The Instigator
cnguyen2100
Pro (for)
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The Contender
rgarfias
Con (against)
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IVF Debate

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Voting Style: Open Point System: 7 Point
Started: 4/26/2015 Category: Science
Updated: 1 year ago Status: Post Voting Period
Viewed: 337 times Debate No: 74238
Debate Rounds (5)
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cnguyen2100

Pro

According to the article from http://www.lajollaivf.com......, "Anyone can Have a Baby". IVF gives a chance for anyone to have a baby regardless of family status or sexual orientation. Nowadays, single women, men, gay and lesbian couples can have children.

People who have infertility issues can have babies. Women with missing, damaged, or blocked fallopian tubes can carry successful IVFs. Men too can have issues with fertility, according to the article, they can have an "intracyctoplasmic sperm injection" (ICSI), to extract a single sperm and inject it into the egg"s cytoplasm.

IVF can increase chances of conception. Many couples choose in vitro fertilization because it helps them conceive more quickly.

IVF increases the chances of having a healthy pregnancy and child. In the article, "Pre-Implantation Genetic Diagnosis" it allows couples to identify any chromosome deficiencies before it is implanted into the uterus.

People can control when they can have the baby. This is because couples don"t need to try to get pregnant naturally. IVF gives couples control over when they could be pregnant and when it will be born.
rgarfias

Con

Although what you said may be true there are also many problems and risks associated with undergoing IVF.

According to the article from http://ideas.time.com... "When IVF Couples Regret Conceiving Twins" couples who undergo IVF have a 20%-30% chance of having at least twins wile regular pregnancies have about a 3.3% of having two or more babies. In the case of the IVF talked about in this article the parents were not ready for two children and for this reason IVF can be a lot harder on parents who expect only one baby when the chances of having 2 or more greatly increase (at least 17%) with this procedure.

As read on http://americanpregnancy.org... IVF can have a series of unexpected side effects and risks such as a 10 pound weight gain in 3-5 days, infection and damage to the bowel and bladder and like mentioned before the higher chance of multiple births. IVF can also bring up extensive medical costs as just one cycle ranges from $12,000-$17,000 and typical insurance plans don't cover fertility treatments. As couples grow desperate for a child they tend to fall in debt as IVF procedures usually require more than one cycle as highest success rates are only at 43% and the lowest at 13%. Due to the medical expenses necessary IVF proves to be much more expensive than a natural pregnancy where IVF is not needed.
Debate Round No. 1
cnguyen2100

Pro

Some IVF procedures that can help eliminate these problems are fertility medications that are prescribed to stimulate egg production. Multiple eggs are desired because (according to http://americanpregnancy.org...) some eggs might not be able to fertilize after retrieval. IVF stimulation protocols in the US (http://www.advancedfertility.com...) involve the use of 3 drugs. GnRH-agonist such as Lupron, GnRH-antagonist such as Ganirelix or Cetrotide. FSH product (follicle stimulating hormone for the development of multiple eggs), and HCG to cause final maturation of the eggs. These types of drugs will help prevent the development of multiple eggs. Also, it will help prevent the over stimulation of the ovaries which can lead to discomfort for the woman.

So the use of different fertility medications that are regulated will help prevent any damages or overproduction of eggs in the woman.
rgarfias

Con

According to "Ethics of Designer Babies" from https://embryo.asu.edu...; advances in IVF have made possible the creation of a designer baby, which encompasses selecting the sex of the baby, eye color, hair color, athleticism, height, and even athleticism. Making these designer babies would divide society into those than can afford to have these medical procedures done and those who cannot. This would lead to economic divisions creating genetic divisions and ultimately determine social hierarchy in means of the genetically modifies and those who aren't.
The article on this site also argues that parents already hold substantial control over the development of their children and these advances of IVF would ultimately give them too much and leave little room for the child to develop on their own with so much genetic influence on the behalf of their parents.
Debate Round No. 2
cnguyen2100

Pro

According to http://www.fertility-docs.com..., the analysis of embryos can help avoid serious genetic diseases. The genetic screening can decrease the chance of multiple birth and prematurity. There are over 50+ diseases that the genetic screening can test for. These screenings can detect sickle cell anemia which assures that a pregnancy will result in a baby without the disease. According to http://www.advancedfertility.com..., miscarriage rates are lower after the screening. The screening would help a couple if they are both carriers of a recessive disease (cystic fibrosis). Couples with balanced chromosomal translocation are normal, until they try to have a child. This is where the genetic screening would come into play, they would be able to transfer normal embryos with the correct chromosomes to reduce their risk for miscarriage and birth defects.

All in all, genetic screening would help decrease any diseases the baby could have, and prevent miscarriages.
rgarfias

Con

From the article "What happens to extra embryos after IVF" from http://www.cnn.com...; I discovered that excess embryos can either be disposed of, stored or donated. The majority of couples that practice IVF end up storing embryos, for various reasons. From a survey conducted 72% of couples who had stored embryos were unsure of what they were planning to do with the in the future. Within this survey there were some couples that stored their embryos just because they couldn't stand disposing of them. The rest of the couple planned to have them implanted in the future and others chose to donate them. The problems surrounding this is that couples are typically fertilized more embryos than will be implanted so there are always some left over. Couples everywhere face the choice of having to pay for the storage of their embryos every month or otherwise having to donate them or disposing of them. So the ethical problem is raised of whether not having the money to support unused embryos is reason enough for disposing of them or if donating them would be the better option. This also brings huge emotional stress on couples as they have to decide what to do with their extra embryos.
Debate Round No. 3
cnguyen2100

Pro

Of course when starting with the IVF treatment extra embryos may be possible. (http://infertility.about.com...) Rachel Gurevich says if the cycle isn"t succesful then those embryos can be forzen and transferred to your next cycle. But when the cycle is successful the parents would have choices on what to do with the extra embryos. One can save the embryos for another future transfer or you can donate the extra embryos to a different couple. Donating to a fertility clinic can be either open donation, maintaining contact, or a close donation, with no contact with the family. Donate the embryo to science would mean that the embryos will not become babies or children, they will be used to gain the knowledge of giving someone else a better chance at life. One can Thaw and Dispose the Embryos, or decide to keep the embryos frozen at a clinic. Disposing the Embryos will mean thawing them and discarding them as biowaste.
There are many ways to deal with the production of excess embryos. The hardest part is choosing which way to deal with it.
rgarfias

Con

There are many issues involved with multiple births, which more commonly than not involve the fetus rather than the parent. This issues involve low birth weight, premature births, and even death(miscarriages). This is all associated with the low availability of nutrients considering that they have to be divided among multiple fetuses rather than just one. Miscarriages are often associated with the mothers' body not being able to support the strain which multiple fetus impose on them. As stated in "What do I need to worry about with a multiple pregnancy" from http://www.asrm.org...; 1 out of 3 pregnancies with more than one fetus with will naturally reduce its number very early in the pregnancy, so for some parents this would already be like losing a child. Prematurity would have a great impact on the baby as in many cases they have problems with their lungs, stomach, and bowels. Issues like these may even result in death. Risks of pregnancy complications increase with every fetus in the womb as there are more chances of having toxemia, seizures, gestational diabetes, and even dying. This is due to the lack of nutrients in the mother available both for her and the fetuses.
Debate Round No. 4
cnguyen2100

Pro

The basic steps of IVF (http://americanpregnancy.org...)
1. Fertilization medications are prescribed to stimulate egg production.
2. Eggs are surgically removed.
3. Male is asked to give a sample of sperm.
4. Sperm and egg are mixed to fertilize. Then they turn into embryos.
5. The embryo is placed into the uterus of the woman.
The reality of having multiple births is 24% in all IVF's procedures ever (http://www.oneatatime.org.uk...)! IVF is the way to go for couples who cannot have healthy babies the natural way. IVF can prevent diseases from happening in babies before they can develop from the embryo. If one does end up with multiple babies, there are choices on what to do with them. IVF can help embryos be donated to science in order to further human societies and help other humans in need. The procedure is fairly simple only removing the sperm and egg cells to ensure that they will be fertilized. Carefully choosing which sperm and egg cells are healthy enough to produce healthy babies.
rgarfias

Con

There are many legal issues revolving around the ownership of eggs. One of the greatest issues is deciding who, in the case of a divorce or separation, gets to keep the eggs considering that a male sperm and female egg were required for fertilization. There are also cases where one of the parents wishes to keep the eggs but the other wants them disposed. The implications with this are also affected by who paid for the procedures to get done. Another issue involving egg ownership would be deciding who would be the better care taker of the eggs in the case that they were developed into babies. The final issue would be deciding what to do with eggs in the case that neither parent could pay to store them but do not wish to dispose of them. This information was gathered from http://www.asrm.org...; and along with the facts stated in the previous arguments In Vitro Fertilization is not beneficial because it raises many ethical issues like designer babies (social separation), an unsure future for thousands of embryos, and increases the likelihood of twins and miscarriages. It also increases the chances of harm to the fetuses and mothers, and the idea is too dominated by money and ownership to be socially stable due to those that have more money having the upper hand when dealing with issues involving IVF and life itself.
Debate Round No. 5
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