Drinking age should remain at 21
Debate Rounds (5)
Personally I believe that the age of 21 is the correct time for alcohol to begin being consumed for many reasons. This debate is 5 rounds with 8000 characters max per round.
Alcohol is in fact a drug.
The definition of drug can be defined as any substance that is absorbed by a living organism that modifies the way it functions. Alcohol clearly affects the way we function. An example is how someone's BAC while driving for the most part directly correlates to a higher fatality rate. This is why driving under the influence is illegal.
The FDA or food and drug regulation is the administration that is responsible for setting the drinking age in America. Americas FDA is very strict which has many more pros but a couple of minor cons.
For an example the FDA regulates all American food products. People who work for the FDA constantly run test on all the foods we can possibly find in our local supermarkets. For an example the meat we find in our local supermarkets are packed individually and frozen at a certain temperature to make sure bacteria such as Escherichia coli which is potentially deadly is not found in our food.
The reason why I bring up this example is to show how the FDA or at least Americas FDA cares about our general well being. If we go to other countries such as China for example you will not see the meat even packaged. It will actually be sitting on a rack exposed to airborne bacteria as well as potentially deadly bacteria such as Escherichia coli.
Once again the FDA cares about our general well being. This is why they have laws passed regarding drugs. This is also why doctors in America are for the most part the only ones who can pass out many types of narcotics. If these narcotics are not taken properly they are potentially harmful to us in a large variety of ways. This is why many of these drugs are not found over the counter. Some of these drugs can be very addictive which essentially makes them deadly.
Alcohol can obviously be deadly. It can also create many other problems if consumed at an age where the brain is still developing. People claim an age limit is put on alcohol because the more mature age group can handle its effects. This might in fact be partially true, However I think the age limit restriction is placed to prevent damage to the brain that is not fully developed.
Because of the above I think it's safe to say that the FDA has its reasons for putting an age limit on alcohol use. There are many reasons why they are justified in doing so as well which I will get to in the later rounds.
I believe that alcohol is in fact a drug and that the FDA has strict rules over the drinking age. However, the FDA is not enforcing the drinking age. WE all know that 90% of college students drink in large amounts before turning 21. By setting a drinking age as a law, it only makes younger people want to drink before turning 21 instead of just giving them that right to experiment when they turn 18.
My opponent states, "Alcohol clearly affects the way we function. An example is how someone's BAC while driving for the most part directly correlates to a higher fatality rate. This is why driving under the influence is illegal."
This in fact is not true. A person over 21 is allowed to have a BAC level of 0.08 legally. If an 18 year old driver had any Alcohol in their blood they would be tried as an adult even though they under 21. Bringing me back to my legal court point.
Our bodies become fully developed when we turn 21. Studies show during this time drinking causes Neuorapoptosis which is essentially our brain killing its neurons. Also at this time in our development the liver hasn't been fully developed which plays a key role in the absorption of alcohol. Drinking can also cause cognitive impairment which is defiantly not worth the risk of drinking alcohol at a age before 21.
When I referenced the BAC I solely referenced it to show how dangerous of a drug alcohol can be which is part of the reason why the FDA has an age limit on it. I know its illegal to drive with A BAC of 0.8 or higher.
I would also like to see a credible source showing how college students for the following "By setting a drinking age as a law, it only makes younger people want to drink before turning 21 instead of just giving them that right to experiment when they turn 18". I don't think there is any survey available on this.
Finally for this round can you define "adult rights" and give an example. I don't think drinking would be categorized as an adult right but rather a privilege. I Presume you also think driving a car is a right? That also happens to be a privilege.
2. "Our bodies become fully developed when we turn 21. Studies show during this time drinking causes Neuorapoptosis which is essentially our brain killing its neurons. Also at this time in our development the liver hasn't been fully developed which plays a key role in the absorption of alcohol. Drinking can also cause cognitive impairment which is defiantly not worth the risk of drinking alcohol at a age before 21." This information is wrong because with more recent studies, they show that the brain is not actually fully developed til the age of 25. http://www.academic.marist.edu...
so what would differ between the brain development of a 21 year old and an 18 year old?
3. You are right. 90% of college students do not drink. It was wrong of me to throw random numbers out there. After some research, "college students under the age of 21, 82 percent report using alcohol within the past year and 69 percent report using alcohol within the last 30 days." http://www.alcohol101plus.org...
I think its safe to say that drinking alcohol satisfies this definition of privilege. So therefore drinking alcohol is in fact a privilege and not a right.
To further argue my claim you stated: "I understand driving is not a right, but a privilege". Doesn't the government pass a law by state regulating what age we can drive? Therefor it seems you are contradicting yourself saying "However, it is not a privilege because the government has created a law stripping anyone under 21 of that privilege. So in reality, drinking would be a right if government had not interfered". I assume this is what you are trying to say here.
Speaking in rights vs privilege terms in law terminology there is a huge difference. Every American has rights from the day they are born thanks to our bill or rights. A privilege however is a process of requiring something because it is beyond the advantages of most. If there is a requirement for any law in most cases this satisfies a privilege rather then a right. Unless listed in the bill of rights. For an example the right to bear arms. Keep in mind the bill of rights make up our natural rights.
When you stated that our Mind continues to develop until we are 25. You gave me even more evidence to support my claim that the drinking age should remain at 21. Thank you for pulling up credible source for the percentage of college students who say they have had an illegal drink before. I still think this data is very skewed however because surveying a specific population makes the variable to fixated which results in insufficient data.
Thank you for Debating with me to this point. I will end my rebutting here and end the final found with a closing argument.
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