The Instigator
vargas.samantha04
Pro (for)
Tied
0 Points
The Contender
bryce_h_11
Con (against)
Tied
0 Points

DNA databases/profiling

Do you like this debate?NoYes+1
Add this debate to Google Add this debate to Delicious Add this debate to FaceBook Add this debate to Digg  
Post Voting Period
The voting period for this debate has ended.
after 0 votes the winner is...
It's a Tie!
Voting Style: Open Point System: 7 Point
Started: 4/10/2014 Category: Science
Updated: 2 years ago Status: Post Voting Period
Viewed: 448 times Debate No: 52054
Debate Rounds (5)
Comments (0)
Votes (0)

 

vargas.samantha04

Pro

DNA evidence allows crimes to be more easily solved, including old cases. Searching a DNA database for a match at the crime scene identifies the suspect in 60% of the cases.
Allowing DNA profiling during criminal cases would eliminate the current ethic and gender bias towards young black men. According to Nicole Jarworski at CBS company, "African Americans are imprisoned at over six times the rate of whites." By allowing DNA databases you are getting rid of the chance of innocent people be convicted. DNA profiling can prove someone innocent even after they have been convicted; the chances of two people having the same DNA profile is less than 1 in a billion. Finding a match may not lead to conviction but being able to identify a suspect saves police time and money.
bryce_h_11

Con

Although it might be easier to find out who the police think did the crime, what if they convicted the wrong person? False convictions are very common in the criminal justice system, but nothing is really done about it. According to lawproffesors.typepad.com, DNA slowly changes over time. What if the DNA that was checked was just close do the DNA of the real victim because it was modified over time, but that person was falsely convicted? Near match DNA is very common, but the police use that DNA anyway because it is close according to lawproffesors.typepad.com. The DNA the police picked up at the crime seen could be very different to the one of the suspect, and the wrong person convicted. The police should use a different method to figure out the real criminal.
Debate Round No. 1
vargas.samantha04

Pro

It is not uncommon for the wrong person to be convicted, however the chance of two people having the same DNA profile is impossible. Even though DNA profiles don't look to much different, ever profile is unique. As well, DNA databases helped solve more than 130,000 criminal cases in 2009, according to The National Center of Biotechnology Information. With databases suspects can be identified quicker. DNA databases and profiling can help identify people as well as animals. Databases also allow animals to be identified at the scene of the crime; is it is an animal attack or simply just pet hair (50% of households have a pet so the police will be able to trace the pet hair back to an owner), the attacker may be able to be identified.
Along with identifying animal, with the help of DNA profiling, missing persons and people who cannot be identified can be. There are many Jane and John Does in hospitals (people who are not identified) and with the help of databases, those people will be identified more quickly and can get the treatment that they need.
bryce_h_11

Con

It is a good idea to use the animal DNA to trace criminals, but what if the pet is not in their possession? You would be tracing the wrong person and that would be a huge waste of money. Your genetic history would be very important to get jobs you want if there were DNA databases. People would be denied jobs just because of their genetic history according to www.southernfriedscience.com. These people could also be denied health care, which is hard to get for citizens these days, just because of their genes. Basically, this is saying that your genes will ultimately determine what you can and can not do. This is not right for working class people. People should not be judged on their genetic history.
Debate Round No. 2
vargas.samantha04

Pro

If its the case that the animal is not in the possession of the owner that can easily be taken care of. Genetics is something that cannot be changed, and people being denied jobs because their genetic history is probably because it will affect their performance. Health care is a totally different issue that has to do with the government and not DNA databases. As for people getting judged on their genetic history, a DNA profile can resolve the issue by showing that the person doesn't not carry a bad gene. Along with that, parentage testing is not an uncommon thing to do with DNA bases. DNA profiling can solve the dispute over who the father of a child is and is thus responsible for child support. The test can also be used to identify the parents of babies who are switched at birth; about 28,000 babies get switched in hospitals every year, temporarily or permanently, out of four million births, says Nicholas Webb, vice president of technology for Talon Medical Limited, databases will solve this issue professionally. Databases help with immigration issues too. With DNA profiles, the government is able to establish that individuals are the true children/parents/siblings in cases of family reunification.
bryce_h_11

Con

DNA databases may help solve the dispute over who the father of a child is, the DNA could, again, be wrong. The police could conclude that the person is the father of a child, but he is really not. DNA databases could be politically against the law. People are being denied their rights when caught doing something illegal if DNA databases according to www.websleuths.com. False testing could also be a problem, meaning that people could be innocent, but just because of someone's opinion they could be tested positive. DNA profiling is also a violation of the 4th amendment according to www.nij.gov. This is true because the DNA is being illegally seized. It is being illegally seized because the people are not being individually asked for their DNA. The government is technically breaking the law if they were to use the databases.
Debate Round No. 3
vargas.samantha04

Pro

Many DNA databases are created voluntary. The largest DNA database, which is the National DNA databases, are created by people voluntarily giving their DNA profile government because they have nothing to hide. Their DNA is helping revolutionize modern technology. A large number of repetitive DNA are found in genomes, they have been proven to be useful as the basis of several powerful tools in molecular diagnostics, medical microbiology and environmental microbiology. Also according to Discovery.com, databases are used to test evolutionarily hypotheses and they are able to trace back to the past with animal DNA profiles. They can discover beneficial findings and see how a certain animal has evolved into what it is today.
bryce_h_11

Con

Not all DNA databases are voluntary. Although they might be helping create new technology, what if it is used for the wrong purpose? New technology could be used for things like molecular warfare. New weapons could be created for the wrong use, which is not morally right. Hackers could be breaking into these databases, and using them for bad purposes. These people could do whatever they want with the DNA. You could be getting framed for something you didn't do because someone doesn't like you. These people could be switching up the DNA for no real reason.
Debate Round No. 4
vargas.samantha04

Pro

These things can be taken care of with simple security. If anyone were to want to break in, they would need a vast amount of intense training.
DNA databases have been a very important part in modern medicine. According to BBC, with a person"s DNA profile, doctors will be able to avoid drugs that are known to be toxic to people to people with a similar genetic make-up; this method will avoid mix-up with deadly conclusions. Along with, many countries can collect a newborn"s blood samples and screen it from diseases mainly with a genetic base. By doing this a doctor can identify a disease and treat it quickly instead of for symptoms to show.
At the moment, health service is just starting to offer genetics testing, but the future of technology is likely to be the central of healthcare. Sir John Bell, the chair of human genomics and strategy group, says, "To deliver genomic base medicine in the group, a database is necessary."
bryce_h_11

Con

The DNA could help with the medicine world, but it could hurt it if not handled carefully. Playing around with somebodies DNA could be dangerous if not looked at carefully. You could think that this new medicine you created is safe, but it could easily turn out the opposite.
These databases are an invasion of personal privacy. According to www.southernfriedscience.com, databases are intrusive to human rights. People are not necessarily acknowledged about why their DNA being taken. The government is basically stealing your DNA.
Debate Round No. 5
No comments have been posted on this debate.
No votes have been placed for this debate.