If Socrates should or shouldn't have drank the hemlock
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Socrates does have a viable reason to consume the hemlock because he has nothing to fear in death. In fact he embraces it. In "The Phaedo: Virtue and Socrates' View of Death" it is discussed that with death come the separation of the body and the soul which to a true philosopher is something to rejoice because "for the body is a source of endless trouble to us by reason of the mere requirement of food; and is liable also to diseases ...it fills us with love, and lusts, and fears and fancies of all kinds..."
This type of action that Socrates had committed, in the way that you have described them as, to would be a very extreme form of civil disobedience. Though in order for civil disobedience to take place, you have to have been wrong in some way shape or form. The only wrong done to Socrates is the fact that the city of Athens put him in prison and placed false charges against him. Socrates proved himself innocent of his charges, what justification is their for Socrates to commit suicide as he did?
Note, I don't label Socrates' death as a death sentence or death penalty but a suicide. A death sentence is given to those who commit horrendous crimes against society and the best punishment for their crimes is to be sentence to death, whether it be by euthanasia or hemlock or electric chair. Socrates, as proved in "The Apology" committed no crimes against Athens, so why was he put to "death" of his own free will?
No matter whether he embraced the idea of dying to be good or bad or felt indifferent of it, it still no need for one to voluntarily act on these ideals. Socrates had no reason to kill himself as he did
Though it is true that he may undergo similar circumstances wherever he chooses to migrate to, he is still alive to spread his ideas and teachings among those that are willing and/or able to receive them. With his socially contracted obliged suicide, we are left with only few of the scripts and teachings received by others from him. We have no literature from himself to pass his teachings on to other generations. That in itself is an injustice which could now never be reversed.
This is why Socrates should have never drank the hemlock.
While it is truly a shame that we may not have everything of Socrates and his teachings, but we do have some or else he would not be mentioned in philosophy classes. However whether that itself be an injustice has no direct effect on whether or not he should have drank the hemlock. Fact of that matter is he was given a fair trial, was seen as guilty and due to his social contract was obligated to kill himself therefore he did. Whether it be a suicide or a death sentence he was sentenced to death so one way or another it had to be done.
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