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charlesfreiheit
Con (against)
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The Contender
Arkhamknight83
Pro (for)
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Genetic Modification to Humans

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Voting Style: Open Point System: 7 Point
Started: 3/31/2016 Category: Science
Updated: 1 year ago Status: Post Voting Period
Viewed: 413 times Debate No: 89038
Debate Rounds (3)
Comments (1)
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charlesfreiheit

Con

Imagine if you could choose what your baby looks like, make he or she healthier and smarter all at the same time. Well, believe it or not you can, this is called genetically modifying your baby or otherwise known as designing a baby. A genetically modified organism (GMO) is a plant, animal or other organism that has been changed using genetic modification (Source 3). Similar to nanotechnology GM breeding is used because it can change the genes of an organism in ways not possible through traditional breeding techniques providing opportunities for new plant varieties and animal breeds (Source 3). Unfortunately there is a harsh reality that the process of designing a baby is not always perfect and could even lead to a very angry and unpredictable child (Source 1). I personally do not think that genetically modifying a baby should be allowed. What do you think? Although it may help prevent genetic diseases such as cancer, it is not completely perfected and can have a bad effect on the world which can lead to unwanted social classes. Read this argumentative essay to see why I and many other don't think that genetically modifying your baby should be allowed.
One reason why I do not think that genetically modified babies should be allowed is because the technology used in the process is not 100% safe yet, it is only at the experimental stages (Source 1). Geneticists are not perfect people and cannot 100% properly evaluate every gene (Source 1). Therefore it is more than likely that mistakes will be made. This means that the genetic engineering itself may not work correctly. Choosing a certain type of gene, say for example hair color, may turn off a different gene such as eye color or nose shape (Source 2). This means that not everyone who did it would be guaranteed the healthy, smart, and beautiful baby that they would expect.
One more reason why I do not think that genetically modified babies should be allowed is because it would have a negative social Impact on world and create gauche connections between these people, it could even start whole new social classes and make life much harder for those who weren't genetically modified. As you may know designing a baby costs money, and will most likely continue to cost lots of money in the future. This cost will mean that not everyone will be able to pay to design their baby, and suddenly people will encounter prejudice and discrimination, not for their race, but for their inferior genetic makeup. It creates a new and unwanted class system made up of genetically designed people and naturally made people. The people who were not genetically engineered would experience a loss of opportunity based on a chance that their defective genes will be expressed. In this new society, people with a 50% chance of cancer would get passed over for a job in favor of the person with .01% chance of cancer (Source 2). That kind of social stratification can be frightening and world changing, making life much more difficult for many. It would also mean that for those who started poor would struggle to escape poverty or get a job just because there are other people that were designed to be healthier and smarter. Even if privacy laws stay the way they are now stay in place and people"s genetic information is not shared, it could still be obvious which children were designed and which were not, creating the same stratification (Source 2).
So now that you know some reasons why genetic modification should not be allowed here is the main reason why some think it should be allowed; It allows parents to give their child a healthy life (Source 1). One reason why some think that genetically modifying babies should be allowed is because it prevents genetic diseases such as Down Syndrome, Alzheimer"s, Huntington"s Disease, Spinal Muscular Atrophy, and many others (Source 1). Another reason why genetically modifying babies should be allowed is because it reduces risk of inherited medical conditions such as obesity, anemia, diabetes, cancer, and many more (Source 1).
In conclusion, there are many different viewpoints that can all be supported with evidence for the diverse topic of genetically modifying babies. Some say yes to genetically modifying babies because they say it can make healthier babies, for example it can prevent genetic diseases such as cancer. But others like me say no, because the process isn't perfected and can create bad and unwanted social classes that would have a negative impact on the world.

Continue to next page for sources

Sources

Source #1 - https://designerbabiesethics.wordpress.com...
This was a group who collected a group of pros and cons of designing babies from these following sources"
http://www.huffingtonpost.com...
http://designerbabies-information.weebly.com...
http://www.livescience.com...
http://designerbabies.weebly.com...
http://science.howstuffworks.com...

Source #2 - http://designerbabies.weebly.com...
The authors are four biology experts from the Georgia Institute of Technology

Source #3 - http://www.csiro.au...
Arkhamknight83

Pro

While I understand your position on this issue, I don't entirely agree to it. Yes, babies should not be modified. However, I do think that adults and children should be able to, as this could push science along years. As said by Nature.com, " For example, in the late 1990s, scientists discovered a gene that is linked to memory (Tang et al., 1999). Modifying this gene in mice greatly improved learning and memory". Moving and changing genes could significantly help humans.
Debate Round No. 1
charlesfreiheit

Con

charlesfreiheit forfeited this round.
Arkhamknight83

Pro

Arkhamknight83 forfeited this round.
Debate Round No. 2
charlesfreiheit

Con

charlesfreiheit forfeited this round.
Arkhamknight83

Pro

Arkhamknight83 forfeited this round.
Debate Round No. 3
1 comment has been posted on this debate.
Posted by Sipiri 1 year ago
Sipiri
You didn't phrase this as a debate; rather, you phrased it as an opinion piece. I'm interested in the subject, though not especially educated in the natural sciences. I could offer some counter-arguments to many of your opinions, but I need a central definition of what the debate is over. I am not prepared to debate a pro position for "Is direct DNA manipulation currently a safe and viable strategy for improving humans on either an individual or global scale?"

But I can offer to have a debate over "Could direct DNA manipulation be a safe and viable strategy for improving humans on either an individual or global scale?". This, of course, shifts the debate from current technology to one of utopian speculation. I'm also prepared to argue something like "Is direct DNA modification of humans immoral?" to which I would be arguing that DNA modification is not immoral. This would shift the debate from realty to morality.

You also ought to define your terms, especially "genetic modification" since that term is massively vague. Humans are already genetically modified via artificial selection. Our sexual dimorphism is a huge indicator, as are several other aspects. Bananas are genetically modified from their natural form simply because we humans planted the ones which we found to be more tasty, and thus cultivated new strains without resorting to direct DNA modification.
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