The Instigator
Scross132
Con (against)
The Contender
distraff
Pro (for)

Is Genetic Manipulation Ethical?

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Voting Style: Open Point System: 7 Point
Started: 12/8/2016 Category: Science
Updated: 1 year ago Status: Debating Period
Viewed: 365 times Debate No: 97782
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Scross132

Con

As biological science progress we begin to realize that a limit must be made. Genetic manipulation is an area of biology that many biologists refuse to study due to a long list of ethical beliefs. Even before religion is added to the mix it is immoral to manipulate nature in such ways that you change it into a different being and I will therefore present with my first argument without even touching religion.

All creatures are born of DNA and their DNA form genes. Genes are what make you yourself. Every cell in every living organism including bacteria has its own DNA that makes it behave and look how it does. To tamper with the structure of what makes an organism how it is can mean life and death of not just that type of animal, but the entire environment.
Genetic Manipulation isn't to be tampered with because without come genes the organism may not breed an therefore die out or the organism's cells could stop reproducing leading the animal to die because of a scratch. You may say "But we can make the animal smarter, stronger, and better" and to that I must reply with the question of what happens to the other organisms?
If you make a worm intelligent enough to avoid the birds that eat them what does the bird eat. Any changes to any organism that isn't due to evolution affects the environment around it. Many of the other organisms will take decades if not centuries to evolve to the point where they can survive with the "new and improved" organism created by man.
Therefore I will end my first argument stating although science can't reach its peek without research of genetic manipulation it is best for us all to avoid it for as long as we can for both ourselves and the other organisms around us.
distraff

Pro

Genetic modification has some amazing potential. Companies are using it today to help crops become resistant to pests which has lead to a 37% decrease in pesticide use, 22% increase in crop yield and a 68% increase in profits. These foods are heavily tested and have not been shown to be harmful at all. GMOs are helping us feed expanding populations and keeping harmful pesticide out of our soil and bodies.
http://inside.battelle.org...

Genetic modification has its limitations because we don't understand what all the genes do very well but modifying them and seeing what happens is helping us understand our code. Once we understand it, we literally have the power of evolution in our hands and can made anything we want.

Scientists are working on genetically modifying plants to increase their yield when used for bio-fuels and result in cheaper bio-fuel using less land. One genetic enhacement makes plants produce far less lignin which needs to be extracted before making biofuel. This allows 80% of the cellulose to be used rather than just 18% and could reduce the cost of biofuel by $1 per gallon. This can help alleviate future oil shortages and reduce future global warming.
http://oilprice.com...

Genetic engineering can also be used in humans to remove genetic disorders. For example scientists in the lab have been able to turn off down syndrome in the genes. It could also be used to make us resistant to common diseases in ways that drugs simply can't. It could also eventually bring to an end many other mental disorders like bipolar disorder, autism, and psychopathy.
http://www.nature.com...

It could be used to increase human intelligence and allow us to do amazing things. Removing "violent" genes like those for psychopathy could make the human race more peaceful. This will take a lot of work to do but scientists are working on it. Genetic modification could increase our life-spans, keep us young longer, and make us better at being in outer space and going to and living on other planets.

Now lets address con's arguments.

>> Genetic Manipulation isn't to be tampered with because without come genes the organism may not breed an therefore die out or the organism's cells could stop reproducing leading the animal to die because of a scratch.

So what if a few plants and animals die in GMO experiments? Scientists will use that knowledge to learn how to modify the right genes. Also every person has about 100 mutations so we all get tampered with anyway by nature.

>> "But we can make the animal smarter, stronger, and better" and to that I must reply with the question of what happens to the other organisms?"

If we modify humans and plants we benefit from then its a good thing when it does well compared to other organisms.
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