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awilliams7836
Pro (for)
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The Contender
rfavale
Con (against)
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IVF Debate

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Voting Style: Open Point System: 7 Point
Started: 4/24/2015 Category: Science
Updated: 1 year ago Status: Post Voting Period
Viewed: 516 times Debate No: 74149
Debate Rounds (5)
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awilliams7836

Pro

The benefits of performing an IVF procedure is that it can provide a way for infertile couples to conceive a child. ("American Experience: TV's Most-watched History Series." PBS. PBS, n.d. Web. 22 Apr. 2015.) It allows for infertile parents to conceive a child of their own because it is using their sperm and eggs. Another beneficial aspect of IVF is the possibility of preventing birth defects because scientists can take out the egg and sperm to examine and collect information on how to prevent certain birth defects. In the same article, it states, "Proponents also noted the possibility that knowledge gleaned from IVF would advance medicine in general, helping with prenatal care." Some reasons that a person might undergo IVF, is if the female has blocked Fallopian tubes, if a female has blocked Fallopian tubes it is difficult for the embryo to reach the uterus. Another reason is if a male has a low sperm count, it can be difficult for the sperm to fertilize the egg.
rfavale

Con

Although IVF is a popular alternative for couples who face infertility, there are many financial issues surrounding the procedure. Just the process of removing the eggs from a woman and mixing them with sperm from the man costs $12,000. Along with the process of gathering the eggs and sperm from the participants, medication is also required which costs anywhere from $3,000 to $5,000. After the eggs and sperm are mixed, the embryos undergo PGD, which is a screening to check for genetic or chromosomal disorders are present, and this step costs anywhere between $3,000 and $6,000. After the embryos are implanted in the woman, the entire process has cost about $20,000, for a 40-50% chance that the procedure works. $20,000 is a large amount of money to spend on one thing, and something that many couples can't afford. ( http://www.forbes.com... )
Debate Round No. 1
awilliams7836

Pro

There are financial issues that result from IVF procedure but according to article, In Vitro Fertilization (IVF) by the American Pregnancy Association, the success rate in performing the procedure for each IVF cycle in the United States is approximately 41-43% for women under age 35, 33-36% for women ages 35 to 37, 23-27% for women ages 38-40, and 13-18% for women ages over 40. ("In Vitro Fertilization (IVF): Side Effects and Risks." American Pregnancy Association. American Pregnancy Association, 24 Apr. 2012. Web. 26 Apr. 2015.)
The basic steps to an IVF procedure is first the women is given fertility medications to stimulate the production of eggs. Then the eggs are collected and the sperm is secured. Once this is completed, the sperm and egg are combined in a laboratory and stored for fertilization. After the eggs are fertilized these embryos are then transferred into the woman's uterus.
rfavale

Con

One advancement in IVF technology is PGD ( Preimplantation genetic diagnosis ). PGD is a new technology that allows doctors and researchers to examine embryos from IVF for genetic diseases. This raises many ethical issues because due to PGD, couples can choose which embryos they want, instead of leaving it up to chance. ( http://www.givf.com... ) Another ethical issue with IVF is the ability for couples to genetically modify the embryos to have specific traits, or to remove certain traits.
Debate Round No. 2
awilliams7836

Pro

However genetically screening of embryos can be beneficial to couples that have a family history of genetic diseases. If the couple has genetic diseases that run in their family history, screening of the eggs or sperm can be done in the IVF procedure. Using IVF and pre-implantation genetic diagnosis the conditions that were apparent in the embryos can be reduced. ( "Advantages and Disadvantages of IVF." IVF Sunshine Coast and Bundaberg Clinics. Fertility Solutions., n.d. Web. 26 Apr. 2015.) The couple also has a choice if the embryo has a genetic disease to continue with the procedure by proceeding with another IVF cycle. There is also an option to get a donor that does not have genetic diseases so they would not have to pick out certain traits but can find an alternative way if their embryos have the possibility of getting a genetic disease.
rfavale

Con

When undergoing IVF, there are usualy around 8 embryos that are created. Only 3-4 of these are implanted in the woman's uterus. All of the left over embryos are frozen and stored or can be destroyed depending on what the couple wants. One problem that arises with this is that if the embryos are frozen, they can be thawed and used again, regardless of who the woman is. Another issue is the custody of the embryos. Technically, eggs and sperm are custody of their respective owners, but when mixed together, many issues arise over who has custody. Another issue with this is if one person has custody of the embryos, should they be allowed to use them with another person?
Debate Round No. 3
awilliams7836

Pro

Although that option to destroy the embryos is available, there are alternative choices that are available for the couples to decide. Couples can decide to donate the embryos to other infertile couples thus giving another couple a chance at conceiving a baby. ("After IVF: The Embryo Decision." - RESOLVE: The National Infertility Association. RESOLVE, n.d. Web. 26 Apr. 2015.) There is also the option of donating the embryos to scientific research. By donating the embryos to science can help further research and knowledge on medical procedures. Couples can donate their embryos to stem cell research to help find cures for diseases. Another option is to store the embryos indefinitely if the couple can not decide on the other choices.
rfavale

Con

With IVF, 3-4 embryos are implanted in the woman for the reason that usually only 1-2 survive, in some cases all 3 or 4 have survived. In the case of "Octomom", the doctor broke protocol and implanted all 8 embryos into her uterus. All 8 embryos ended up surviving, but now she lives a tough life because he story was all over social media and the news and on top of that, she has to raise 8 kids at once now. Having multiple births with IVF, especially in the case of "Octomom", she must now raise all 8 children on her own and studies have shown that from the time a child is born to the time a child is 18, it costs around $250,000 or roughly $14,000 which is a lot of money for a single mother. Having multiple births not only has a big financial impact on a couple , but with the more children a woman has, the more likely there is a child that has a birth defect, which also causes more complications in the long run. Studies have shown that having multiple births also put the mother at a greater risk for complications during delivery. ( http://www.oneatatime.org.uk... )
Debate Round No. 4
awilliams7836

Pro

Yes, the reality of multiple births is that about 1 in 4 IVF pregnancies result in multiple births and over 20 % of all multiple births are resulting from IVF according to article, IVF-the risks. ("IVF - the Risks." IVF Risks. N.p., n.d. Web. 26 Apr. 2015.) Professor Peter Braude, Head of the Department of Women"s Health, states, "We can no longer accept that more than 1 in 5 pregnancies resulting from IVF are twins or more"" Due to the possibilities of getting multiple births from IVF procedures there are ways to avoid this from occurring. The procedures that most IVF clinics are now performing is to only transfer one embryo into the woman"s uterus rather than transplanting three to five embryos, this procedure is called Elective Single Embryo Transfer. There is also Blastocyst Culture and Transfer where the embryos are put in a nutrient-rich media for 5 days and this allows for the selection of the best embryos to implant. ("Avoiding Multiple Births in IVF." - RESOLVE: The National Infertility Association. N.p., n.d. Web. 27 Apr. 2015.)
In vitro fertilization offers couples who are unable to conceive a child due to health related issues the opportunity to have a baby. There are beneficial aspects that arise from performing IVF procedures and after the procedure has finished the couple has various options in deciding what to do with the excess embryos. Despite the arguments against IVF, there are many positive aspects of performing IVF and this procedure allows for couples to be able to start a family that they weren"t able to do so before.
rfavale

Con

Legal issues over the eggs usually arise when a couple gets divorced or separated. In most cases the man or woman wants the embryos destroyed and the other partner wants the embryos to be frozen. There are also some people who want the embryos to be frozen and donated to future genetic and medical research. The legal issues surrounding the custody of the eggs is solely based on what the couple can agree one. Very few states have a solid answer for who should have custody of the embryos because technically, sperm and egg are property of their respective owners. There is also an argument that the embryo is a form of life and has the right to life as well. Overall, IVF can be a very good alternative to natural reproduction, but there are many issues that arise when performing IVF. Some of these are legal and some are financial, but in the end, a couple should seriously consider the problems that come with performing IVF. ( http://www.macelree.com... )
Debate Round No. 5
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