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coaz1288
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The Contender
amendez2288
Con (against)
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IVF Debate

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Voting Style: Open Point System: 7 Point
Started: 4/22/2015 Category: Science
Updated: 1 year ago Status: Post Voting Period
Viewed: 443 times Debate No: 74008
Debate Rounds (5)
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coaz1288

Pro

The most obvious benefit of IVF is being able to conceive a child when unable to do so naturally. Many of those that suffer from infertility live in a depressed state. In a recent study fertile women were compared to infertile women; women with a 2- to 3-year history of infertility had significantly higher depression scores compared with women with infertility durations of < 1 year. (1) Even though they can adopt, there is no experience like convincing your own. IVF can provide joy and hope to those previously told that they would never be a mother. Also as a woman ages she loses the eggs in her ovaries. IVF can prolong the age that a woman can give birth so that she is ready and does not feel rushed into a decision. Similarly a woman could save the eggs of her mate and use them for a later.

(1) http://europepmc.org...
amendez2288

Con

Even though IVF has many superficial benefits, like the chance for infertile women to get pregnant, there are multiple problems couples will run into in when trying to conceive. According to research done by American Academy of Pediatrics National Conference and Exhibition in New Orleans, babies born via IVF significantly increase birth defect risk. Mostly in heart, eye, reproductive organs and urinary systems among the children born. Through this research, out of 4,795 babies observed after IVF and 46,025 infants conceived naturally, 3,463 babies presented with birth abnormalities. It was recorded even after controlling factors like, race, mother's age, etc., over 9% of babies appeared with birth defects compared to 6.6% of babies conceived naturally (1). The question still stand, if its worth conceiving a baby with a 2.4% higher chance of having birth defects after IVF?

(1) http://healthland.time.com...
Debate Round No. 1
coaz1288

Pro

With all medical procedures there are risks. These risks should be acknowledged and spoken about prior to the decision to try IVF. IVF is a relatively new concept that still need extensive research. nce IVF is undergone all risks are accepted by the participants and are taken into consideration. However there are some preventative measures that can be taken and new technology that can be used in order to ensure a healthy baby. According to Oxford Journals on Reproduction, the regulation and establishment of laboratory protocols have vastly decreased the number of failures in the lab.(1) Also new technologies promise better odds for a successful pregnancy. This includes preimplantation, assisted hatching, in vitro maturation, blastocyst transfer and vitrification. Preimplatation for example identifies embryos that might become "Problematic" and can be avoided. While the technology is being developed (2) there is much hope. Blastocyst transfer could also be able to increase the rates of a successful pregnancy without the complication of twins. By implanting the female with a high scoring blastocyst, "(64% of patients), implantation and pregnancy rates were 70% and 87%, respectively."(3) So as you can see this is only the start of IVF and new technology arises everyday streamlining the procedure.
(1) http://humrep.oxfordjournals.org...
(2) http://humupd.oxfordjournals.org...
(3) http://www.sciencedirect.com...
amendez2288

Con

Through IVF improvements, advancements in its technology also occurred. Such advancements, however do reveal several ethical issues. IVF allows for the problem of going against many religious belief on whether IVF procedures are "playing God." "Biotechnology is assuming a more predominant role in the generation of human offspring at the price of diluting our notion of man as a procreating being.... Man begins to see himself more and more as an individual who stands apart from what he produces, rather than as a being who is created in the image of a Triune God whose inner life is dynamically procreative." (2) This is a quote that further depicts the ultimate question on where will the lines be drawn for the future? Islam, Judaism, Confucianism, Hinduism, and most forms of Christianity and Catholicism continues to be one of the major world religion that unambiguously condemns the use of IVF. These multiple religions see this as a "destruction of life."(2) By being such a controversial topic throughout the religious words, it"s difficult to determine where scientists will see the unnatural development and the "super babies" they are creating could potentially be dangerous in the unknown and unethical in many communities eyes.

(2) http://www.crisismagazine.com...
Debate Round No. 2
coaz1288

Pro

Genetic screening can offer many benifits to a mother who wants to undergo IVF. This is because of the artificial nature of IVF and the new technologies surrounding the.practice. Say a mother has a disorder she does not want passed down to her child. In a normal pregnancy you could not choose if the child had the genes for the disease or not. However in IVF you can. This can be done by performing a biopsy on the blastomeres and seeing if they are normal. Due to the fact that many ore not normal it is imparative to identify problematic blastomeres. As analysis of 196 embryos (one cell in 38% and two cells in 62%), only 36% of the embryos were found to be normal on day (1) Not only can they prevent disease but they can increase the actual chances of a pregnancy by determining which embryos might die and not take.
(1) http://m.humrep.oxfordjournals.org...
amendez2288

Con

IVF is a procedure that involves not one or two embryos, but an extreme numbers of embryos are needed to be introduced and exposed. These embryos will then move on to the next cycle (3). With the unused embryos doctors more than likely either discard them or freeze them for later use. However not all couples provided information in guidelines to what procedures should be done with the excess embryos. It was also recorded that in England there is roughly 52,000 frozen embryos and more in other countries, that are frozen for years at a time (3). This may seem like a beneficial aspect for unsuccessful adults to still be allowed to keep trying with embryos they have frozen, but a lot of the times frozen embryos are forgotten. Some of the major issues that present themselves with freezing embryos is; that the span of time embryos have been kept in storage might have a lasting effect on the outcome of frozen embryo transfer and possible increase in fetal abnormalities. Fate of the stored embryos, if there is a death of couple who produced the embryo, is that the embryo is 'orphaned'. Possession of the embryos if the couple divorce, and safety of embryo freezing is then up in the air and more than likely to be frozen for a longer period of time and forgotten. (3)

(3) https://ispub.com...
Debate Round No. 3
coaz1288

Pro

I personally think that IVF can be a great asset to mothers who cannot concise naturally. However like all thing this practice must be regulated in order to prevent mishaps and possible ethical issues. First and formost anyone that ungergoes IVF should understand the risk involved in the procedure. This is a fairly new procedure that can produce good results in certain cases. In other cases oocytes might end up dead. IVF should also be handled in the most objective way as possible. This will allow the advancement of this technology without too much ethical turbulence. Anyone should be able to chose the best life for their child with genetic screening and IVF can make that dream a reality. Genetic screening is probably the most controversial topic pertaining to IVF however if treated like nothing more that a vaccine shot opposition will dwindle.
amendez2288

Con

In regards to IVF there are also many issues pertaining to the issue of having multiple births. According to an article, "Multiple pregnancies often lead to risky preterm births and other complications." (4) A healthy number of babies in a single pregnancy is around 1-4 babies. When the number of babies starts to exceed four, baby complications like; higher risk of preterm births, malnourished babies, and miscarriage occur. Some pregnancy complications that could arise are; pre-eclampsia, Caesarean section, and gestational diabetes (4). These problems arise because the human anatomy is an intricate development that originally is meant to hold one baby, however with the chance of more. An example would be in 2009, when Nadya Suleman, a single mother gave birth to eight babies in one day. With this event doctors were on edge because there was only one other occasion a mother gave birth to eight, however one of her babies died after delivery (5). The issue surrounding multiple births widely involves the possibility that the mother and children have a higher risk of death.
(4) http://www.nytimes.com...
(5) http://www.nytimes.com...
Debate Round No. 4
coaz1288

Pro

The sad reality is that there is too much opposition in order for IVF to flourish and develop certianly needs more research to back it up. IVF is in its infancy and help. Most of this opposition stems from the belief that conception is the start of life and it is sacred. Thus the killing of oocytes is unwarranted and morally wrong. If the current situation gets better then IVF has an exponentially large amount to improve and will probably be at the height of technology. With new technology coming out everyday IVF is not only made more cost effective but safer, efficient, and refined.

In conclusion I feel that IVF has a limitless potential and is the way of the future. No longer will we have to deal with passing down disease to our childern. No more infertile women, and most importantly no depressed mothers . There is too much stress in this work and a child is the last thing people are worrying about.
amendez2288

Con

In according to multiple cases, and recent statistics divorce rates are higher than they have been before. And with it comes to question, well what happens to the egg when the couple who underwent IVF gets divorced? Under law sperm and eggs are considered property of person it is produced from (6). In regards to IVF, informed consent forms are required for all clinics before procedures, but not always are they politically correct and or filled out properly and provide loopholes. In according to recent cases, men in a divorce fight for rights over the baby in regards that their sperm was used. However women also argue that they also contributed their eggs, and had to carry and incubate the child. Misconception declarations of the law in regards to the nature of any remaining cryopreserved embryos in the event of a divorce or death are not uncommon in clinic consent forms. "Embryos cannot be used to produce pregnancy against the wishes of the partner, without written consent of both parties." (6) According to laws, this is not completely true. It was concluded that in at least two courts there have been instances where judges ruled ex-wives to use embryos created during the marriage over the opposition of the ex-husbands. So under law, it is still unknown where to draw the time of ownership in cases of parents splitting up.

In conclusion, IVF is a very medically advanced form of science that could be considered too advanced and uncertain, to allow for benefits of IVF to out-way the harmful side effects and danger. IVF is a procedure that to the naked eye seems completely beneficial and harmless, but what isn"t seen are the high percent chanced of deformities, complications, death, etc.
(6)http://www.americanbar.org...
Debate Round No. 5
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