The Instigator
kharkleroad
Pro (for)
Tied
0 Points
The Contender
Ttidwell1621
Con (against)
Tied
0 Points

IVF Debate

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Voting Style: Open Point System: 7 Point
Started: 4/25/2015 Category: Science
Updated: 1 year ago Status: Post Voting Period
Viewed: 331 times Debate No: 74186
Debate Rounds (5)
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kharkleroad

Pro

The best benefit for IVF can be stated like this: "The ultimate advantage of IVF is achieving a successful pregnancy and a healthy baby." (createhealth.org) The babies produced from IVF are normally rather healthy and the pregnancies are a blessing for couples with infertility. Couples with nearly all different kinds of infertility can be made into parents with this procedure. If a couple is unable to naturally conceive then they can still have their own, biologically related child. Also with the new technology available, the healthiest embryos are selected (fssc.com.au). This means that a couple can avoid having a baby with major health problems before the child even begins to develop. Also IVF allows single women, homosexual couples, and surrogates to have children without as much hassle. Without IVF, there was no chance of those groups to have children who were even slightly related to them. IVF is an excellent procedure for anyone looking to conceive.
Ttidwell1621

Con

Although IVF can have its benefits, there are just too many risks involved with it that make it problematic. Most women that decided to go through with IVF have some sort of reaction to the drug. It can be effects such as nausea, bloating, hot flashes, and ovarian hyper stimulation syndrome. ( http://www.nhs.uk... ) Babies born this way are also at a risk for negative health effects such as heart risks, behavioral disorders, and emotional disorders. There is also the risk of the mother having a premature birth due to her infertility. ( http://creatingafamily.org... ) This is why the IVF procedure shouldn't be conducted since it has too many risks.
Debate Round No. 1
kharkleroad

Pro

IVF allows doctors to bypass any problem that arises. It means that no matter if the females fallopian tubes are blocked or if the man has weak sperm, a child can still be made. The procedure makes sure sperm/egg contact is made successfully. Also it means that the couple won"t have to struggle with other, less effective methods of conceiving a child. As IVF becomes more developed, it allows doctors to find ways to help infertile couples conceive in the future and understand problems (lajollaivf.com). Every year, IVF becomes more effective. IVF simply goes around most problems with fertility.
Ttidwell1621

Con

Many ethical dilemmas can occur from the IVF procedure. For one it would eventually end the social structures set up by society. It would get rid of the whole idea of a nuclear family and having a family by traditional means. This idea could also pressure more women into having children as they have easier means of extracting DNA to where infertility isn't a strong excuse. The procedure can also be deemed unethical in many religious groups due to this process being unnatural. It would, in a sense, be "replacing the divinely ordained means of making life with technological processes" ( http://www.pbs.org... ) Babies born from this procedure would also become elitist of the next generation as they are chosen to have the best traits they can have. Compared with children that are naturally conceived, children born of IVF will be superior as their traits are not randomized. This would then create a split society between the elite and normal people.
Debate Round No. 2
kharkleroad

Pro

Genetically screening embryos enables the healthiest baby possible to be born, when the parents are ready. It doesn"t hurt a child at all. This means that parents will not have to struggle with the problems of raising a sick or disabled child. (lajollaivf.com) It doesn"t create elites, but instead a healthy generation with less disease, fewer disabilities, and stronger bodies. Also it allows couples to insure that their child has a high chance of surviving in the womb. Since there are multiple embryos, the doctors have a choice of which ones to implant. As technology develops, couples will be able to more specifically choose traits of their children as well, which could make some parents more satisfied.
Ttidwell1621

Con

During the procedure multiple embryos are created, but most often only one or two of them are used. The others are then frozen and stored and it is up to the parents to decide what to do with them, but this causes great controversy. Many people believe that each embryo is a life so it should not be frozen for later use. How do you chose which eggs to freeze and to use as they all represent a child? Afterwards there are multiple routes the parents can take, but they have issues of their own. Parents can freeze the eggs indefinitely, but costs will be extremely high. You can also thaw out and discard the embryos which has the ethical issue of destroying potential lives. Parents can also donate the eggs to other couples, but then that raises the issue of that technically that is still the original parents' child since they contain their DNA. ( http://www.resolve.org... )
Debate Round No. 3
kharkleroad

Pro

Embryos that are fertilized during IVF, but are not used should be stored. This way a couple who wants to use them to have another child can conceive without going through the entire process again.(fssc.com.au) It is really efficient actually. If a couple decides not to have another child then the eggs would be kind to donate. That way if a couple still can"t conceive then they can go through the wonder of pregnancy. If the couple doesn't like that idea, then the eggs should be destroyed without question. Couples should discuss beforehand what would happen if the two divorced. But what they want to do with their eggs should be of their choosing.
Ttidwell1621

Con

When doing the IVF procedure there are many times when the mother will actually give birth to more than one child. This is an issue since both the parents were only expecting and budgeting for one child to be born. This then means they must spend money they might not have to cover expenses. Besides money, having multiple births can also cause many risks in women. There is a higher chance of having a miscarriage, anemia, or heavy bleeding. Women are more likely to go into labour early and would need to get a Caesarean section in order to give birth. Women are also three times more likely to get gestational diabetes if they are carrying more than one child. There is also 25% chance risk that women carrying more than one child will develop pregnancy related high blood pressure. ( http://www.nhs.uk... )
Debate Round No. 4
kharkleroad

Pro

IVF may be slightly unpleasant, but no more unpleasant than trying to conceive naturally if there are problems. It involves the female receiving shots that suspend the menstrual cycle. Then she also receives shots of FSH that will cause multiple eggs to mature. Then another shot that contains LH that causes mature eggs to become ready for fertilization. Then there is an ultrasound where a needle is inserted and eggs are withdrawn. At some point the day before, the male partner"s sperm must be collected. Then the egg and sperm are mixed in a lab. Then they are inserted into the woman"s uterus. (shadygrovefertillity.com)
This procedure is such a small price to pay for the ability to be a parent. It ensures a healthy baby and bypasses any reproductive problems the parents may have. IVF opens a whole new world of possibilities. Also it allows homosexual couples and single women to have babies, whereas they never could without it. IVF is well worth it to become a parent.
Ttidwell1621

Con

In this day and age it isn't rare for couples to get divorced. With divorce always comes the problem of who gets what and who controls what. One of the possessions that can be debated for ownership are the other frozen eggs the couple have due to the IVF. Since both the father and mother contributed to the creation of the eggs, they both have an equal ownership over them. Although complications come in over who has more ownership over them and who decides what is done with them. For example, the mother might want to donate them to other couples while the father might want them destroyed. The production of these extra eggs causes too much legal issues on deciding on who has ultimate say over what. If the eggs had never been made in the first place than none of these, and any previous issues discussed, would have happened. ( https://books.google.com... )
Debate Round No. 5
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