Is Windows better than Linux?
Debate Rounds (3)
It is very obvious that linux is better than windows because of its security and many other reason listed before!
What Is Linux?Edit
Like Windows XP, Vista, and 7, and Mac OSX, GNU/Linux (often simply Linux) is a computer operating system (or OS). However, Linux differs from Windows OSes in a number of ways.
Linux is Free and Open Source Software. This means that all the source code of the Linux Kernel, as well as almost all the programs you will use with Linux, is freely available to anyone who wants to read and edit it. Linux is thus distinct from both Windows and OSX. N.B. In this context, Free Software is not always gratis, though it often (usually) is. To use the common metaphor, Linux is necessarily free as in speech, and usually free as in beer.
In common with OSX and the BSDs, Linux is derived from UNIX.
Linux is much more highly configurable than Windows. In Windows, the user can easily change many settings. On a Linux Distro, though, the user can change much more. The Desktop Environment or Window Manager used, for example, is much simpler to change in Linux, and has many more available options.
Linux is the Wikipedia of operating systemsEdit
The most distinguishing trait of Linux is its un-unified development process. No single entity makes or runs Linux. The Linux kernel, the core of the operating system, is developed and maintained by Linus Torvalds' Linux Foundation, but distributions are created by many organizations and individuals all over the world, some paid for by donations and some completely voluntary. Each Linux Distro has it own development cycle, which is separate from the kernel development. In addition to this, the Desktop Environments and Window Managers are developed by yet other groups. This contrasts with the Microsoft way of doing things, where one company develops the whole OS: kernel, desktop environment, and much of the pre-installed software.
'Linux' technically isn't just LinuxEdit
Linux is really just the kernel and the drivers packed with the kernel. The other 90% of the OSes typically called "Linux" are many little programs running together, made by many people in many organizations like GNU, Xorg, KDE,XFCE, etc. But instead of saying "I just installed Linux/Ubuntu/KDE/Xorg/GNU/Bob's Email Program" we typically just call the whole thing Linux. Formally, though, Linux should only be used to refer to the Kernel. When referring to the whole operating system, GNU/Linux is preferable.
Distributions are the key for end-usersEdit
If you're looking to try Linux, what you want to look for is a 'distribution.' Examples are Ubuntu, Fedora, Debian, and SuSE etc. Try googling "Linux Distributions" - there are a lot out there. Most Linux Distributions include instructions on how to make a 'Live CD', which allows you to boot your machine into Linux to try it without actually installing it.
A distribution takes care of the hundreds of hours of tweaking and brainwork to pull all of the separate programs which run on top of Linux together, and gets them playing nicely together before you (the end-user) try to use this blob of programs as a whole. The distribution you choose is fairly important: it's almost like an OS in itself.
There aren't really any EXEs in LinuxEdit
Linux doesn't rely on filename extensions like DOS/Windows does. You can give a file almost any name and it will not affect the type of file it is. This is because the filesystems used by Linux use something called an "execute bit." This is a switchable setting (kind of like read-only) on Linux/Unix files which says whether or not Linux should try to 'run' the file. When the user tries to run the file, Linux looks at the file header information for hints on how to run it, rather than depending on the file extension to determine what to do (as Windows does).
Most software is not installed by downloading and running a programEdit
Most forms of Linux have an awesome thing called a Package Manager. The package manager accesses a huge online database of programs written for Linux and lists them. It's kind of like Add/Remove Programs in Windows, except that most Linux applications can be installed right from the package manager, without visiting any websites, inserting any discs, or running any programs.
There are many advantages to using package managers over downloading software as an executable or binary (as you might on Windows from the website of the developer).
The packages are tested with your distro extensively. Since there are so many Linux distros, this could potentially otherwise become a problem.
Because the packages are 'signed' by testers, you can ensure that you are downloading what you think you are downloading.
You do not download unneccessary libraries, which you already have installed on your system. In WIndows, there is no way for the developer to tell what libraries your system already uses, so they must package all that are necessary, leading to larger downloads, longer install times, and software bloat.
You can easily uninstall completely, or even revert back to an older version number.
Software updates are much easier for the system to manage.
Linux loves scriptingEdit
If you can do it with a mouse in Linux, there is probably a command that will do the same thing. That means you can automate a lot of things right off the bat. A considerable number of developers recognize this culture, and write command-line programs first. Then, they write a GUI with all of the pictures and buttons we know and love. The GUI simply converts your clicks into commands which are run in the background.
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