The Instigator
sbrodishaquino
Pro (for)
Tied
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The Contender
AtyourServis
Con (against)
Tied
0 Points

In vitro fertilization

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Voting Style: Open Point System: 7 Point
Started: 4/22/2015 Category: Science
Updated: 2 years ago Status: Post Voting Period
Viewed: 186 times Debate No: 74010
Debate Rounds (3)
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sbrodishaquino

Pro

In a 2010 census conducted by the Columbia Doctor's Center for Women's Reproductive Care, more than 111,000 same sex couples are raising adopted, step or biological children. Having a child is a huge milestone in any couple's life. Thanks to the science of in vitro fertilization, same-sex couples don't have to miss out on that. Not to discredit adopting or having step children, but there is a special something about having a child with a mix of both parents' genetic codes and raising it from birth. In vitro fertilization gives same-sex couples that opportunity to be able to say "oh her nose looks like yours" or "you get your athleticism from your dad". But this technology is not just for these couple, they are also for the many couples who find it hard to conceive. According to Leslie Goldman who was formerly infertile herself, "one out of eight couple battle infertility." Normally the emotions running through the couple are feeling guilt as if it was their fault they weren't on track to becoming pregnant. That devastation is easily remedied with in vitro fertilization. Overall, in vitro fertilization provides an opportunity unlike any offered to generations before to start a family and have a beautiful experience as parents.
AtyourServis

Con

Although IVF sounds like a relativity safe option for couples that can"t conceive naturally it can lead to a plethora of problems later down the road. Studies have been conducted that show that in vitro fertilization can lead to multiple ailments and disabilities in both the mother and the child. The mother has an increased chance of high blood pressure while pregnant that can lead to preeclampsia, which is a complication that pregnant woman gets due to high blood pressure, that in turn effects can organs and can lead to death if the baby isn"t delivered, and is 2 to 3 times as likely to develop gestational diabetes, which is when a pregnant mother, how hasn"t have diabetes in the past, gets diabetes during birth because the hormones that are being used during growth and development inhibit the mother insulin from working properly leading to both the baby and mother having extremely high blood pressure, prompting a lack of infantile development and possible childhood obesity. The mother can also experience a great pain with an IVF, higher than a natural pregnancy, because she can develop OHSS, or Ovarian Hyperstimulation Syndrome, that is caused by an excess of hormones being introduced into the body, from hormonal injections for in vitro fertilized ovaries to allow them to survive, causing the Ovaries to swell up and become extremely painful. The mother can also have an ectopic pregnancy, meaning that the ovaries don"t go all the way down into the uterus to develop and start maturing in places like the Fallopian tubes or cervix causing internal bleeding and death of the mother if not treated quickly. The children are also severely affected by IVF, according to Professor Michael Davies, from the University of Adelaide's Robinson Institute, "Compared with spontaneous conceptions in couples with no record of infertility, singleton babies from assisted conception were almost twice as likely to be stillborn, more than twice as likely to be pre-term, almost three times as likely to have very low birth weight, and twice as likely to die within the first 28 days of birth." along with an increase in a chance of mental retardation. With IVF the couple isn't guaranteed a perfect child to how they want it, in fact they are not even given a guarantee that they will even have a baby. In vitro fertilization is not perfected and leads to too many maternal and infantile complications.
Debate Round No. 1
sbrodishaquino

Pro

According to to an article in the Times titled How Healthy are IVF Babies?, a study conducted in Sweden showed that only 7 out of 100,000 more IVF children experience cognitive deficiencies. The article suggests this has to do with the unnatural manipulation of sperm into egg in a petri dish and to resolve that problem, doctors are finding new ways to combine the genetic material in a more natural manner to reduce the risk of neurological issues down the road. Science is never perfect, however the IVF procedure and outcome is safe. As more and more procedures are done, doctors will find improvements that can be made so that only a few years from now IVF procedure will be as near perfection as any human can make it. About 5 million kids around the world were made in a petri dish and are perfectly healthy. Others may have not have been as lucky, but that is no different from how some naturally conceived children have disorders and some don"t. In fact, "in a study from March, for example, researchers reported that neurological problems among IVF babies were more likely brought about by factors related to infertility and not the treatments themselves". In making any medical decision, one must weigh the risk against the reward. In this case, IVF has a slight more chance for issues for the child and mother, however the reward of having the child far outweighs the off chance of these issues occurring when in fact it isn"t unheard of for a naturally conceived child to have them as well.
AtyourServis

Con

AtyourServis forfeited this round.
Debate Round No. 2
sbrodishaquino

Pro

sbrodishaquino forfeited this round.
AtyourServis

Con

AtyourServis forfeited this round.
Debate Round No. 3
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