Debate Rounds (5)
Ever since the beginning of the human race, reproduction has always been done the 'natural' way. Human population grew from hundreds of people to as high as 7 billion people. To think as at least 100,000 people worldwide die a day, human birth is estimated to be three times more than the death rates. The orphan rates worldwide ranges around 20 million children. All of those children would love to have parents to adopt and care for them and the whole idea of IVF would completely take that dream away from them.
As for the cost, nothing can be done at the moment, but again, technology always moves forward. Just as phones once cost roughly 4000 USD at the time of release, the price will go down to it costing a few hundred dollars, especially as methods become more effective, and the medications for the process to start become cheaper.
But, for most parents, the cost is always justified. It cost 245,340 USD (based on a 2013 government report) to raise a child from birth to the age of 18. What are a few thousand dollars added to this cost if it all adds up to a massive amount. A child is an investment, but you need to put something in to get something out. A child will bring their parents happiness and laughter, a long with a massive amount of pride if their child is successful or not. To them, it was worth every penny.
IVF technology also gives the parents and doctors the power to play God. Reproduction of a new human life is a miracle. It shouldn't be taken for granted by science or by anyone else. Their time spending on developing test tube humans should instead be spent on finding the cure for other diseases. Also this technology is lowering the position of human kind. What used to be a miracle of life can now be easily made in test tubes and that pretty much lowers the humanity's value in this universe.
You also mention the orphans, which supposedly spend their whole lives in the orphanage. This is not the case, as they leave when they are 18. The cost to adopt one is almost double that of IVF, so if the parent would rather choose between their own flesh and blood, or for a child they barely know, they would choose their child before others
Going back to the number of embryos developed in the petri dish, the legal number of embryos that are allowed to be implanted in the uterus is a maximum of five to prevent excessive births, so what happens to the extra embryos that were formed? They'll just be thrown away? Majority of the world populations are Christians who believe that once a sperm and egg joins together, it's a new beginning of life. Even other religions respect that idea so those embryos that were believed to be a "reject" would just be thrown away. Seeing it in the eyes of those who believe that it's a beginning of life shows murder just like abortion.
If the embryos aren't thrown away, and were all implanted in the female's womb, and all were fertile, that would lead to a few birth defects due to the lack of some nutrients. A woman has her own limit and too much may just kill her.
The number for most IVF pregnancies use lower counts of eggs, such as 2-3, which will not put too much strain on the woman's body. If this round fails, then they come back to have another round of eggs implanted, all the way until they are finished with the eggs collected from the first trial. They can choose to stop, or continue with the same process in a hope to have a child.
As for the frozen eggs, one can compare them to seeds, as they are preserved for future. Please do not regard this statement as calling children crops, all I am trying to say is that if the pregnancy is successful, but something still happens to end the child's life, like if the child is born, but dies because of a car accident, the parents can try again, like seeds for the future.
The amount of eggs able to be implanted into the human body is already regulated, especially after a certain mother had 8 eggs implanted, which all survived to labor, and are still alive today. The amount of strain placed on the body during normal birth is immense. Imagine feeling that 8 times. This is the reason that it has high regulation, as to protect the woman's life.
Imagine each couple reproducing eight children on one single birth, imagine what would happen to the world's population. Population nowadays often arises complications due to land and/or food sources and what if giving birth to that many children was made possible? In the past, genocides occurred due to the desire to lower down the population of those who were unwanted. Overpopulation may and would trigger that idea of killing thousands or maybe even millions of people once again.
The process is actually quite simple when you take a close look at it. First , the woman is given a daily dose of hormones to stimulate follicle production and to signal to the body to start releasing eggs. Second, comes the extraction of the eggs by micro pipettes, which are then mixed with sperm from the father to begin forming embryos. They are left to incubate, and a few days to a week later, they identified as having a serious chromosomal issue or not. The healthy ones are implanted, with the rest of the healthy ones being frozen, and the unhealthy ones being disposed of properly. The woman is given more hormones to encourage the growth of the uterus lining, and the embryos are implanted. A few months later, a child is either born, or the pregnancy never happens. The process can then be repeated or stopped whenever they want.
Again, the chance of it being successful is not the best, but the first mobile phone did not have wireless connection. Over time, the procedure will get better, safer, and cheaper than it ever was before. To quote a movie about choosing genes, "life finds a way", and with this procedure, we are giving parents the chance to have a child that they otherwise would not get. Who knows, maybe test tube babies, as you called them, will become the next fad, or maybe even artificial wombs. Every thing starts from somewhere, and artificial reproduction has to start from something. This will one day be the key to a healthier world, with no disorders or genetic diseases. All we can do is wait.
People overtime always find new ways to change something natural to something manmade. From lakes to test tube babies. There will always be those with plans to take full advantage of this new development. More than likely that one day, someone would use this development to reproduce and start creating an army without worrying about the number of death casualties due to the knowledge of having "extra embryos" to use. Living a long healthy life is one of the things that many people dream of. However, what if someone discovers through this development the possibility of recreating someone who can live eternally. Those people can either bring prosperity to the new world or a complete disaster.
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