The Instigator
goldman
Pro (for)
Tied
0 Points
The Contender
debater32
Con (against)
Tied
0 Points

Does a industrialized nation have a moral responsibility to end world hunger ?

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Voting Style: Open Point System: 7 Point
Started: 5/9/2012 Category: Society
Updated: 5 years ago Status: Post Voting Period
Viewed: 3,332 times Debate No: 23497
Debate Rounds (3)
Comments (1)
Votes (0)

 

goldman

Pro

In this debate 1st round is acceptance. 2nd round is main argument. 3rd round is rebuttal and conclusion.
I want to define key words. First is Hunger. Second is Moral. According to the Oxford English Dictionary (1971), hunger is a term which has mainly two meanings. One is the uneasy or painful sensation caused by want of food, craving apptite. Also the exhaused condition caused by want of food. Second is the want or scarcity of food in a country. Moral means socially acceptablel and reasonable. I hope someone who is interested in this topic accept this debate.
debater32

Con

I accept Pro's challenge and understand all of the terms/ conditions etc. Over to him for his main argument.
Debate Round No. 1
goldman

Pro

Con,thank you for accepting the debate. According to the statistics, there are 925million hungry people in 2010. Many of them are concentrated in Sub Saharan Africa and North Africa. The important thing is that many African countries depend too much on agriculture. Many people were engaging in growing agricultural products like rice and vegetables to lead a life. But unfortunately, many of their lands were bought and confiscated by the U.S. multinational companies which invested in agri-business. Agri-business is a agriculture which is mainly involved in food production, including farming, contract farming and seed supply. African farmers have been exploited by them during last three or four decades. They had to put up with low wages and long labor hours. Moreover, many products were exported to Europe and the U.S. Therefore, few agricultural products were left for local people. They have been facing shortage of foods, bad labor conditions and lack of financial resources to improve productivety. Serious hunger in Africa is caused by the U.S. companies which are seeking for huge profits by exploiting many local farmers of poor countries. Agricultural products sold in the developed countries are highly priced because consumers have higher incomes compared with those of the developing countries. Therefore, those companies can enjoy higher profitability. Big capitals of the highly developed country like the U.S. must be blamed for their immoral business conduct in the developing countries. They must pay attention to the importance of global social responsibility as a member of global society. World Bank and IMF are offering financial and economic aid for many African countries. However, more urgent task is that the U.S. government should establish strict business guideline which regulates anti-social behavior of big companies which are expanding their business into the developing countries. From above mentioned arguments, I believe the government of a industrialized nation like the U.S. must assume a moral responsibility by intervening in the economy to end world hunger, particularly in many contries in Africa. I am looking forward to reading the arguments by Con. Reference: http://www.worldhunger.org....
debater32

Con

Conventional wisdom is that a man needs 4 acres to successfully farm food for himself. The US, with a population of 313,508,000 people and 9,826,675 km2 of land, can sustain 133% of it's population. Africa has 1,032,532,974 people and 7467903193.382 acres of land, can accommodate approximately 180% of its population. In effect, Africa can sustain more people than the US. The reason there are so many hungry is because of lack of transport, lack of peace (Libya civil war and Syria uprising in particular) and corruption that disrupt the supply chain. We cannot intervene here because in the middle of a global monetary crisis, we cannot afford it. Libya cost over 3,180 MILLION $, the UK spending the most with $1500 million. How can we do this worldwide? We also must consider the fact that poverty is rated by www.worldhunger.org as the biggest cause of hunger. Nearly 25% of people in the UK are in poverty. How can we help other countries when we cannot help ourselves? Do we even have the right to do such a interfering and pompous act when we are not free of the same problems? My belief is that we do not.
Debate Round No. 2
goldman

Pro

Firstly, in my opinion the important thing is that the the one developed country can not end the world hunger and there are so many hungry in African countries. The main reason is the lack of efficient and effective transportation system, lack of peace and corruption that disrupt the supply chain as Con points out. Therefore, many people in Africa find it very difficult to get daily foods. Once upon a time they were employed by European companies which engaged in mining and exploiting the natural resources like minerals, copper and others. Their wages were very low as seen in agri-business invested by the U.S. companies. The reason is that many African countries were colonized and dominated by European countries like Briton and France. Therefore, many of them choose to immigrate to them. But, unfortunately, those countries can not accept them because of the recession. Therefore, I think the economic powers of Europe have a moral responsibility to end hunger in Africa. They must recognize that their prosperity and economic growth have been dependent too much on the hard work of people in Africa.
Secondly, it is true that nearly 25% of people in the U.K. are in poverty. However, the unemplyment benefit and social welfare program are offered in the country. But,unfortunately, safety net for the general public does not exist in many African countries. As I pointed out before, the U.K. had many colonial countries in Africa. Therefore, the country should take measures to save hunger there.
Thirdly, the developed country like the U.S. spends too much money on military build-up. Some of them must be used for eliminating hunger and poverty in the developing countries as the leader and the wealthiest country of the world from the humanitarian viewpoint.
Finally, poverty and hunger in Africa might trigger terrorism toward the developed countries. The reason is that the economic disparity between the industrialized, rich countries and the poor countries is widening. I believe people in the developing nations are dissatisfied with the close relationship formed by the big capitals of the West and the officials of their governments to share their benefits by exploiting their labor. Therefore, the developed counties must offer financial and food aid for the developing countries.
In conclusion it is probable that world hunger and poverty become a major cause of war and global terrorism. Therefore, the industrialized countries must shoulder a moral responsibility and duty to coping with them as the locomotives of world economy and the members of world society.
I am looking forward to reading Con`s arguments of round 3.
debater32

Con

debater32 forfeited this round.
Debate Round No. 3
1 comment has been posted on this debate.
Posted by debater32 5 years ago
debater32
Very good points raised, I couldn't argue his points!
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