The Instigator
lexierutkowski
Pro (for)
Tied
0 Points
The Contender
phiasquires
Con (against)
Tied
0 Points

IVF Debate

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Voting Style: Open Point System: 7 Point
Started: 4/26/2015 Category: Science
Updated: 1 year ago Status: Post Voting Period
Viewed: 366 times Debate No: 74229
Debate Rounds (5)
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lexierutkowski

Pro

In Vitro Fertilization is a type of insemination that offers previously infertile couples the opportunity to conceive a child that is genetically theirs and for the woman to carry the baby. With surrogacy (another woman carrying the child) or adoption , neither of those factors would be possible. A couple may turn to IVF if the man has a low sperm count or low sperm motility, the woman has issues with her uterus, Fallopian tubes, or ovulation cycles, or if either partner has unexplained issues. IVF allows for testing of genetic abnormalities for higher chances of a healthy baby, and increases the chances of pregnancy.
phiasquires

Con

Why might it be problematic for couples who have trouble conceiving naturally to undergo IVF

In Vitro Fertilization is extremely costly. For each round of this induced pregnancy, it costs $12,000. When young couples find out that they cannot conceive a baby on their own, they may not be open to this option because of the high amount of money they'd have to come up with. It's not plausible for new families. Another thing why couples wouldn't want to go though with IVF is the ethical sides of the procedure. You fertilized your egg with a sperm in a lab, and then have in implanted into the women's uterus. This baby isn't conceived naturally and is often times called "the test tube baby". It's not right to have a child that was created in a dish.
Debate Round No. 1
lexierutkowski

Pro

IVF, although it is extremely costly, but current 15 states mandate some kind IVF insurance under certain requirements, according to attainIVF.com. IVF is considered a last resort by most medical professional, and for couples who truly want a child the cost may be worth it. In reference to the argument that babies should not be conceived in a test tube, as I previously stated IVF is a last resort procedure for couples who have tried to conceive naturally, with fertility drugs, and even with artificial insemination, and IVF is never a first choice, it is a last resort for couples who truly want to carry their own child. Some of the other problems that arise from IVF, such as too many embryos being implanted resulting in an unsafe number of fetuses, are rare and do not happen when the couple uses a qualified medical professional and have educated themselves extensively on the issues.
phiasquires

Con

But what happens to those extra embryos that aren't used in the IVF procedure? During this, multiple embryos are implanted in the women's uterus, but not all that were fertilized in the lab are. Those are now future lives that cannot be used. Some say that human life starts at fertilization, and if that is true, those extra embryos are just discarded, throwing away lives. These major ethical problems is where a large amount of the controversy about IVF comes from.
Debate Round No. 2
lexierutkowski

Pro

Genetic screening in IVF embryos can be extremely beneficial. Unlike traditional pregnancies, IVF embryos can be screened for many genetic diseases. In many traditional pregnancies, fetuses have to be aborted or they die before they are born due to issues out of the parent's control. With IVF, there is an exponentially higher chance the woman will give birth to healthy baby. Screening does not harm the embryo, it simply tests it for genetic disease.
phiasquires

Con

(2nd Response)
IVF results in "designer babies". Now that our technology is advancing, scientists can now alter the genes in these embryos and select traits for these babies to have. These traits can be changed to reduce risk of disease and such, but it is completely unethical. Couples have their in vitro embryos screened for specific diseases and discard the ones that have or may carry that disease. Although this is great for making sure a couples child doesn't have some diseases, such as sex-linked diseases, but how is this fair. Having a child is a gamble. You don't know what you're going to get. But how is it ethical at all that some people can choose how healthy their child is going to come out and some have to deal with their sick children? It's cheating.
Debate Round No. 3
lexierutkowski

Pro

Although some embryos can be discarded, couples also have the opportunity to donate their unused embryos to other couples who are unable to produce healthy embryos, or can donate the embryos for use in science to make advancements in IVF that can benefit all couples that turn to the procedure to start a family. Embryos only consist of a few cells, and the earliest a baby has survived on record is 24 weeks, so in many circles these embryos are not considered to be living, So, if couples are morally against donating the embryos or terminating them, they have the opportunity to give another couple the gift of a baby.
phiasquires

Con

But what about the problems that can occur with multiple births? Women who go through with IVF procedures are at a higher risk of having multiple births, having more than one egg implant and end up with two unidentical twins. These types of births lead to pre mature babies and other diseases such as Twin-Twin Transfusion Syndrome (TTTS). This is when two babies share the same placenta and fuse blood vessels, causing one baby to have more blood flow than the other. These are more likely to happen when having an IVF procedure done, resulting in unhealthy babies.
Debate Round No. 4
lexierutkowski

Pro

IVF begins with the woman being given injections to help mature her eggs and regulate her ovulation cycle. Then the eggs are extracted just before they emerge from the follicles in the ovaries. This must be done at exactly the right time, or the egg will have a lower chance of forming an embryo. Then, sperm is collected from the male donor. The sperm and egg are combined in a laboratory under the correct conditions for the embryo to grow. After a time, usually about 3-5 days after fertilization, the embryos are implanted in the woman's uterus. Usually 4 embryos are implanted to increase the chances one will survive. In conclusion, I feel that IVF, although it should be considered a last resort, is a viable way for couples to concieve and carry a baby that is genetically theirs or using donor eggs or sperm. Although there may be ethical issues in some circles, the pros of this debate far outweigh the cons.
phiasquires

Con

Legal issues usually come up when couples get divorced. With the left over eggs, the argument of who gets them is the problem. One person may want the eggs and freeze them, one may want them destroyed. Each person technically have rights over the embryos since their sperm and their egg are a part of it. They fight over the rights because there are no laws in states on who gets the embryos. Although in vitro fertilization is a last resort for some couples who cannot concieve on their own, it's completely unethical. Making a baby in a lab, getting to choose which embryo you get, and just throwing away the extras is not what having a child is all about.
Debate Round No. 5
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