
If i child has gone missing just because they have the DNA doesnt mean that the parents can find their child. It may increase the chance yet there isnt the possiblility, Also if they do the DNA database the way you said if someone submits there DNA that would mean that the people would have to volunteer. Therefor, the government wouldnt have a complete database, therefore it would cost more that it would payoff.