Mexico legislative reelections
Debate Rounds (5)
As is pointed Campos, an essential for the development of political careers element is continuity. The non-reappointment successive interrupts tion in several ways:
Prevents lawmakers to legislate devote full time, because they have to engage in what they will realize once you finish your order; the re-election after three or six years have left the camera have to re-start updated on changes that have developed both inside and exterior of the legislation; [...] And encourages laziness because much of what is learned can not be capitalized (Campos, 2003: 98).
But permanence is not enough for a legislator wants to specialize condition. There is no guarantee that the representatives, able to make a career, cializar special leave in any of the activities of Congress. However, noreeleccion guarantees that they will not. As explained Dworak without consecutive reelection, legislators who want to start a parliamentary career depend only on the parties to continue their political life, they select the charges. Realising the possibility of consecutive reelection of members of Congress, voters also will decide on his future. Consequently, parliamentary resort to a strategy that maximizes their chances of following: communication with voters, and specialization in commissions to acquire greater relevance would be two important things you can do to achieve that goal (Dworak, 2003: 233). This continuity and
expertise are needed more than ever when you consider that currently the legislative task has become very complex. Today specialized and highly-complicated laws (Carbonell, 2000: 110) are multiplied, and for that we need "experts working" Lujambio dixit and not amateurs.
The closeness and accountability. One of the mechanisms that ensure the proper functioning of representative democracy as a political system is the ability of citizens to demand accountability from their rulers. This accountability or accountability underlies reelection, as this has as one of its objectives to allow the voter to evaluate the performance of its representative through the possibility of reelection and cultivate the presenters and re capable responsible and punish, not reeligi"ndolos , which do not fulfill their role. However, as noted by several authors (Campos, 2003: 107), when the election is not allowed or is limited, and the political future of the legislature depends more on party voter, this assessment process is impossible and that discourages legislators to take responsibility for their actions to citizens, as they will focus on maintaining good relations with his party. In parallel, this would force accountability seek more contact with citizens who voted for them, for his determined political career would hang over the popular support of the domes of their games (Acle, 2002). So, having a firmer and long-term contact between representatives and represented one that goes beyond the campaigns and elections, substantially improve democracy Mexican cia to renew the link between the political class and the citizenry (Dworak, 2004: 2). Finally, Poire connects this with political information and transparency conditions inherent to the proper functioning of a democratic system, "immediate reelection creates a virtuous circle of political rulers information about activating the public demand for it, and making so attractive to invest in his generation for political actors themselves, and to the mass media "(Poire, 2005). No reelection, however, cut these incentives. Skeptics, however, believe this to be true with the local authorities, but not federal, that "after settling on hundreds of initiatives could manipulate and publish only those that allow them to look good in the eyes of citizens "(Reyes del Campillo, 2009: 37).
A comme il faut Congress. As a corollary of the previous two arguments, I argue that the legislative election would help to have a Congress "as it should be." As Valenzuela writes, "in a
I Eleventh Political Essay Contest
Effective Suffrage, yes I 23 consecutive legislative reelection
Presidential system the Legislature has to be strong, to achieve viable political settlements between parties and between them and the Executive Forum. This requires that legislators have political clout within their political communities, they and not party leaders can play an important role in the design of legislative strategies and policies to shape the compromises needed to govern "(Valenzuela, 2004) . In this sense, the re-election of legislators is critical.
4. sovereignty. The more abstract argument is one that is already used in historical debates: that of sovereignty. The re-election with the possibility of revocation of the mandate increases the sovereignty and decision-making power of citizens, their right to apply and remove rulers is the real effective suffrage. The problem occurs when, as Saavedra Weise says, arguing that it is the people who decide, is chosen instrument plebiscitary elements that seek to legitimize arbitrary decisions (Saavedra, 2009) and the staying power of a group. Qui-haps that is why this argument alone is not the one most used in Mexico to defend the legislative consecutive reelection.
5. savings. Finally, one of the reasons, Dworak argues, why spend resources in exaggerated quantities election every three years is that you have to promote thousands of new faces for elected office. By building campaigns faces new majority and promises, and not on the results of past efforts, the resources required are higher than in the rest of the world where a legislator, to compete for the same post, is recognized in his district (Dworak, 2005) With the legislative reelection consecutive tion media investment required would be much lower.
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Although it has allowed the re-election of deputies, as well as mayors-but without being consecutively, implement this system reelection is banned for agreeing to the interests of political parties and politicians who do not deliver on its management anyone. If there reelection in such elective office, a system or mechanism to review their activities and transparency in its action autopromover"a.
This book addresses the issue of the reform package proposed by President Felipe Calder"n Hinojosa on December 15, 2009, to which he was also called "political reform"; nurturing various academic seminars and meetings between legislators forums.
Although the topic is not new, has raised different opinions, some in favor and most against, because they have misrepresented the benefits of re-election as a mechanism of accountability, and to see it as a breakthrough for democracy . This is the hypothesis of the authors argue that the election has served for many years as an instrument of political domination, centralization in decision-making mechanism and the political parties to impose their agenda.
The paper reviews the current context in the way which has perverted the words of Francisco I. Madero on the non-reelection: "Effective suffrage, no reelection" political myth that leverage to avoid sanction rulers who have already left seat or the council. While the proposal for immediate re-election for mayors passed in the Senate, there is still the House of Representatives, first, then the legislatures of the states involved in your proclama.1
The book is divided into four sections. The first explains what reelection, who wins and who loses ?, what arguments have been presented against ?, well as the arguments presented. The scientific contribution of this book focuses on arguing for reelection, collapsing one by one the myths and fears that have prevented our country can count on this. You are actually denying the opportunity for citizens to be able to renew their support for a good politician. Those who gain most are not political parties or politicians, but citizens who vote. Besides being the reelection effective accountability mechanism.
The central argument is based on the benefit to be received by citizens and democratic political system of our country is in the making, if reelection was approved. It is a good job of analysis. Federal and local deputies have negative incentives for this, because should not deliver them all, use the term as a springboard and use the courts as "carte blanche" to act with impunity. The benefits that could give lawmakers reelection are more professional, more robust public policy, long-term agreements, autonomy and robustness to Congress, most committee work, and above all, accountability.
While it is true that people do not know their legislators from immediate reelection mechanism exist greater responsiveness, a term coined by Morlino and Sartori means responsive to meet the demands of citizens or gobernados.2 The authors argue the desire of citizens to be taken into account, not only actively participate in the polls. Public opinion can say is against the per reelection by the negative experiences of corruption and abuse of power by our legislators, but citizens are in favor of a political fulfill promises, can be removed and watch for needs of your district.
With the reelection will be forced politicians are aware of its voters and its constituency in his district. In other countries like the United States, legislators are reelected at 80%, but also seek a vote and serve their community. Mexico is prepared for a trial of this nature, of course there are risks and a transformation that may generate other problems; but the worst that can happen is paralysis, immobility and deny the opportunity for citizens.
Emphasize two important research ideas: politicians refuse to reelection because they know use parallel and discontinuous reelection use designation multimember political spoils Members or to ensure the loyalty of groups. With this system re eliminated. In addition, the re-election of legislators not mean it will move this rule to the governors and even the president of the republic.
Another important aspect to take into account the book is misinformation by the parties themselves, political groups and officials who refuse to advance the quality of democracy, an issue also addressed by Medina.3 Assuming, of course, that our country is in a phase of transition to democracy, unfinished and imperfect as contended by several contemporary authors. To have a democracy results, it is also required that citizens are more proactive political culture, an issue that opens the debate about the low level of political consciousness that the population in general.
As for the municipal election, seems to be the level of government that requires urgent institutional redesign to ensure accountability of mayors. The issue before the second part of the book is approached by Maria Lourdes Ramirez and Andres Ponce de Leon; provides a diagnosis of the criticism of the election, since the risk of generating chiefdoms, to promote by way of the local election corruption and patronage. Book stands the detailed description of the role that the mayors of municipalities 2441: acting on behalf of their group interests, political and personal party. While the re-election of legislators is marked by prejudices and myths, in the case of the municipal election is the same.
The authors of structured criticism on this system of local government to reach the re-election of mayors. Public opinion suggests that the election could generate chiefdoms would clientelism and corruption. That happens in the most advanced democracies. Recently, Francisco Camps, president of the government of Valencia, Spain, was forced to resign, leaving his post to stand trial over an alleged gift of a few suits worth 14,000 euros (about 224 000 pesos) which gave him a billionaire. 4
This interesting article addresses the broad discussion about the way in which politicians behave once they get into power. Describe the prevailing electoral system in our country itself that prevents legislators and mayors accountable to citizens. Recurrently disclosed fraud, corruption or mismanagement, even after managing a mayor; but few are subject to liability.
Provides immediate reelection mayors, but also have to cover the council members and trustees who make up the council. The return of the members of council has a terrible stagnation. Dworak, Ponce de Le"n Ram"rez and do not address in detail the issue of the council, they would have to open the discussion about the overrepresentation exists in all councils, the party quota system, the scheme of political centralism and municipal presidentialism prevailing in municipalities.
The book to stay for those who serve is an invitation to debate and discussion on political reform that prompted President Felipe Calderon, but that does not seem to move forward. Furthermore, it is provocative text to show the positions for and against, as well as the arguments to stop the one hand, the immediate re-election and, second, how to find responsible and responsive to legislators and mayors.
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