The Instigator
Tharon
Pro (for)
Tied
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The Contender
alexzandravasquez
Con (against)
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Emryonic stem cell research

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Voting Style: Open Point System: 7 Point
Started: 4/10/2014 Category: Science
Updated: 2 years ago Status: Post Voting Period
Viewed: 857 times Debate No: 52130
Debate Rounds (5)
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Tharon

Pro

By definition a stem cell is an undifferentiated cell of a multicellular organism that is capable of producing more cells of the same type. The controversy surrounding stem cells and there usage is the way in which some of them are harvested, Embryonic stem cells are obtained through the leftover embryos after an abortion. The use of these embryos have some convinced that such research is a form of murder, however the embryo does not have a full moral status, it is not what we as a society consider to be a human. According to eurostemcell.org early embryos do not have the psychological, emotional, or physical properties associated with what society considers to be human. In fact a article published by nlm.nih.gov states that it takes up to 10 weeks for the embryo to from distinctive human features such as limbs, and other body parts. Also, the site provided that embryos do not have any feeling until near birth, all other movements occurring are simply reactions to the outside environment. Lastly, professor Michael Sandel of Harvard university provided a perfect scenario for deciding the moral status of an embryo, given the choice between a 5 year old child and a tray containing 10 embryos which would you save in a fire?
alexzandravasquez

Con

According to eurostemcell.org, an embryo is still human because it develops into a baby. It's a continuous process and any attempt to pinpoint when "personhood" begins is arbitrary. Although an embryo doesn't currently have the characteristics of a person, it will become a person and should be given the respect and dignity of a person. By taking embryonic stem cells out of an early embryo, we prevent the embryo from developing in its normal way. This means it is prevented from becoming what it was programmed to become-a human being. We protect a person's life and interests not because they are valuable from the point of view of the universe, but because they are important to the person concerned. Whatever moral status the human embryo has for us, the life that it lives has a value to the embryo itself.
Debate Round No. 1
Tharon

Pro

Of the 1.21 million women in America every year that get abortions according to about73.com over 50% are under the age of 24. Also, over 60% of these women say that they cannot handle the responsibility of having a baby, the baby has a serious medical disorder, or the baby was the result of an incestuous relationship or rape. If the adult is not ready for parenthood then the child will most likely be neglected and not raised in a proper home, much like if the child were the result of something horrendous such as rape or incest. Neglection in a child is defined as failure to give proper care for a child and provide all necessities according to americanhumane.org. The neglection of children will also result in severe mental and sometimes even physical problems, according to americanhumane.org 1000 children's death were associated with some sort of neglection. Though this is not always the case some abortions are also the only result for parents who have a child with a severe medical disorder. The emotional struggle of raising a child with a severe disorder such as Tay-Sachs or Neimann-Pick disease is far more than most parents will face in their life. After the struggle usually comes the appreciation for the child and the loving years that follow, but after the child passes another emotional block sets in. Lastly, the child with said deadly genetic disease will live life in and out of hospitals and in severe cases die before the age of 10, so is it more ethical to let a child suffer and struggle through life or to end their possible suffering before the child can experience it?
alexzandravasquez

Con

It is more ethical to end the child's suffering before the child can experience it. Fox news states that anti-abortion groups oppose research on stem cells derived from aborted fetuses. They reject the argument that since abortion is already legal and women will have them, that stem cells should be used from aborted fetuses because they would otherwise go to waste. Opponents of research on embryonic cells, including many religious and anti-abortion groups contend that embryos are human beings with the same rights-and thus entitled to the same abuse as anyone else. They believe life starts at the moment of conception, when a sperm fertilizes an egg, since a distinct organism has come into being. Plus the destruction of an embryo is the destruction of a human life. According to explorestemcells.co.uk, since the advent of stem cell research, one barrier to furthering stem cell research has been religion. The destruction of an embryo that occurs when embryonic stem cells are extracted has angered them out, who see it as "murder" or the destruction of human life. They support adult stem cells because it is the extraction from adult tissues and does not result in the destruction of an embryo.
Debate Round No. 2
Tharon

Pro

The potential of embryonic stem cells is limitless in the medical field, according to healthresearchfunding.org if embryonic stem cells received the proper research and funding it requires it could help up to 1/3 of the entire United States ' population. Embryonic stem cells are undifferentiated cells that in the whom differentiate in order to make up all of our internal organs, limbs, skin, etc. By using these undifferentiated cells scientist now have a way to potentially cure many fatal diseases such as Alzheimer, Parkinson, and even heart disease. These cells are are introduced into the the hosts body and they differentiate in order to replace cells that have been damaged. The national institutes of health said that embryonic stem cells can, again with proper research and funding, help us learn more about how undifferentiated cells become differentiated, which could lead to a possible lead to the curing of cancer. These cells can also act as a test subject for new narcotics and drugs, testings like these are already used today on different cell lines yet with the abundance and availability of embryonic stem cells a variety of tests can be done, and get animals out of testing laboratories. The national institute of health has also said that stem cells largest and most amazing potential is in using them in therapies. These cells because they can become several others are allowed to become skin for burn victims, or possibly limbs for disabled veterans, and even completely new organs for those who have organ failure. The potential in embryonic stem cell usage is limitless and with the abundant shortage of organ donors, people waiting for a transplant could possibly be waiting for years in order to have their life saved, but with embryonic stem cells they could be helped as soon as possible.
alexzandravasquez

Con

According to cbhd.org, scientist have been successful in using non-embryonic (adult) stem cells. In contrast to research on embryonic stem cells, non-embryonic stem cells research has already resulted in numerous instances of actual clinical benefit to patients. The belief that non-embryonic stem cells are less able to differentiate into multiple cell types or be sustained in the labs-has been repeatedly challenged by experimental results that have suggested otherwise. Though embryonic stem cells have been purported as holding great medical promise, reports of actual clinical success have been few. Instead, scientists conducting research on embryonic stem cells have encountered significant obstacles-including tumor formation, unstable gene expression, and an inability to stimulate the cells to form the desired type of tissue. It may indeed be telling that some biotechnology companies have chosen not to invest financially in embryonic stem cell research and some scientists have elected to focus their research exclusively o non-embryonic stem cell research.
Debate Round No. 3
Tharon

Pro

The use of embryonic stem cells for scientific research benefits the population more than simply disposing of them. Abortion though controversial does play a part in our society, according to about73.com over 1 million abortions occur each and every year in the United States, world wide it reaches anywhere from 30-40 million. The occurrence of abortion is inevitable, it provides a way for a mother who is not prepared or may have been sexually assaulted to avoid the strenuous task of raising an unwanted child. The abortion removes the early developing fetus from the whom, but what is done with the fetus afterward? According to afterabortion.com most fetus are simply disposed of rather than donated to scientific research. The fetuses are thrown in to a large container and sent to a bio-disposal company which than commences to cremate the fetus among with other amputated or thrown away body parts from the medical field. Rather than throw these away their cells can be harvested and put toward curing disease and helping others. The stem cells from each and every single one can go toward saving sever peoples lives, and instead they are treated like a dirty needle.
alexzandravasquez

Con

You mention that it's a way for mothers to rid of unwanted children. They were irresponsible enough to have unprotected; intercourse and then rid of the outcome. However, that is another argument. Government banning ESC use. According to annenbergclassroom, getting the cells for the research means destroying a human embryo; in other words, it means destroying a form of human life. This has set some of the public against it. A recent ruling by a federal judge has overturned President Obama's executive order, saying that it violated a 1987 law prohibiting the use of taxpayer money for any research in which a human embryo is destroyed. Joyce states that the government banned stem cell research, which forced scientists to use alternatives, like amniotic fluid cells. Alternatives are useless for one and amniotic cells can't be used on humans. "The discovery shouldn't be used as a replacement for human embryonic stem cell research", Dr. George Dale states. It is also a waste of money and time.
Debate Round No. 4
Tharon

Pro

Unlike adult stem cells, embryonic stem cells are more viable and usable by the scientific community. According to explorestemcells.co.uk adult stem cells are not as flexible as embryonic stem cells therefore they do not have the same potential and are difficult to culture. Adult stem cells are also confined to their organ or tissue of origin because they have already been differentiated. Also the national institute of health said that adult stem cells have a much shorter life span than embryonic ones, and though some may argue that embryonic stem cells are prone to rejection, scientific studies on humans have only been approved by the United States Food and Drug Administration. More research into the use of embryonic stem cells could potentially help 1/3 of the population.Also because adult stem cells are harder to culture and grow their is a far less amount available, however embryonic stem cells are relatively easy to grow and therefore are more abundant.
alexzandravasquez

Con

According to lifeissues.net, no one has a right to destroy embryos to do this research. We should push ahead with successful and ethical adult stem cell research which involves as destruction of embryos. Cbhd.org states that adult stem cells ( non-embryonic) are present in adults, children, infants, placentas, umbilical cords, and cadavers. Obtaining stem cells from these sources does not result in certain harm to a human being. Justin Wing questions on mlive.com, "Is it right to take funding from adult stem cell research, which heals thousands each year, to fund embryonic stem cell research, which provides no cures? How many people die each year because they lack the adult stem cells that can give them life?
Debate Round No. 5
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