I believe that there should be no rules for space. My perspective of this is that space, is not owned by a country, nor government. So, who is to say what we can or cannot do in space? If someone were to colonize Mars, for example, they'd more then likely begin a new government. Take for example, the USA. The U.S., was formed by Britain and other "colonizing countries." However, when they got here, they had no "rules" to abide by. They didn't have to buy plots of land, and they surely didn't have anyone enforcing these rules. As I was saying, the people in the U.S., eventually broke away from their "father" countries and formed their own. This is the same of what may happen to space. However, currently, who is to say (they) own space?
I absolutely without a doubt believe that there should be rules, and regulations regarding space because if their aren't any rules or regulations then that means a country can do whatever it wants whenever it wants. such as deploying weapons in space violating, and threatening the sovereignty of other nations. Furthermore there would have to be some sort of international oversight in order for colonization of other worlds to become a reality, because there aren't any worlds in this solar system that can sustain human life like Earth can meaning the colony would have to depend on supplies. Also no single country on Earth could afford to establish a colony on another world so it would require international cooperation to fund such a project.
My opponent talked about developing a weapon in space. This, is already against the law. According the U.S.'s law, space is an open frontier to those with "good means." This means, that they could not build a space weapon. Also, there are thousands of debris orbiting Earth. So, if someone was to build a weapon in space, it'd be extremely difficult, if it wasn't done by a machine/robot. The debris can travel 5-10km per hour. Now that might not seem like a lot, but if you got hit by a peice of metal, the size of a nickel, you'd surely wake up with a head ache the next morning. My opponent also stated that a country could not afford to send people to another planet to colonize. Space X, a private company, will have people on Mars by 2025.
The con is stating that weapons in space are already against the law, and yet I find this untrue because according to this article http://www.slate.com... Not only are there no laws governing weapons in space, but it is actually a reality that nations can develop weapons in space which is why there absolutely need to be laws and regulations when it comes to space. My opponent also mentions how Space X is going to launch a mission to Mars, but I would counter that while it may be possible to put a man on Mars, it is not economically possible to colonize it as the Director of Nasa Sam Scimimie has stated.
The pro, in this argument has clearly never heard of the "Outer Space Treaty" or "The Treaty on Priniciples Governing the Activites Of States In The Exploration And Use Of Outer Space, Including The Moon And Other Celestial Bodies." The treaty was originally formed around the U.S., UK, and the Soviet Union, but, the law expanded out to become the international law. The treaty/law, clearly states that the use of (outer) space or other celestial bodies for the purpose of launching or creating a weapon of mass destruction. (i.e. http://en.m.wikipedia.org...) Also, , my opponent stated that NASA wouldn't colonize on Mars. He doesn't understand this process however. In which, landing on Mars, is only the first step.
Considering this is the final round I will say this has been a interesting debate, and I've enjoyed my opponents company. I've learned many things through this experience, and I hope he has too. Now my final arguments are that while the Outer Space Treaty prohibits the use of wmds It does not prohibit the use of conventional weapons which can still threaten the safety of other nations something that China has already demonstrated back in 2006 when thy proved they could blowup a satellite just with a surface to air missile. I would also like to remind my opponent that the Soviet Union had plans to colonize the moon, but failed at the cost of many lives. While it may be a great dream the technology, and funding for a colony isn't there.