The Instigator
iVijayC
Pro (for)
Losing
0 Points
The Contender
wxyz2000
Con (against)
Winning
9 Points

India"s Youth Population is a Demographic Blessing

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Post Voting Period
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after 3 votes the winner is...
wxyz2000
Voting Style: Open Point System: 7 Point
Started: 9/3/2014 Category: Education
Updated: 2 years ago Status: Post Voting Period
Viewed: 1,918 times Debate No: 61213
Debate Rounds (5)
Comments (1)
Votes (3)

 

iVijayC

Pro

The past 200 years of population growth has been rapid and its pace is quickening. Many argue that this exponential pace of growth is unsustainable ad the Earth can only support so many people with so much food and so much water. Dwindling non renewable energy resources also point to a problem of having limited resources relative to a growing population.

At country level this can be all the more clear. Whilst having enough workers in the population to exploit resources and provide taxes for a government can be viewed as a good thing, having a youthful population has both positives and negatives.The good things about having a youthful population are that there are lots of potential workers for the future. If there is a natural resource or industry that needs lots of labour, it can be in bountiful supply. This then generates tax income for the country. The reality is that many countries that have youthful populations do not have adequate economic activities to realise this potential.

Issues
There is high dependency in countries that have youthful populations. This means that there are lots of children reliant on few adults to provide for their needs. This hits the tax base of a country and also means that the few resources countries have are inadequate. This means that vital services such as education, health and sanitation can suffer.

Solutions
The Population Reference Bureau recommends that to improve the quality of life in youthful populations we should;
Improve the quantity and quality of schooling.

Expand school enrolments, especially for girls, and ensure minimum standards of quality" a driving force for improved quality of life and for lowering fertility. Ensure that secondary school and university education is relevant for the skills needed in the workforce.

Enact and enforce laws to prevent early marriage (before age 18).

Girls who marry young typically have children early and have more children than their peers who stay in school longer and marry later. They are also less able to contribute to the productive sectors of the economy.The good things about having a youthful population are that there are lots of potential workers for the future. If there is a natural resource or industry that needs lots of labour, it can be in bountiful supply. This then generates tax income for the country. The reality is that many countries that have youthful populations do not have adequate economic activities to realise this potential.

Issues
There is high dependency in countries that have youthful populations. This means that there are lots of children reliant on few adults to provide for their needs. This hits the tax base of a country and also means that the few resources countries have are inadequate. This means that vital services such as education, health and sanitation can suffer.

Solutions
The Population Reference Bureau recommends that to improve the quality of life in youthful populations we should;
Improve the quantity and quality of schooling.

Expand school enrolments, especially for girls, and ensure minimum standards of quality" a driving force for improved quality of life and for lowering fertility. Ensure that secondary school and university education is relevant for the skills needed in the workforce.

Enact and enforce laws to prevent early marriage (before age 18).

Girls who marry young typically have children early and have more children than their peers who stay in school longer and marry later. They are also less able to contribute to the productive sectors of the economy.The good things about having a youthful population are that there are lots of potential workers for the future. If there is a natural resource or industry that needs lots of labour, it can be in bountiful supply. This then generates tax income for the country. The reality is that many countries that have youthful populations do not have adequate economic activities to realise this potential.

Issues
There is high dependency in countries that have youthful populations. This means that there are lots of children reliant on few adults to provide for their needs. This hits the tax base of a country and also means that the few resources countries have are inadequate. This means that vital services such as education, health and sanitation can suffer.

Solutions
The Population Reference Bureau recommends that to improve the quality of life in youthful populations we should;
Improve the quantity and quality of schooling.

Expand school enrolments, especially for girls, and ensure minimum standards of quality" a driving force for improved quality of life and for lowering fertility. Ensure that secondary school and university education is relevant for the skills needed in the workforce.

Enact and enforce laws to prevent early marriage (before age 18).

Girls who marry young typically have children early and have more children than their peers who stay in school longer and marry later. They are also less able to contribute to the productive sectors of the economy.The good things about having a youthful population are that there are lots of potential workers for the future. If there is a natural resource or industry that needs lots of labour, it can be in bountiful supply. This then generates tax income for the country. The reality is that many countries that have youthful populations do not have adequate economic activities to realise this potential.

Issues
There is high dependency in countries that have youthful populations. This means that there are lots of children reliant on few adults to provide for their needs. This hits the tax base of a country and also means that the few resources countries have are inadequate. This means that vital services such as education, health and sanitation can suffer.

Solutions
The Population Reference Bureau recommends that to improve the quality of life in youthful populations we should;
Improve the quantity and quality of schooling.

Expand school enrolments, especially for girls, and ensure minimum standards of quality" a driving force for improved quality of life and for lowering fertility. Ensure that secondary school and university education is relevant for the skills needed in the workforce.

Enact and enforce laws to prevent early marriage (before age 18).

Girls who marry young typically have children early and have more children than their peers who stay in school longer and marry later. They are also less able to contribute to the productive sectors of the economy.The good things about having a youthful population are that there are lots of potential workers for the future. If there is a natural resource or industry that needs lots of labour, it can be in bountiful supply. This then generates tax income for the country. The reality is that many countries that have youthful populations do not have adequate economic activities to realise this potential.

Issues
There is high dependency in countries that have youthful populations. This means that there are lots of children reliant on few adults to provide for their needs. This hits the tax base of a country and also means that the few resources countries have are inadequate. This means that vital services such as education, health and sanitation can suffer.

Solutions
The Population Reference Bureau recommends that to improve the quality of life in youthful populations we should;
Improve the quantity and quality of schooling.

Expand school enrolments, especially for girls, and ensure minimum standards of quality" a driving force for improved quality of life and for lowering fertility. Ensure that secondary school and university education is relevant for the skills needed in the workforce.

Enact and enforce laws to prevent early marriage (before age 18).

Girls who marry young typically have children early and have more children than their peers who stay in school longer and marry later. They are also less able to contribute to the producti
wxyz2000

Con


I would like to clarify my position. While it is a “blessing” to have a large youth population, India’s youth population is far too large to be a “blessing”.



My opponent seems to have repeated his arguments several times. I will summarize Pro’s arguments quickly for the reader.



India’s youth population is a demographic blessing because this means many potential workers. Workers exploit resources and be beneficial to the economy. The government can then collect taxes from these workers to support education, infrastructure, etc.



My opponent also suggests improving the quality and quantity of schooling as a solution to improve the quality of life in youthful populations. Pro does not, however, offer a solution for the problem that there are lots of children reliant on few adults to provide for their needs.



Before I refute Pro’s arguments and provide my own, I would like to state that Pro implicitly acknowledged that having a too large youth population is not a blessing when he offered a solution to lower fertility rates among women.



Regarding taxes:



Today, only 2 to 3 percent of Indians pay income taxes. The major reason is that Indians do not earn enough annual income to even qualify to pay. The other is that, among those wealthy elite, tax evasion is rampant due to India’s stifling bureaucracy and corruption. The majority of India’s youth population will not be able to pay taxes.



http://www.ibtimes.com...



http://www.caclubindia.com...




Regarding Health Expenditure:



Pro has not given any solution for the potential exorbitant funding of education, health care, or any other services for India’s youth. According to the following study, health expenditures are what is currently responsible for more than half of Indian households following into poverty, pushing around 39 million Indians into poverty each year. Providing health care for India’s youth population is taking a heavy toll on the quality of life of India’s citizens.



http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov...




Inflation:



The fact that there is a ever growing population in India means that the prices of goods (and land) will inevitably rise as there are only limited resources in India. This will drive down the quality of life of Indians even further.




Resource Allocation:



India ability to allocate resources is severely dampened by its corruption. Making resource allocation as efficient in India as it is in the US will increase productivity by 60%, according to a World Bank report. As many Indian businesses have complained, the Indian system is bureaucratic and slow. Thus India will not be able to fully utilize its large task force. In fact, recent surveys of employment patterns in the workforce in India point to the fact that the rapid growth hasn’t been accompanied by a spurt in jobs. In the five years between 2005 and 2010 fewer than 3 million new jobs were added to the economy, but 12 million people join the workforce every year. Having such a large youth population only points towards poverty.



http://www.business-standard.com...



http://www.bloombergview.com...




From a Malthusian Perspective



In India, there are hunger deaths - because of reduced per capita food availability and poor distribution of food. There are acute shortages of medical facilities including qualified doctors, medicines, dispensaries, modern health care facilities etc - due to high population.There are shortages of education facilities including schools, colleges, qualified teachers. There are serious shortage of power and problems connected with its distribution.



Let’s take a more specific issue as an example. This is taken from an excerpt from the source below.



http://www.mintpressnews.com...



In his study of lakes in Thane, Maharastr, Singare reports that “Thane’s burgeoning population, thanks to its proximity to Mumbai, and the metro’s heavy industrial profile, are apparently choking its six lakes, with the unchecked discharge of sewage, pesticides and industrial effluents.”



In his report, he analyzed lakes in Loktak (Manipur), Ropar and Kanjli (Punjab), Sukna (Chandigarh), Bhopal and the Pong dam (Himachal Pradesh), all revealed harmful levels of contamination. He showed a pattern where the toxins in water are passed from plant to animal to human.



According to Leelakumari Amma, organizer of victims of Endosulfan poisoning, at least 1,000 people died, and it’s believed that there are 10,000 victims still suffering.



India’s large youth population will cause numerous problems for the country.


Debate Round No. 1
iVijayC

Pro

iVijayC forfeited this round.
wxyz2000

Con

I extend my arguments.
Debate Round No. 2
iVijayC

Pro

iVijayC forfeited this round.
wxyz2000

Con

I extend my arguments.
Debate Round No. 3
iVijayC

Pro

iVijayC forfeited this round.
wxyz2000

Con

I extend my arguments.
Debate Round No. 4
iVijayC

Pro

iVijayC forfeited this round.
wxyz2000

Con

Since Pro has not proven that India's youth population is a democratic blessing, I urge a Con vote.
Debate Round No. 5
1 comment has been posted on this debate.
Posted by TrasguTravieso 2 years ago
TrasguTravieso
Excellent topic, I look forward to reading the debate.
3 votes have been placed for this debate. Showing 1 through 3 records.
Vote Placed by Zarroette 2 years ago
Zarroette
iVijayCwxyz2000Tied
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Total points awarded:04 
Reasons for voting decision: Pro didn't respond to Con's arguments, so the counter-arguments win Con the debate. Conduct to Con for Pro's round forfeits.
Vote Placed by TrasguTravieso 2 years ago
TrasguTravieso
iVijayCwxyz2000Tied
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Total points awarded:01 
Reasons for voting decision: I am very disappointed, I was looking forward to this one.
Vote Placed by Blade-of-Truth 2 years ago
Blade-of-Truth
iVijayCwxyz2000Tied
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Total points awarded:04 
Reasons for voting decision: Pro forfeited nearly every round in this debate which is rarely acceptable conduct in any debate setting. Since Pro also failed to provide any rebuttals, the argument is awarded to Con.