The Instigator
domdom2
Pro (for)
Losing
0 Points
The Contender
mcalcara
Con (against)
Winning
7 Points

Developmental assistance should be prioritized over military aid in the Sahel region of Africa

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Post Voting Period
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after 1 vote the winner is...
mcalcara
Voting Style: Open Point System: 7 Point
Started: 12/14/2013 Category: Politics
Updated: 3 years ago Status: Post Voting Period
Viewed: 5,394 times Debate No: 42391
Debate Rounds (4)
Comments (14)
Votes (1)

 

domdom2

Pro

Contention one: Military aid has caused instability in Darfur
Darfur is a region in Sudan the size of France. It is home to about 6 million people from nearly 100 tribes. Some nomads. Some farmers. All Muslims. In 1989, General Omar Bashir took control of Sudan by military coup, which then allowed The National Islamic Front government to inflame regional tensions. In a struggle for political control of the area, weapons poured into Darfur. Conflicts increased between African farmers and many nomadic Arab tribes. In 2003, two Darfuri rebel movements- the Sudan Liberation Army (SLA) and the Justice and Equality Movement (JEM)- took up arms against the Sudanese government, complaining about the marginalization of the area and the failure to protect sedentary people from attacks by nomads. The government of Sudan responded by unleashing Arab militias known as Janjaweed, or "devils on horseback". Sudanese forces and Janjaweed militia attacked hundreds of villages throughout Darfur. Over 400 villages were completely destroyed and millions of civilians were forced to flee their homes. Darfur is today continuing to suffer and the innumerable problems facing Sudan cannot be resolved until peace is secured in Darfur. According to UN estimates, 2.7 million Darfuris remain in internally displaced persons camps and over 4.7 million Darfuris rely on humanitarian aid. Resolving the Darfur conflict is critical not just for the people of Darfur, but also for the future of Sudan and the stability of the entire region. In the genocide, African farmers and others in Darfur are being systematically displaced and murdered at the hands of the Janjaweed. The genocide in Darfur has claimed 400,000 lives and displaced over 2,500,000 people. More than one hundred people continue to die each day; five thousand die every month. The Sudanese government disputes these estimates and denies any connection with the Janjaweed. According to the United Human Rights the weapons that were provided by the United Nation. This is a major example where military aid where military has been a huge bad idea.

Contention two: Attack the roots of terrorism.
There are two main reasons that there are terrorism in the Sahel region. There is Poverty and Hunger.
Poverty
When people have no money and are looking for ways to get money to have a life they turn to terrorism. In the Sahel region There are many terrorists who because war has ruined their homes this is their only option. By giving them food, medical supplies and build building for them we will eliminate that poverty. We need this to happen and in doing so it will reduce terrorism by 45% in the sahel region according to the study by the potomac institute. In order to reduce poverty we need a functioning government. In order to make one we need development assistance. By giving them this we make them stronger and are able to help fight poverty. If we provide more military aid then we will just make them want to fight harder because we are being more stricter. There for we need more developmental assistance.
mcalcara

Con

1. The Sahel needs Military Aid.
2. Military aid prevents terrorist attacks.
3. Military Aid helps keep people safe.

My first point is that the Sahel region is not stable enough to not have military aid The links between jihadi extremists and transnational criminal groups has been a major concern of the U.S. and Western powers in general. There is evidence that much of the cocaine and other forms of narcotics making its way into Europe originates from Mexican and South American cartels and is funneled through groups in the Sahel. According to EEAS, An urgent and a more recent priority is to prevent AQIM attacks in the Sahel region and its potential to carry out attacks on EU territory, to reduce and contain drug and other criminal trafficking destined for Europe, to secure lawful trade and communication links (roads, pipelines) across the Sahel, North-South and East-West, and to protect existing economic interests and create the basis for trade and EU investment. Improving security and development in Sahel has an obvious and direct impact on protecting European citizens and interests and on the EU internal security situation. It is therefore important to ensure and strengthen coherence and complementarity between internal and external aspects of EU security. The need for an a strong criminal justice system in the area is a major concern of the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime. According to, UNODC 2013: Representatives from Algeria, Burkina Faso, Chad, Libya, Mali, Mauritania, Morocco and Niger met last week in Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso, to agree on areas of cooperation for the next four and a half years to address the interconnected problems of drug trafficking, organized crime and terrorism that have plagued the region for the last decade. During a two-day long discussion, delegates agreed on a number of measures as part of a UNODC response strategy for the Sahel. Speaking at the meeting in Ouagadougou Dr. J"rome Bougouma, Minister for Territorial Administration and Security in Burkina Faso, welcomed the support given to the "UNODC Contribution to the UN Integrated Strategy for the Sahel" as a crucial step in kick starting the implementation of technical cooperation efforts in the region. "Terrorism, drug trafficking, and transnational organized crime are the main reasons why the crisis that started two years ago in the Sahel has deteriorated further and caused the citizens of the region to live in insecurity and even be displaced", Dr. Bougouma said.

My second point is that Military Aid prevents terrorist attacks. According to the NATO Review (Jan 25th), A concerted response by an international actor like NATO, possessing the diplomatic weight of 28 countries and the expertise of a Special Representative, could avert further violence and bloodshed. Coming from The United States Department of Defense, The Defense Department continues to work with nations in North Africa to promote security and increase stability in the region still feeling the effects of the Arab Spring, Amanda J. Dory, the deputy assistant secretary of defense for African affairs. And Libya, Tunisia, Algeria and Morocco are confronting instability and the U.S. military is working to build or strengthen their police and military forces, Dory told the Senate Armed Services Subcommittee on Near eastern and South and Central Asian Affairs. Finally, According to the Inter-University Center for Terrorism Studies, there have been less terrorist attacks since we put our forces in the Sahel. So this just puts it that military aid is in place and is effective. This is a job worth bringing the NATO into this using military aid.

My third point, is that helps keep people safe. For the average african what is more important: Building an economy and government, or protecting their own safety, and that of their families? While yes, an economy and government is necessary for long-term peace, african individuals are more in need of aid when it comes to the immediate, blatant threat to themselves, that needs to be solved as quick as possible. Also, we can"t have development assistance with terrorists in that area without any protection. So we need to have military aid prioritized over development assistance in the Sahel region of Africa. According to AllAfrica, our ally France is sending more troops to the Sahel region. The UN Chief States that northern Mali, a region seized by radical Islamists in 2012 before they were driven out by French-led forces. that the United Nations forces in Democratic Republic of Congo have launched unmanned aircraft to monitor the volatile border with Rwanda and Uganda, the first time UN peacekeepers have deployed surveillance drones. Also, German forces are assisting the Mali Army. With all of our efforts, we"ve had success. Lt. Col. Paddy Ankunda said the rebels are in the custody of the Ugandan army in the Central African Republic (CAR) where they defected from the LRA. Uganda has 2,500 soldiers supported by some "few" troops from South Sudan and the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC), as part of an effort to end the LRA rebellion, according to Ankunda. Military Aid Works, And we need to continue it.
Debate Round No. 1
domdom2

Pro

Alright to begin I agree with your first point on how we need military aid but the point is we need to know which one is more important and you just say that we need military aid therefor that cant be used if you want to use it say in the point that we need it more then developmental assistance..
Point two and three It more important to build the economy. The two main reasons people become terrorist is that they have little food and little money. They live in poverty and need this boost. Developmental assistance will bring food and money and since those are the main two reasons of people being terrorist, giving them more developmental assistance will reduce terrorism not military aid.
mcalcara

Con

In this Argument, I will attack my opponents case. My opponents first contention states that military Aid has caused instability in Darfur. This point is irrelevant to todays debate because my opponent talks about the militaries of the Sahel region, not Military aid from other countries like France, Germany, and South Africa. My opponents second contentions states that we should attack the roots of terrorism, which is poverty and hunger. But we cannot have food aid without military aid to protect it from those terrorist/extremist group.
Debate Round No. 2
domdom2

Pro

Now i will rebuild my case. First my opponent says my first point is irrelevant but its not. I give an example on how military aid has been bad but what you have to see is that Darfur is in the Sahel region and second were not talking about there military were talking about military aid in general from anywhere.
2nd i said we need both but we need for of developmental assistance for the fact with less developmental assistance we can't feed the people we put in or other people put in.
For these reasons vote Affirmative
mcalcara

Con

My opponent has stated that "Darfur is in the Sahel region and second were not talking about there military were talking about military aid in general from anywhere.", but the resolution states that "development assistance should be prioritized over military aid in the Sahel region of Africa." because i am the Negative side, I say otherwise and that military aid should be prioritized. Military Aid is other Militaries that are not from the Sahel providing Troops and Military resources. With my opponents 2nd contention, it will not work. My opponent is saying that we need to feed the people, but like i have said, we can not provide food aid to a region that has terrorists and extremists that will do anything to get that food. And our intentions are to get it to the people, not the terrorists. And the only way to stop the terrorists is to use the militaries. And therefore, we need to prioritize Military aid over Development aid in the Sahel region of Africa.
Debate Round No. 3
domdom2

Pro

domdom2 forfeited this round.
mcalcara

Con

mcalcara forfeited this round.
Debate Round No. 4
14 comments have been posted on this debate. Showing 1 through 10 records.
Posted by mcalcara 3 years ago
mcalcara
Correction- there are 77 total troops in the Sahel. Still, it is military aid, but it is not all that we can do for the Sahel, so we can have more than just 0.005% of our military in the region.
Posted by mcalcara 3 years ago
mcalcara
moneystacker, the best definition of military aid is from Wikipedia. Military aid is aid which is used to assist an ally in its defense efforts, or to assist a poor country in maintaining control over its own territory. Many countries receive military aid to help with counter-insurgency efforts. Or it could be given to rebellions to help fight another country.
This aid may be given in the form of credits for foreign militaries to buy weapons and equipment from the donor country.
Its basically saying that the aid is either troops, or supplies. Nothing about funding them. Please correct me if I'm wrong.
Posted by mcalcara 3 years ago
mcalcara
Debateee, I do not recall saying that the US has troops in the Sahel. I said that military aid in the Sahel is primarily European Countries like France and Germany. Along with South Africa.
Posted by moneystacker 3 years ago
moneystacker
Btw con Side look up what military aid is. It's not all just sending in forces and stuff. Infact most of it is funding, and projects and so far over 1 billion dollars has been put into it. If you back up that part of it then you don't have to fight any of the pro arguments against war.
Posted by Debateee 3 years ago
Debateee
That's straight up incorrect. The U.S. Most certainly has troops in the Sahel. The pan-sahelian initiative has been increasing U.S. troop presence since 2003
Posted by mcalcara 3 years ago
mcalcara
To my opponent, do you do PUF?
Posted by mcalcara 3 years ago
mcalcara
We put our troops in the Middle East. Not Africa. Only Germany, France and South Africa have troops in the Sahel.
Posted by mcalcara 3 years ago
mcalcara
After 9/11, of course, the terrorism went up. However, France put forces in the Sahel in 2012, when the decline started. The United States has never had forces in the Sahel region of Africa.
Posted by Debateee 3 years ago
Debateee
Kind of misrepresented. It's just a chart that shows a decrease in the past year but there's still a vast increase since 2001 which is when troop prescribes was increased most.

Plus right above it literally says "One cannot fully understand the impact of rising terrorism in North Africa and the Sahel without looking back to warning signs from previous years that exploded with deadly results in January 2013"

So terrorism isn't decreasing, even if it fluctuated a little bit. It's still generally increasing
Posted by mcalcara 3 years ago
mcalcara
Page 5. France put troops in the Sahel in 2012, and has decreased the terrorism level.
1 votes has been placed for this debate.
Vote Placed by Buckethead31594 3 years ago
Buckethead31594
domdom2mcalcaraTied
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Total points awarded:07 
Reasons for voting decision: F/F