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sbrodishaquino
Pro (for)
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The Contender
AtyourServis
Con (against)
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In vitro fertilization

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Voting Style: Open Point System: 7 Point
Started: 4/22/2015 Category: Science
Updated: 1 year ago Status: Post Voting Period
Viewed: 423 times Debate No: 74013
Debate Rounds (5)
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sbrodishaquino

Pro

In a 2010 census conducted by the Columbia Doctor's Center for Women's Reproductive Care, more than 111,000 same sex couples are raising adopted, step or biological children. Having a child is a huge milestone in any couple's life. Thanks to the science of in vitro fertilization, same-sex couples don't have to miss out on that. Not to discredit adopting or having step children, but there is a special something about having a child with a mix of both parents' genetic codes and raising it from birth. In vitro fertilization gives same-sex couples that opportunity to be able to say "oh her nose looks like yours" or "you get your athleticism from your dad". But this technology is not just for these couple, they are also for the many couples who find it hard to conceive. According to Leslie Goldman who was formerly infertile herself, "one out of eight couple battle infertility." Normally the emotions running through the couple are feeling guilt as if it was their fault they weren't on track to becoming pregnant. That devastation is easily remedied with in vitro fertilization. Overall, in vitro fertilization provides an opportunity unlike any offered to generations before to start a family and have a beautiful experience as parents.
AtyourServis

Con

Although IVF sounds like a relativity safe option for couples that can"t conceive naturally it can lead to a plethora of problems later down the road. Studies have been conducted that show that in vitro fertilization can lead to multiple ailments and disabilities in both the mother and the child. The mother has an increased chance of high blood pressure while pregnant that can lead to preeclampsia, which is a complication that pregnant woman gets due to high blood pressure, that in turn effects can organs and can lead to death if the baby isn"t delivered, and is 2 to 3 times as likely to develop gestational diabetes, which is when a pregnant mother, how hasn"t have diabetes in the past, gets diabetes during birth because the hormones that are being used during growth and development inhibit the mother insulin from working properly leading to both the baby and mother having extremely high blood pressure, prompting a lack of infantile development and possible childhood obesity. The mother can also experience a great pain with an IVF, higher than a natural pregnancy, because she can develop OHSS, or Ovarian Hyperstimulation Syndrome, that is caused by an excess of hormones being introduced into the body, from hormonal injections for in vitro fertilized ovaries to allow them to survive, causing the Ovaries to swell up and become extremely painful. The mother can also have an ectopic pregnancy, meaning that the ovaries don"t go all the way down into the uterus to develop and start maturing in places like the Fallopian tubes or cervix causing internal bleeding and death of the mother if not treated quickly. The children are also severely affected by IVF, according to Professor Michael Davies, from the University of Adelaide's Robinson Institute, "Compared with spontaneous conceptions in couples with no record of infertility, singleton babies from assisted conception were almost twice as likely to be stillborn, more than twice as likely to be pre-term, almost three times as likely to have very low birth weight, and twice as likely to die within the first 28 days of birth." along with an increase in a chance of mental retardation. With IVF the couple isn't guaranteed a perfect child to how they want it, in fact they are not even given a guarantee that they will even have a baby. In vitro fertilization is not perfected and leads to too many maternal and infantile complications.
Debate Round No. 1
sbrodishaquino

Pro

According to to an article in the Times titled How Healthy are IVF Babies?, a study conducted in Sweden showed that only 7 out of 100,000 more IVF children experience cognitive deficiencies. The article suggests this has to do with the unnatural manipulation of sperm into egg in a petri dish and to resolve that problem, doctors are finding new ways to combine the genetic material in a more natural manner to reduce the risk of neurological issues down the road. Science is never perfect, however the IVF procedure and outcome is safe. As more and more procedures are done, doctors will find improvements that can be made so that only a few years from now IVF procedure will be as near perfection as any human can make it. About 5 million kids around the world were made in a petri dish and are perfectly healthy. Others may have not have been as lucky, but that is no different from how some naturally conceived children have disorders and some don"t. In fact, "in a study from March, for example, researchers reported that neurological problems among IVF babies were more likely brought about by factors related to infertility and not the treatments themselves". In making any medical decision, one must weigh the risk against the reward. In this case, IVF has a slight more chance for issues for the child and mother, however the reward of having the child far outweighs the off chance of these issues occurring when in fact it isn"t unheard of for a naturally conceived child to have them as well.
AtyourServis

Con

While it"s true that science and technology will always be advancing, what is not true is that the progression will stop. There are ethical considerations that will be looked over because there will be money in the procedure. The average cost for an IVF procedure is about $12,400 and that is with all of the current issues with the procedure and pregnancy, when we are finally able to eliminate all of the fatal and scaring obstacles that IVF procedure is suffering from, how much will it cost? As the technology progresses so will the corruption within the ranks of the soon multi-billion dollar company that people will be able to buy designer babies from. The company will be playing God in a situation that I believe humans have no business meddling in. With all the power that designer babies have, society will be unfair to anyone who cannot afford to be born in those conditions as displayed in the movie Gattaca. Along with designer babies comes genetic modification, where geneticist will have to replace DNA from the parents to make the perfect child, who will eventually look nothing like the parents and further limit the gene pool for its offspring. Although this may seem like an odd example to use, the entire series of Jurassic Park is based of in vitro fertilization of dinosaurs and clearly pointed out that in the movie anything bad that could happen did happen, they couldn't control this new breed of predators and proved how unpredictable life is. Humans have yet to edit the Human genome to the extent of making a perfect human being and that is exactly what the progression of power and corruption will lead to. The first batches of designer babies will be abominations due to inexperience in altering human genes but when the product is perfected those "humans" will be on top and control everything while the "imperfect" humans will be segregated and shunned.
Debate Round No. 2
sbrodishaquino

Pro

The genetic screening of embryos can be extremely beneficial. It allows for a healthier evolutionary change of the human gene pool and spares some of a genetic mishap that may leave them with a devastating disease. People who are born with dwarfism often worry that when they have children with others like them, their child will have a double dominant gene that would result in the child dying. a genetic screening of this would spare the heartbreak of parents losing their child, as well as the pain and suffering of the child as they died. The first baby born after a genetic screening of IVF potential embryos was a boy named Conner (Linda Geddes, New Scientist). His parents had their batch of embryos testing so that they could choose the healthiest one. Obviously, parents always want the best for their children and tis provides them an opportunity to sway nature in the favor of their child. In addition, it eliminates any guilt a parent would feel by passing on a disease to their children.
AtyourServis

Con

While an IVF procedure may be beneficial at the time later there are serious issues on what to do with excess embryos. There are three major ways you can deal with the embryos: you can destroy it, you can freeze it, or you can donate it. This is an extremely difficult decision for infertile couples because these are basically their kids, their future. The IVF operation is very expensive and it"s highly unlikely that a family would be able to afford the procedure again. In a CNN interview Andrea Cinnamond said," "I thought I was going to be calm and casual." And she was, until the first bill arrived to keep the embryos frozen. "I was petrified," she says. "There was no practical reason to keep them. I just wasn't ready to make the decision not to keep them." She paid the $600, hoping that her thoughts would crystallize as time passed. This year, she's paying the bill again" according to studies 72% of infertile couples are unsure about what to do with left over embryos. If the family donates the embryos to science or destroy them some feel that they basically aborted the babies and prevented a life from coming into the world. If the family decides to donate the embryo to another infertile couple then the question pops up if that child will be neglected or not truly loved as much because they are not the couple"s real child. The last option is to keep the embryos in storage under ice but this costs an expensive $40 an month and can be a heart breaking decision to have to let them die off if they cannot afford to keep them alive anymore. Deciding what to do for the embryos has been described as,"the hardest decision I"ve ever had to make" and is rightful so because they are determining the future of their offspring.
Debate Round No. 3
sbrodishaquino

Pro

Options of what to do with excess embryos are numerous. According to CT Fertility, frozen embryos can be discarded, used by others, used in the future, or donated to science. The donation to others is probably the most admirable option for the simple fact that usually inn this case, it"s for a couple who can"t afford the entire IVF process and can only afford implantation. The donation for science allows scientist to find cures for ailments, perfect IVF, and overall advance scientific technology. Having embryos stored for later use is a very logical option, and allows for the parents to give their child more siblings and avoids the controversial topic of what is considered life. By religious standards, the destruction of embryos is equal to murder. However, the embryos haven"t been born yet, they are nothing more than a tiny seed. Also, others shouldn"t be held to religious standard that they don"t necessarily believe in. The issue is an ethical one, and due to the embryos not feeling pain when they are responsibly discarded, it is ethical to do so.
AtyourServis

Con

Multiple Pregnancy is a very plausible situation that a mother can find herself in from an IVF operation. This is because of all of the embryos that are implanted have a chance to mature into a fetus. Multiple births can be extremely painful for the mother and result in having far more kids than couple wanted. The average amount of eggs inserted is 2-3 so if the mother is only planning on having one child she can instead have triplets. With having a multiple pregnancy the children are 60% more likely to be born prematurely, gives a 3 times higher chance of preeclampsia, and if they are triplets then the rates increase even more for birth defects. If the risks are too high for the other babies, or the couple believes that they will not be able to keep and healthily support all of the kids, they may have to abort one or more, which can lead to damage to both the mother and other embryos.
Debate Round No. 4
sbrodishaquino

Pro

The Advanced Fertility Center of Chicago illustrated the IVF procedure is simple terms: basically, a woman"s eggs are harvested and then mixed with harvested sperm from either a donor or the significant other of the woman. In same sex couples, the genetic material from eggs and mixed together in one egg. In both couples, the embryo is implanted in the uterus and then the mother gives birth to their child. This will always raise an issue about whether or not we are playing God or if it is religiously right, but the truth remains that is unethical to hold others to your personal beliefs. IVF gives more much opportunity to those whom nature has been cruel to being deeming them infertile- this isn"t debatable-and it isn"t up to others to make decisions for someone"s body and choices for their life.
AtyourServis

Con

WHile its true that people should have control over their own lives they dont think about others lives that they may be effecting. Besides just physical and emotional problems, there can also be serious legal problems. While there are a ton of legal procedures that the Doctors must follow and if they break It they can be faced with serious legal problems like Dr. Michael Kamrava, who was the Doctor who implanted Octomom with 8 embryos and is now liable for gross negligence and is losing his medical license. After the operations the excess embryos can also be a serious legal issue, especially when couples split up. An article entitled, "Couple at war over frozen IVF embryos" perfectly describes a situation like this. The article begins by talking about how an infertile couple is currently in court, after their divorce, arguing over the future of their embryos that where in storage. The ex-husband wants for the eggs to be destroyed because he "can't afford to look after another one." And he doesn"t "want a child coming after me for maintenance" while the ex-wife said," I feel very strongly that we had started something, we had already created a life and it would be wrong to allow that to be destroyed." As you can tell in a situation like this a court case can last for an extremely long time because "The law governing fertility clinics says both partners must consent before treatment goes ahead. If either withdraws permission, clinics are legally obliged to destroy the frozen embryos." And with divorce being so prevalent in our society this pattern will only continue to rage on.

In Vitro Fertilization is a revolutionary procedure but has too many downfalls. IVF has been proven to be more dangerous for both the mother and the babies and requires too much money to support legal costs and storage fees, if that is one of the three extremely difficult decisions that a couple has to make with leftover eggs. Besides have substantial moral issues the future of IVF procedures will be out of control and lead to numerous social divides. Humans playing God can and will only lead to incalculable consequences.

Some sources I used:
"Withnall, Adam. "IVF Babies "twice as Likely to Suffer Serious Birth Problems", Research Suggests." The Independent. Independent Digital News and Media, 9 Jan. 2014. Web. 23 Apr. 2015. <http://www.independent.co.uk...;.
""In Vitro Fertilization (IVF)." Risks. Web. 23 Apr. 2015. <http://www.mayoclinic.org...;.
"Sifferlin, Alexandra, and Alexandra Sifferlin. "How Healthy Are IVF Babies? | TIME.com." Time. Time, 5 July 2013. Web. 23 Apr. 2015. <http://healthland.time.com...;.
"Chapman, James. "Child Health Problems Linked to IVF." Mail Online. Associated Newspapers. Web. 23 Apr. 2015. <http://www.dailymail.co.uk...;.
""IVF: Risks May Outweigh Benefits, Say Experts." Medical News Today. MediLexicon International, 29 Jan. 2014. Web. 23 Apr. 2015. <http://www.medicalnewstoday.com...;.
""Legal and Ethical Issues and Fertility Treatment Abroad." Ethical And Legal Issues. Web. 23 Apr. 2015. <http://fertility.treatmentabroad.com...;.
"Bernholz, Robert, and Nicholas Herman. Legal Implications of Human In Vitro Fertilization for the Practicing Physician in North Carolina. 1 Jan. 1984. Web. 23 Apr. 2015. <http://scholarship.law.campbell.edu...;.
"Beil, Laura. "What Happens to Extra Embryos after IVF?" CNN. Cable News Network, 1 Sept. 2009. Web. 23 Apr. 2015. <http://www.cnn.com...;.
Debate Round No. 5
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