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amandaakaatee
Pro (for)
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The Contender
Cody_79
Con (against)
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IVF Debate

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Voting Style: Open Point System: 7 Point
Started: 4/26/2015 Category: Science
Updated: 1 year ago Status: Post Voting Period
Viewed: 1,488 times Debate No: 73867
Debate Rounds (5)
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amandaakaatee

Pro

The basic benefits of IVF (in vitro fertilization) are boosting the chances of getting a pregnant and bearing a child. When a couple can not conceive a child themselves, but still want a child naturally, they undergo IVF. A woman has the right to feel motherhood, to have a chance at motherhood in their life. They shouldn't have that feeling taken away from them. The feeling of a child in a mother's womb to them is one of the greatest feelings in the world. After finding out they can not conceive, women become depressed, because they waiting their life for that moment. IVF is the one chance couples have to have a child, and they should not be taken away from that chance.
Cody_79

Con

Couples who have trouble conceiving can be caused by problems with, "ovulation, blocked Fallopian tubes, endometriosis, PCOS, premature menopause, fibroid, thyroid problems and sperm problems." Information provided by jeanhailes.org.au.
Some of these causes, can be bypassed by IVF, but some others can't. For instance, scientists hypothesis that endometriosis may cause cells to release chemicals that interfere with the ability to conceive or affect early normal development of the embryo. IVF may or may not be directly affected by endometriosis, by can lower the success rate.. Adenomyosis can affect fertility, by the changes caused to the uterine muscles doesn't allow them to contract appropriately. Information comes from jeanhailes.org.au. Women under the age of 35 have a 39.6% chance of having a baby with IVF and women over the age of 40 have a success rate of 11.5%. Facts come from Jeanie Lerche Davis and WevMD Medical Reference. These are not really high chances, and many women suffer form depression, because the thought that you might have a baby, then find out that you can't or lost the baby, really hurts women. When women try and fail a few times, depression really starts to hurt them. It is a women's right to have and take care of a baby. IVF doesn't always work and could raise the hopes of couples, then break their hopes. There are many more problems couples can come across in IVF.
Debate Round No. 1
amandaakaatee

Pro

IVF is successful in treating infertility related to endometriosis (Many women who had endometriosis has Adenomyosis (http://www.webmd.com...#)). In most cases, laparoscopy is usually recommended to women who have mild or minimal endometriosis to increase fertility, however if pregnancy does not occur after that surgery, then IVF is the best choice. It makes it possible to combine sperm and egg to create an embryo. That embryo is placed in a women's uterus.
The process of IVF features the following steps. First off, the women takes hormones to trigger "superovulation" or produce many eggs at a time. After the eggs mature and are collected by the women, the collected eggs are placed in a dish with sperm for fertilization. The fertilized eggs are place in an incubator, then is transferred to the women's uterus after 3-5 days. Then it takes 2 weeks to know if t the fertilization worked. If successful, then the IVF has overcame the endometriosis and the couple can now have a child.
IVF is one the best ways a women can have a child when they cannot naturally conceive. (http://www.nichd.nih.gov...)
Cody_79

Con

IVF has a lot of ethical debates on whether it is right or wrong. One of the first debates is one that is not always mentioned. What is done with the extra embryos that are not used? "Report suggests that out of 150 attempts to implant human embryos only 4 actually were successful and only 1 was carried to term. Knowingly and willingly wasting human beings is unethical." Statistics come from The Internet Scientific Publications. People believe that once an egg and sperm become and embryo it is essentially beginning its life and is considered a baby. Many religions are against the taking of a life, even if it is just an embryo. Most people also find it in human for killing innocent life. When embryos are not used, the couples have the choice to either freeze, or destroy the embryos. Freezing them could allow them to use them later or donate to other couples. Another issue religion has is, it is not true pregnancy, because it was not achieved by sexual intercourse. The dilution of parenting is a growing issue, "Would the result of less physical and emotional contact in the generation of in vitro children weaken family bonding?" From The Internet Scientific Publications. They believe that it has the ability to separate genetic parenting from gestational parenting and from social parenting. Ethical issues are still growing.
Debate Round No. 2
amandaakaatee

Pro

Ethical issues are still growing, but the technology for IVF is continuing to improve year after year. PGD or Preimplantation genetic diagnosis is used for genetic testing the embryos before transferring the healthiest one to the woman's uterus. PGD has many benefits prior to IVF. According to the Advanced Fertility Center of Chicago, this can clearly benefit the couple who carry a gene that would put their child at risk for having a serious medical condition. For example, if both female and male are carriers of a recessive disease like cystic fibrosis, their child that is conceived naturally would have a 25% chance of having that disease. However, by having IVF and PGD, they can have normal embryos transferred so that there is no chance of having cystic fibrosis.
Another ethical issue that you stated, is how having IVF could weaken family bonding. Most of the time, the embryos that are being used are from the couple themselves, which turns to still be the biological parents, so there is no difference between the child and the parents. While some couples use other embryos from other couples, they still treat as if it's their own because they went through the natural process of pregnancy. There are no implications with IVF versus adoption when it comes to not blood related embryos. With in vitro, the mother is carrying the baby in her womb after implantation. The mother goes through the process of pregnancy, which increases the bonding between the child even if it's not her own embryo. Since the couple is unknown of the donor who donated the embryo, there is no problems with trying to hide the identity of the real parents are because the donors are all anonymous, majority of the time. It is not detrimental to the relationship of the child and the parents, if they went though the process of IVF.
Cody_79

Con

During IVF doctors combine an egg and a sperm in a laboratory dish, and then transferring the embryo to the uterus. There are many ethical issues in the thoughts and procedure of the extra embryos made for the IVF procedure. They make many embryos to increase the chance of pregnancy. There is usually around 3-6 left over embryos. The University of California in San Francisco surveyed 58 couples and found that 72 percent were undecided about the fate of their stored embryos. When it comes to dealing with the embryos, couples usually keep the embryos frozen and pay the bills. Couples shouldn't have to pay to keep their embryos frozen or actually keep their kids frozen. It is unethical, and wrong. Some couples donate their embryos to other couples, but then it is not that couples kids. The other thing couples do is they thaw out the embryos and let them have a "natural" death. This is one of the most controversial. People believe it is murder, and so do the couples, but they can no longer pay the bills, and no one has wanted to use their embryos. Couples can also donate their embryos to research, but then their babies are used for test subjects. All this comes from CNN"s Breaking News.
Debate Round No. 3
amandaakaatee

Pro

Couples have the choice to decide the fate of the embryos, but a study at University of Chicago showed that most infertility patients wanted to give their left-over embryo for research. Those patients believed that their embryo could help advance medicine for future generations. When donors give away their embryos to other couples that need it, they don't know where it ends up and who has them. The embryo was never fully developed so the donors never really had an emotional relationship with the child of the embryo. That embryo, when fertilized into the mother, has more of a connection with the mother who bares the baby than the donors. When donors give away their embryos, they increase the other couple's chances to have a baby. They have the chances to start life. The one thing that many people against IVF don't realize is that whether or not it is right or wrong, life is still being born and that technologies are advancing to make sure that all of those left over embryo's lives will be born.
Cody_79

Con

With IVF, there is a risk for multiple births. A women and her husband went through IVF and they got twins. The couple was not happy, because they already had a daughter, and lived in a two bedroom apartment. They didn't think they could afford twins, and were very upset. This story comes from The Internet Scientific Publications. Multiple births are caused because multiple fertilized eggs are placed into the uterus. Just like in natural fertilization, the body can activate and accept two fertilized eggs, the body can do the same during IVF. One woman actually had given birth to 8 children, because her doctor placed 8 fertilized eggs inside her uterus. Her body had taken to all fertilized eggs and then she gave birth to 8 children. Because IVF causes the doctor to have to place multiple fertilized eggs into a woman"s uterus, it increases her odds of birth and odds of multiple births. Multiple births cause in child neglect, as in adoption and kids living in orphanages. Multiple births could cause in poor living due to families not being able to afford more kids. Multiple births could be a bad situation for couples who are not prepared. In 2011 there were 3,816,904 natural single births, and 136,686 natural multiple births. With IVF comes an increase in the chances of having multiple births.
Debate Round No. 4
amandaakaatee

Pro

All of those problems arose from physician mistakes. The doctor need to double check and make sure that the right amount of embryo are being put in a woman's uterus. They have to follow those procedures precisely in order to make the process from beginning to the birth, as smooth as it can be. Despite all the ethical issues, IVF is one of the best ways for couples to have the babies they were planning to have. It overcomes all the issues because there are ways around the issues. The whole idea of IVF is to give the chance to future parents who need help expecting. The parents need to understand the side effects and the risk and become prepared on what can happen, just incase those certain issue arise. It may be a long process and maybe even difficult, but in the end, when the parent has that child in their hands, it will be worth it, and they can give those embryos away to help others feel that same way to or help research expand for future generations to come.
Cody_79

Con

"The individual or couple is asked to give written instructions concerning the disposition of the Gametes or embryos. The right to decide the fate of the genetic material and the identity of the person. The second factor that increases the weight of the right to decide is the importance and centrality of reproduction in the life plan of a person or couple." Ethics Committee of the American Society for Reproductive Medicine, 1994. According to the same source, if the couple separates, there is not specific procedure for the embryos. Both parties have to agree to keep the eggs frozen, or used in IVF. Although if one of the members of the party withdraws from the whole IVF, then the contracts signed are destroyed and so are the embryos. www.Dailymail.co. One couple decided to go through with IVF and failed. They had 2 embryos left and frozen. The couple ended up splitting and the ex-husband wanted the embryos destroyed, but the ex-wife wanted to keep them and use them so she could have the baby. Through some arguing and crying, The ex-husband wouldn"t let her go through with the procedure and the eggs were destroyed. This is a huge problem with IVF. The ownership of the embryos is unclear. It is a very sensitive issue, because men are less emotionally attached to Embryos and birth, because it is women"s natural instincts to protect children, and her life. Ownership of the embryos should be more clarified. IVF isn"t a fully accurate and developed procedure yet, and is still in its younger development. With further technology, IVF may improve in its success rates, and it should develop more clarity in its ways of dealing with the embryos to decrease in issues.
Debate Round No. 5
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