The Instigator
gc_chesterman
Pro (for)
Winning
7 Points
The Contender
mmichaen
Con (against)
Losing
0 Points

Genetic modification. Should it be legal?

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Post Voting Period
The voting period for this debate has ended.
after 1 vote the winner is...
gc_chesterman
Voting Style: Open Point System: 7 Point
Started: 5/22/2016 Category: Science
Updated: 11 months ago Status: Post Voting Period
Viewed: 334 times Debate No: 91674
Debate Rounds (5)
Comments (0)
Votes (1)

 

gc_chesterman

Pro

Genetic Modification should be legal due to the benefits to the crops increase survivability in various climates. as stated in the article "Genetically Modified Foods: Harmful or Helpful?" By Deborah B. Whitman. Genetically modified crops can be genetically modified to have an increased tolerance to pests, herbicides, cold and droughts. This will lead the crops to be better able to survive in ever changing climates. With climate change looming in the distance and being an ever increasing problem we face the need to adapt or die. Through being able to genetically modify crops we enable ourselves to evolve our food sources to suit our needs and secure our future. With increased drought and cold resistance crops will be able to be grown in harsher environments. With our population growing in conjunction with he changing climate we face the need to crop previously un-cropable land. Cold resistance and Drought resistance aids this. Also with increased pesticide and herbicide resistance, the productivity of these crops is able to be increased as they are less effected by these influences and therefore are able to be grown for greater yields and in increased volume. Therefore with increased productivity and ability to be grown the overall production of crops to feed and sustain our species is increased therefore aiding the continuation of our species.
mmichaen

Con

first let"s categorize where and how this will be used
commercially) in the agriculture sector people have already started changing the genetic make ups of basic corns and rice"s even things like tomatoes. what does this have the potential of doing? yes like you said it offers us to be in control of the resistances of our food supplies but it also brings forward the risk of the genetic modification going wrong and the gene that they were trying to manipulate doesn"t change a different more harmful gene is changed instead. at first some people are sceptic of the idea that scientists could screw up that bad but if we take a look into how they are genetically modifying these seeds we can see why. they are using, what is commonly known as a gene gun, a technique in which a gene is put inside Nano particulates of gold which are shot into the nucleus of a developing embryo. this is a shotgun type effect just delivering all the genetic material and hoping that the correct genetic material connects.
http://passel.unl.edu...
now looking at your whole point of how the crops will survive without genetic modification due to the dreaded climate change. plants and animals change their genetic material generation after generation to better suit the environment they are grown in and this will continue with or without genetic engineering so we don"t need to take that risk and the plants will survive with or without us.
so why would we not illegalise something that provides a risk to consumers for reasons that won"t provide but a small benefit to the farmer at such a great cost if it were to go wrong.
but let us see what will happen if your idea were to put to pass. genetic selling of things like corn seed or grass seed will be for sale to the masses how do you control this to those who want to stay GE free. let"s take the case of grasses say I am an organic farmer of cattle and then I hear that my neighbour who is also a cattle farmer has purchased GE grass to try improve the cattle and provide them a food source that is more durable. how do I as an organic farmer have any way to stop the grasses from my neighbour infecting my grasses ruining the organic image and product I am selling and creating. the answer is you can"t and that is wrong. taking the choice away from me the organic farmer on what I want to produce for my customers.
Research) i however think that for research purposes, universities and the likes should be exempt from such law, this is because the value of knowledge is great and much can still be learned from studying the building blocks of life.
but commercially all GE should be illegal.
Debate Round No. 1
gc_chesterman

Pro

From what you are saying I have read a lot of this may go wrong, this may cause negative effects and this may harm us as consumers. I have heard no this will and that we have seen this.
As stated on the article, http://www.theguardian.com..., crops have been genetically engineered to increase the health benefit to the consumers. They have been engineered to produce healthier oils, less and healthier fats, include vitamins and minerals that would not normally be produced within that species. With these healthe benefits able to be produce why is it that people are concerned with the health detrements cause, as stated by UMMC, there have been " ...no reports of illness or injury due to genetically engineered foods." http://umm.edu.... With no reported injuries or illness's where is this 'fear' coming from. Genetically engineered crops can be made to be healthier for the consumer and have been, so the point that you are saying that genetically engineered crops, and I quote, "...provides a risk to consumers..." is completely void.
With the issue of the spreading of genes from your neighbours, as stated on http://oregonstate.edu... there are trees genetically engineered that are sterile. Therefore the chance of these genes spreading onto a neighbours property or spreading in general are nill due to the sterility of the plants preventing the spreading of the genetically engineered corps. Therefore with regulation the genetically engineered crops are able to be introduced to the environment and have little effect on the environment and even a positive one.
The main result from genetic engineered crops is that their productivity is able to be increased. Their rate of growth and their yield is able to be increase due to the determinants of these characteristics in plants being genetic. http://www.yale.edu...
With the increase productivity and ability to grow in harsher environments I see that genetically engineered crops should be legalised. The current concerns are built around the fear of the unknown. And I see that this is no cause for concern. We have facts around the benefits though none on this concern
mmichaen

Con

mmichaen forfeited this round.
Debate Round No. 2
gc_chesterman

Pro

As stated genetic engineering should be legalised due to the following points:
- Genetic engineering increases the productivity of crops through the ability to alter the genes that control the yield of the crops, enable to the crops to grow in harsher climates and be less susceptible to cold, drought and other extreme environmental conditions that are beginning to occur more frequently around the world
- Genetic crops are able to be engineered to be more resistant to both pesticides and herbicides therefore allowing the better management of the crops and also further increasing the productivity of the corps.
- The crops are able to be genetically engineered to be sterile thereby reducing the chance of gene leakage into the environment. Nill environment impact.
- The crops have had no negative effect on human health.
- The crops are able to be genetically engineered to produce proteins, vitamins and pharmaceuticals therefore allowing an alternate way for humans to supplement there diets and manage their health.
mmichaen

Con

mmichaen forfeited this round.
Debate Round No. 3
gc_chesterman

Pro

gc_chesterman forfeited this round.
mmichaen

Con

mmichaen forfeited this round.
Debate Round No. 4
mmichaen

Con

however the negitives cannot be overlooked:
- Genetic engineering increases the productivity of crops through the ability to alter the genes that control the yield of the crops, enable to the crops to grow in harsher climates and be less susceptible to cold, drought and other extreme environmental conditions that are beginning to occur more frequently around the world - this then leads to farmers competing for better and better cows and it will become whoever is the richest will out-compete his/her neighbours leaving the food choices of the masses to very few hands.
- Genetic crops are able to be engineered to be more resistant to both pesticides and herbicides therefore allowing the better management of the crops and also further increasing the productivity of the corps - if everyone has a perfect crop there will no longer be any distinction between food qualities at your local budget to your premium export quality. this will drive the budget products up in price leading to make food more difficult t obtain.
- The crops are able to be genetically engineered to be sterile thereby reducing the chance of gene leakage into the environment. Nill environment impact - not all farmers will adhere to this as GE is expencive and wont wish to repete every new generation. also if a farmer who has an entire GE crop how will he breed out new animals
- The crops have had no negative effect on human health. - directly no indirectly in will cause detrement to out food and agrocultural markets. provide wide sread fear due to the sitgma around them and put every organic farmer under threat from losing their organic aim.
- The crops are able to be genetically engineered to produce proteins, vitamins and pharmaceuticals therefore allowing an alternate way for humans to supplement there diets and manage their health.medicinal and testing for GE i am personally ok with.
and yea you win
Debate Round No. 5
No comments have been posted on this debate.
1 votes has been placed for this debate.
Vote Placed by Axonly 11 months ago
Axonly
gc_chestermanmmichaenTied
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Total points awarded:70 
Reasons for voting decision: Pro wins due to FF