The Instigator
Jialiang
Pro (for)
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The Contender
IvorDude
Con (against)
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Developing countries should publish birth control policy

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Voting Style: Open Point System: 7 Point
Started: 11/29/2016 Category: Politics
Updated: 1 day ago Status: Voting Period
Viewed: 168 times Debate No: 97441
Debate Rounds (3)
Comments (2)
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Jialiang

Pro

"Most of the world"s population growth over the next century will be in Africa and Asia; in the other continents the population growth has already ceased."
----- Christa Brelsford
Nowadays, we always face the population problem. As we can see, population problem keeps happening in developing countries. Population bomb bring lots of problems to developing country, for example, resources lack, slow economic development, education faultiness, etc. In this debate, I want to argue about population control measures in developing country. Should developing countries publish policies to control the population?
Population bombs brings lots of problems, lack of resource should be one of the most serious problem. some developing country, some country in Asia and Africa, still have huge trouble on the population control. They have tons of people and they still don"t know how serious the problem is. The population bomb in these country bring lots of trouble, for example, lack of resource. As we all know, hunger still exist in Africa. Lots of children are on the brink of death. We all know that lack of resource was existed in Africa but why does this happened? Because of the population growth and economic lack. Although we know people in Africa should have some measures to control the population, but most people in Africa have no idea about family plan and birth control. So I think developing country should have population control policy to help people know more about birth control.
Some developing countries have population control policy, for example, China. China published "One-child policy" in 1979, which means each Chinese family can only raise one child. This policy had huge influence. Chinese government has to do this because China have huge population based and if the country doesn"t control it by law, China will have much more population than today. As the country with the largest population in the world, Chinese government use this way to help retard population growth. The one child per family policy do help China during 1980s and 1990s, Chinese development went faster and the nation had less pressure. This situation helped Chine on economic field and resource field. But things have been changed in China recently. In 2015, since China published new birth control policy, every family can have the second child. But because of the lack of resources and financial stress, lots of family choose not have the second child. This kind of situation may not happen decades ago, but nowadays more and more Chinese couples don"t want to raise the second child. "The birth policy is a fundamental state policy that China must uphold in the long run," (Gan, N. First one child, now two - but China's birth control policy is here to stay, South China Morning Post.)
The example I provide about China is a great example of birth control policy that was published in developing country, and cause positive effect. Family plan is very important for society development, but some people in developing country didn't realized why counties need have birth control. So developing countries need to have the population control policies to force people doing birth control.
IvorDude

Con

The reason that China was forced to implement a one-child policy was the form of government they were using, Communism, wasn't working. They were a developing, Communist, backwards nation that was having too many babies. It wasn't actually that many children though; their resources simply couldn't support a growing population because of the rife corruption and faulty bureaucracy. Had China had a working government and food distribution system, the one-child policy would not have been necessary. As most countries, especially developing, are not communist, this should not be a problem. Instead, the government of these countries should be revamped to more effectively support the population.
Debate Round No. 1
Jialiang

Pro

The other reason I think developing country should publish birth control policy is that the education resource of developing countries may not rich. Lots of developing countries don"t have ability providing every child to school. If they publish birth control policy, they can give more children opportunity to come to school. In some developing countries, family don"t let girls come to school. I know some of the reason is about culture and religion, but female education always affect countries" development.
From the research, we can know that most women who had higher education will implement a better family plan, they know how to take care of birth control and how to respect new life. Women without higher education may not good on this aspect. "Laxenburg, Austria - 28 July 2011 -- Future trends in global population growth could be significantly affected by improvements in both the quality and quantity of education, particularly female education." (Regan, L. 2011) From this article we can see that the population growth have lots of things to do with female"s education level. Because "more educated women generally have fewer children, better general health, and higher infant survival rates" (Regan, L. 2011)."The education was related to "human quality", which means education "affects health, economic growth, and democracy, these projections provide a more comprehensive picture of where, how, and under what conditions human well-being is increasing." (Regan, L. 2011). From the article, we can find out that if developing country provide more opportunity to female, the society will improve a lot.
"The population problem is integrally linked with justice for women in particular. Advancing gender equity, through reversing the various social and economic handicaps that make women voiceless and powerless, may also be one of the best ways of saving the environment, working against global warming and countering the dangers of overcrowding and other adversities associated with population pressure. The voice of women is critically important for the world's future"not just for women's future." (Mia. M. 2003) The author mainly discussed the measure to help woman have higher education level. The author believes that it is very important for young woman realize the responsibility they have for give birth and raise children. The author thinks that the primary education should have the duty to teach young girl about the life"s meaning and respects of people"s life. School should have sex educational curricula to lead young women realized the importance of taking safety measures during the sexual life. If developing countries can have more education resource for each child, the can make family plan education universal.
IvorDude

Con

Your second argument argues that if there are fewer children, there will be more children going to school. This is simply not true. If there are more children, there will be a smaller proportion of children going to school, but there will be many more children in school than if there are fewer children.
Basically, let's say you have 100 kids. They represent the children of the nation without birth control policies. Of the 100, let's say 65 go to school. That's 65%, and not a great number.
But now let's only have 50 kids. They represent the children of the nation with birth control policies. Of the 50, let's say 40 go to school. That's 80%, and a pretty great number.
But do you see the problem? Yes, the number is much better with fewer children, 25% larger. But the number of students attending school is much smaller, 25 students smaller.
If there are more children, more will go to school.
Also, the argument that women having more children is somehow
A). Denying them of having a voice.
and B). contributing to global warming
is nonsense. Global warming is factories. Unless women are giving birth to cars and factories, they aren't going to save the world by not giving birth as much.
Debate Round No. 2
Jialiang

Pro

I think one of the very important reason that developing country should have birth control policy is about environment. As we know, lots of developing countries, for example, China, has heavy pollution problem. The reason that we have lots of population issues is that we have so many people in developing country, and the cars, factories, trashes, become more and more. According to the resource: "The scientists said the issue of population and its impact on global consumption was often described as the "elephant in the room" - a problem that the world ignores as it is politically and ethically difficult to tackle." (McGrath, M. 2014)
IvorDude

Con

The pollution problem in China is indeed a problem. This is known worldwide. However, China is no longer a developing country. China has reached the point where water and food and electricity aren't as difficult to come by as is characteristic of a developing country. China has a population problem, yes; but their population is decreasing, not increasing. This makes it even more difficult to classify as developing. China has the second largest economy in the world. A developing country could not be so large and powerful. Basically, using China as your prime example of birth control is not valid because China is not a developing country. Finally, look at the consequences of their one-child policy. What was once a thriving population is now decreasing and aging. Rapidly. By 2020, the elderly population will have increased by 60%, and the population would be 400 million below where it would be if it had never instituted the policy. The one-child policy has cost China greatly, and now they will have to suffer the consequences of caring for a massive elderly population with a very small working population. That is what birth control policies do.
Debate Round No. 3
2 comments have been posted on this debate. Showing 1 through 2 records.
Posted by binkshimself 5 days ago
binkshimself
The reason China needed a 1 child policy was because of the horrible economic system (communism) implemented in that nation. Hong Kong was exempt from this policy, yet it continued to grow and became a beacon of economic growth and activity despite not having a 1 child per family law.
Posted by binkshimself 5 days ago
binkshimself
The whole reason there is a lack of resources in these nations is because of A) political instability, B) poor economic policies, or C) a severe lack of capital which hampers production (also related to poor economic policies). Population is not a significant problem in relation to resources. It sounds like you're promoting the Malthusian model of economic growth, which has been thoroughly refuted.
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