The Instigator
jujudebate
Pro (for)
Winning
3 Points
The Contender
DB8ISSUES17
Con (against)
Losing
0 Points

Development assistance should be prioritized over military aid in the Sahel region of Africa.

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Post Voting Period
The voting period for this debate has ended.
after 2 votes the winner is...
jujudebate
Voting Style: Open Point System: 7 Point
Started: 12/29/2013 Category: Politics
Updated: 3 years ago Status: Post Voting Period
Viewed: 1,331 times Debate No: 43105
Debate Rounds (4)
Comments (4)
Votes (2)

 

jujudebate

Pro

Round 1: Acceptance and defining words you deem necessary
Round 2: State your case/main points
Round 3: Refute your opponent's case
Round 4: Summary/Final Focus

*Note: questions may be asked in round 3 and are to be answered in round 4
DB8ISSUES17

Con

I gladly accept this debate. I believe it will be very interesting.

I would like to start by defining several terms to clarify the resolution, which begins with the term "development assistance". According to the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD), "development assistance" is classified as the transfer of resources (cash, commodities or services) which promote the economic or welfare development of the recipient. The term "prioritized" is defined by Merriam-Webster as "to list or rate in order of importance or need." Finally, the Encyclopedia Britannica defines "military aid" as "grants, loans, or credits to purchase defense equipment, services, and training . . . The aim of military aid is to assist recipients with a variety of security problems."
Debate Round No. 1
jujudebate

Pro

I believe that developmental assistance should be prioritized over military aid in the Sahel region for several reasons.

1) Many adults and children in the Sahel region are starving or malnourished.
As said by IRIN News, there are extremely high levels of malnutrition in the Sahel reason, not due to whether rain falls or not, but because of the poverty level that people are living at. Furthermore, a survey done by UNICEF shows that 1.5 million children under the age of five suffer from SAM, or acute severe malnutrition. But it's not just children who are suffering, UNICEF also estimated that 15 million people are affected from around the Sahel region from a nutrition crisis.
As my opponent defined, prioritize is defined as "to list or rate in order of importance or need". Immediate developmental aid is needed in the Sahel region to alleviate hunger and malnutrition. Hunger is not something you can put off until tomorrow. Tomorrow it may be too late to help those who are starving today. The nations of the Sahel are having a difficult time supporting their growing population on soil that is no longer adequate to support the farming done to feed their people, which leads to my next point of analysis.

2) The Sahel region is in need of agricultural teaching and aid.
In the same article by the IRIN, it states that CILSS (Permanent Interstates Committee for Drought Control in the Sahel) estimated that more than half of the working population in the Sahel is either working in or depends upon the agricultural section of society and is responsible for more than 40 percent of the region's collective GDP. It later says that in a society that depends on agriculture, the soil quality is critical. The Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) estimated that over 80 percent of the land in the Sahel is degraded by deforestation, overgrazing, continuous cropping, and desertification. A PBS summary also adds soil erosion, inefficient irrigation, over population and drought to the list of things that degrades soil. It says, "Parts of the region...are now more Sahara than Sahel."
Development assistance can help fund research on the Sahel region and how to improve its soil as well as build better irrigation systems and teach the farmers how to take care of and get the most out of their land. This will not only be good for the land, but it will help farmers support their families, help prevent hunger and famine and maybe reverse desertification.

3) Environmental issues are leading to problems in the city.
In PBS's overview of the Sahel, they say now that farms are having a harder time functioning because of the climate change, many rural workers are moving to the city, but the situation there is not much better. Open sewers, lack of electricity, running water and infrequent trash collection plague the cities of the Sahel.
As the environment continues to deteriorate, those living in the rural areas of the Sahel are beginning to migrate toward more urban cities. This has created an overflow in population, causing increased sanitation issues and a higher risk for disease and sickness. Development assistance would help clean these cities, providing better living conditions for the people of Sahel and fixing rural issues for the workers to return home.

4) Developmental aid targets the root of terrorism.
In an article by the American Journal of Political Science, it states that terrorism flourishes in places of low economic development. One of the models in the study concludes that policies that improve the economic situations in areas with potential terrorists decrease mobilization and undermines the terrorists ability to hire high quality operatives.
If developmental aid can hit the root of terrorism in the Sahel region without adding more weapons and troops' lives into the mix, it should hold priority over a route that just leads to more violence. By hitting the terrorists from where they obtain their power from, we can more efficiently and effectively eliminate the terrorism and bring security to the region.

Essentially, I believe that developmental assistance is of the utmost priority in the Sahel region, for the region and land its as well as the growing population living there. These people are impoverished, malnourished with no way out of the economic downward spiral they are in. Without the aid that would be provided by developmental assistance, people will die of starvation and disease. They will not be capable of making enough money to support themselves, their families or their land. There is no time to wait for military aid in the Sahel region when these people are starving. Developmental aid can help both the people and the region as a whole, helping with hunger, living conditions and security. What is the point of protection if there is no one left to protect? There is no point; we must prioritize the people, give them what they need to survive. The aid that developmental assistance can provide helps to combat the major problems of Sahel region peacefully. Thank you.

Reference:
http://www.irinnews.org...
http://www.unicef.org...
http://www.pbs.org...
http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com...
DB8ISSUES17

Con

DB8ISSUES17 forfeited this round.
Debate Round No. 2
jujudebate

Pro

jujudebate forfeited this round.
DB8ISSUES17

Con

DB8ISSUES17 forfeited this round.
Debate Round No. 3
jujudebate

Pro

I am not exactly sure what happened, but as my opponent has not offered any arguments or contradictions to my contentions, all my points still stand, so please vote for me. Sorry this wasn't a very interesting debate
DB8ISSUES17

Con

DB8ISSUES17 forfeited this round.
Debate Round No. 4
4 comments have been posted on this debate. Showing 1 through 4 records.
Posted by jujudebate 3 years ago
jujudebate
haha ok
Posted by DB8ISSUES17 3 years ago
DB8ISSUES17
*sigh* haha okay, I'll accept it when I get on the computer later
Posted by jujudebate 3 years ago
jujudebate
Nope :) this will help us in the long run!
Posted by DB8ISSUES17 3 years ago
DB8ISSUES17
*facepalm* you have got to be kidding me :P
2 votes have been placed for this debate. Showing 1 through 2 records.
Vote Placed by amik10 3 years ago
amik10
jujudebateDB8ISSUES17Tied
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Total points awarded:20 
Reasons for voting decision: Im disappointed that this debate didn't happen. I do public forum in real life, and wanted to see it debated on here. Just to let you know Pro what you were advocating for when you were talking about Malnutrition is Humanitarian Aid, not Development Assistance.
Vote Placed by Buckethead31594 3 years ago
Buckethead31594
jujudebateDB8ISSUES17Tied
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Total points awarded:10 
Reasons for voting decision: F/F