Medicines Should Be Made Free
Debate Rounds (4)
Resolved: Medicines Should Be Made Free
I am Con, so Pro should start the argument first.
This might seem like an abstract problem until you need to get medicine for your dying child. Perhaps your child is seriously ill because of a preventable illness; the medicine he/she needs is 2-3 hours away by foot; when you get there, there's no guarantee that the clinic will be open or have anything in stock. And even if you could get to the clinic and everything was available, how are you going to pay for it?
Thousands of people in the rural areas of Nicaragua face this problem on a daily basis. One proposal suggests that community health workers (promoters) could receive a portion of the medicine fee for each prescription. In practice, this leads to extremely negative trends, as promoters are tempted to over-prescribe medications to get more money, and only the wealthiest members of the community could afford them. On top of all this, the poorest of the poor no longer have access to medicine.
Obviously the best option here is to supply the medicines for free.
Prescription drugs are a major component of the overall cost of caring for the elderly. By some reports, persons sixty-five and older spend an average of over three percent of their income on prescription drugs. That percentage is even higher when over-the-counter medications are included. Reports show that more than 53.26% of senior citizens are below the poverty line.This means that over half of the senior citizens are not financially well-off.
Cancer,heart and respiratory diseases and diabetes are the most common and killer diseases among senior citizens.Treating these diseases cost a lot of money ad again ,the best option here is to give away those medicines for free.
Hence, I believe that medicines should be made free.
In today’s world, medicines have literally become part of our daily lives. Due to the push of supply and the pull of demand, researchers and public health organisation alike classify more and more common conditions as “diseases”, as the population is ready to take any type of medicines for their cure from these conditions. Improvements in the field of medicine are taking place and extensive research being conducted. The topic of the debate is “Medicines Should Be Made Free”, therefore, the burden of Pro is to show that medicines should be made free at any cost, as “should” is a synonym for ‘duty’ or ’ absolute necessity’, whereas, the burden of Con is to show that it is not "absolute necessity” and to highlight the appalling consequences if such actions were to take place. The whole argument is about whether or not customers like you and me should pay for the medicines we get.
The argument that "medicines should be given free" is unsustainable and are utopian dreams of a pied piper.
The Pharmaceutical industry is constantly in the search for new and better therapies, and have developed various molecules that has revolutionised modern medicine. The Pharmaceutical industry is one of the most innovative industries in the world today. Pharmaceutical organisations play a pivotal role in promoting the field of research, especially during the outbreaks of deadly epidemics like Ebola, H1N1 etc.
One of the major factors that plays an important role in promoting research is money. Money is crucial in this field, as it is in almost any conceivable venture. It is pertinent to note the words of Chancellor of USFC, that the cost of developing new drugs is simply “crazy”; because if a country needs to sell at least one drug in the market, the funds required are upwards of 350-400 million dollars. She says that the “Pharmaceutical industry is not one where anybody can make profits”. It requires major funding, patience and loads of luck to hit upon an efficacious drug.
Then where does one expect to fund the pharmaceutical industry? Two common sources are the donors (NGOs) and the customers (pull of demand by the end users). If the pull of demand is cut off by the seemingly ideal plan of doling out medicines free, the research efforts of Pharmaceutical companies is sure to falter. We can’t expect donors to keep paying tons of cash for the Pharmaceutical industry. There is a limit for anything that comes free. Or have'nt we heard the saying "There is nothing called free lunch!!"
Therefore, without adequate compensation by the end users, it neither probable for good vaccinations, drugs and other medicines to be created nor improvisations possible. So, making medicines free is suicidal to both the population and the pharmaceutical industry.
1. Hindu Mission Hospital
The hospital"s services include projects such as "Narayana Seva", "Bhakta Jana Seva", "Annalakshmi", the Free Artificial Limb Centre and the Kidney Care Endowment. These free intensive camps are regularly conducted in rural areas on different days of the week. The hospital also provides treatment and medications at free of cost.
2. AMS Dr. Durgabai Deshmukh Hospital
This hospital conducts free camps twice a month, providing diagnosis and treatment facilities, vaccines for women and children. Also, outreach vans are sent out to slums to provide treatment at the doorstep. This hospital also facilitates delivery and caesarian operations for poor women free of cost. It also conducts eye camps free of cost and underprivileged patients can avail free services for in-patient treatment!
3. Adyar Cancer Institute
Founded in 1954 by Dr. Muthulakshmi Reddy, the Adyar Cancer Institute is a top ranking cancer institute in India according to the World Health Department (WHO). It was the first institute in India which received the Cobalt-60 Therapy Unit for cancer treatment. The hospital provides free treatment to the financially poor segment of the society which makes up to around 63% of the patients.
4. Shri ISARI Velan Mission Hospital
This hospital provides people with free vaccination for life threatening diseases and other services for the economically marginal sections of the society.
5. Institute of Obstetrics and Gynecology and Hospital for Women and Children
This hospital, exclusively for women and children provides free dental, eye care, and pediatric services free of cost to the disadvantaged sections of the society.
6. Government Royapettah Hospital
One among the most popular hospitals in Chennai, the Government Royapettah hospital provides treatment for accidents, emergencies, burns, cardiology, ENT, and general medicine free of cost for the poor.
7. Southern Railway Hospital
The hospital was originally intended to be a hospital for railway employees alone but now it treats the general public as well. Founded in 1928, the hospital provides treatment at affordable costs and HIV treatment and medicines are absolutely free of cost.
Hence,I believe that medicines should not be made free of cost.
2.Huge Expenses and Salaries
The whole business of building hospitals costs a lot of money. It is not simple to build a hospitals and clinics in both cities and rural areas without having a lot of money. And to add to all these costs, there are millions of doctors and nurses to pay salaries for. The pharmaceutical industry is a big industry which makes both profits and losses each year. It makes a lot of medicines each year with its research which cost both sun and earth. Let’s make an analysis of the consequences which occur if medical care and medicines are made free. The pharmaceutical industry makes 300 billion dollars a year. There are approximately 10 to 15 million doctors in the world , and there are roughly 2 nurses for every doctor, thus making about 35 million healthcare specialists across the world. And the salary for the doctors is roughly $200000 per doctor and nurse, annually. That is 600 billion for paying just the doctors and nurses. And for building a hospital it costs 800 million per hospital in the world ; and since there are 16500 hospitals in the world , the cost for building these hospitals was totally 132 billion dollars, and one should not forget the money spent for maintaining them! And the cost for making a new drug is 350 million dollars. Not to forget the iterations the researchers have to make in their drugs and the salaries for the researchers themselves, which costs a bomb. How are we getting this balance between the costs and providing medicines? By paying for them, will the pharmaceutical industries provide hospitals and other medications. I just can’t imagine the horrors and losses which will take place if medicines are made free for all.
The hospitals can increase the treatment cost and supply the medicines for free and give the increased amount to the pharmaceutical companies,which in turn makes sure that these companies make new medicines.
I would like to remind Con that this debate is just about medicines being made free;not the treatment costs and medication.
I would like to sum up on what I had said earlier
1. Companies and hospitals can mint money and are making a lot of money even after giving medicines for free.
2.Basic medicines like the ones we take for fever, pain and cold should be given away for free to all the sections of society.
3.Medicines are are absolute necessity and should be given free of cost.
Hence medicines should be made free.
In the 20th and 21st century, misuse of drugs has been prevalent. There has been misuse of drugs in many fields, including sports and academics. There are a number of addictive drugs in both markets and black markets which allows any person to misuse these drugs. Even though these drugs were made for the benefit of the population, they are mainly being used today for the addiction of the population! Finally, all these addictions are psychological, a person always does a careful cost benefit analysis before misusing the drug, and once misused out of curiosity, it becomes a dirty habit hard to get rid of. I believe that the cost of these illegal drugs plays an important role in preventing the population for misusing the drug. There are a number of fools out there who misuse these drugs regardless of the cost, but there even few of them who take the cost into consideration. Fear for both the consequences and cost plays a major role in ruling out the curiosity in their mind while performing a cost benefit analysis for a lot of people, finally taking the decision not to misuse the drugs. If medicines are made free, then the cost (money) part of the analysis gets ruled out, curiosity being more favourable than fear, a large amount of the population can misuse the drugs if they get the chance. Therefore, more bans on illegal drugs will be imposed, which are futile because, anyway, the drugs are free, thus gangs and drug lords will supply drugs more easily to the population.
I believe we must work hard enough so that we can get all our treasures and rewards. In a nutshell, this debate is comprehensive to many fields in today’s world, and opposes Pro's statements in each field. The debate is itself a subject of morality, where the people who work hard succeed and secure their future and health and the lazy fail to do so. Apart from this, this debate is also economically and scientifically connected, highlighting the consequences when no research, payment of salaries and distribution of medication can take place when there is an economic deficiency. Lastly, this debate is related to the psychology of the human mind to or not misuse drugs.
Therefore, for these reasons, vote Con.
1 votes has been placed for this debate.
Vote Placed by tejretics 9 months ago
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Reasons for voting decision: RFD in comments
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