The Instigator
anoushkachakraborty2001
Con (against)
Tied
0 Points
The Contender
phoenixgoldfire
Pro (for)
Tied
0 Points

Deployment of Lethal Autonomous Weapons systems(LAWS)

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Voting Style: Open Point System: 7 Point
Started: 10/4/2015 Category: People
Updated: 2 years ago Status: Post Voting Period
Viewed: 379 times Debate No: 80501
Debate Rounds (3)
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anoushkachakraborty2001

Con

LAWS or Lethal Autonomous Weapons System are robots which can identify and kill targets on their own once activated without any further human intervention.
http://www.ohchr.org...
They are a direct violation of human rights as they do not need human authorization thus they can used against humanity itself.
phoenixgoldfire

Pro

In my opinion, LAWS are an effective way of stopping terrorism or other crimes in as short a time possible after they start or before they have even started. If a countrywide manhunt for a serial killer was happening and one of these weapons systems saw them, they would be able to either take them out or alert the authorities. However, there should also be tight controls on their deployment and a destruction switch/button should be created for each one of them. if there was a glitch in the software and it saw everyone as a threat, then there would be huge problems trying to shut it down or destroy it if there wasn't. However, if someone ripped out a gun/bomb in the middle of a crowded area, then the LAWS could neutralise the threat and save lives. on the other hand, there should be restrictions on their export/import to prevent them from falling into the wrong hands and strict international laws to prevent governments from using them against the masses.
Debate Round No. 1
anoushkachakraborty2001

Con

1)Lethal Autonomous Weapons System has not yet been developed and therefore there is no knowledge of what would be programmed into it or where will it be used. Till the time we do not know the answer of these questions we can not deem it as a device fit to be used.
2)" there should also be tight controls on their deployment and a destruction switch/button should be created for each one of them. if there was a glitch in the software and it saw everyone as a threat, then there would be huge problems trying to shut it down or destroy it if there wasn't."
As you said that there can be devastating effects of LAWS. Do you it is worth taking the risk of using these weapons and putting human life at stake? What if the switch does not work? What happens if these weapons fall in the wrong hands?
3)If these weapons fall in the hands of a terrorist organisation then it would be capable of destroying millions of lives and since LAWS are basically robots they have no sense of preservation they will kill people without cease.
phoenixgoldfire

Pro

south Korea has developed a semi-autonomous gun turret called the Samsung SGR-1. It can aim and select targets on its own, but needs a human to tell it it can shoot. It is currently deployed on the border with north Korea. There can be devastating effects, but these things can basically be airdropped into a hostile area, and programmed to not shoot anyone wearing a kind of badge or other item of clothing (like a US military uniform for example). we could drop these things into the ISIS front lines and by the time they saw the turret it would have destroyed the entire front line.
On the topic of the kill switch, the US military is bringing in GPS controls on its stinger missiles. This means that once the person at the air base selects the combat area, the missile will only work in that area. This means that if it is captured, it will not work outside of the target area. the target area can only be changed remotely, so if it was captured then it's working area could be set to the middle of the ocean, or some rural area in Antarctica. Also it is unlikely that they will not be encrypted.
Debate Round No. 2
anoushkachakraborty2001

Con

1)Even the Samsung SGR-1 can not distinguish between friend and foe and when used and it deems anyone who crosses the the line as enemy therefore LAWS can not be allowed to be deployed because if they shoot a friend rather than a foe. I fail to understand why they should be deployed at all?
2)What about glitches? How reliable is GPS control especially when the robot itself will be choosing its target area?
3)Also if we see this from international view point then not all nations can afford to develop LAWS so if a Developed nation like USA has a conflict with a developing nation then is the population of the Developing country to be mass murdered by LAWS?
4) LAWS have immense power and if this power falls in the wrong hands then there will be serious repercussions therefore it is better to neither develop nor deploy these weapons in the first place.
5) No innocent deserves to suffer and in a world where millions die every hour there is no need for LAWS to destroy many more innocent lives
phoenixgoldfire

Pro

phoenixgoldfire forfeited this round.
Debate Round No. 3
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