|Voting Style:||Open||Point System:||7 Point|
|Updated:||2 months ago||Status:||Debating Period|
|Viewed:||194 times||Debate No:||95795|
Parameters and Precepts:
No new arguments will be stated in the defense.
Pro will support abolishing the minimum wage, while Con proclaims the minimum wage to be a beneficial policy.
C1-Minimum Wage Impact:
The impact of the minimum wage should be deemed insignificant. According to Heratage.org, 2.9% of our population makes minimum wage. This piece of evidence obfuscates the minimum wage thesis entirely. The population that is impacted by the minimum wage are young people. Here are the statistics:
79% of the population work part time jobs.
62% of the population are enrolled in school.
68% of the population possess family incomes above 150%.
The impact of raising the minimum wage will benefit the adholescent. A population which a majority of them would be deemed well off. Raising the minimum wage would only benefit 2.9% of our population.
C3-Small Business Impact:
"I am here every day, from 6:30 in the morning to 9:00 at night. I probably average 100 hours a week here at the course," Martha said, noting that hiring more staff is a luxury her small seasonal profit margins haven’t afforded her. Recently, Martha had to let her restaurant’s dishwasher and table busser go — hats she now wears along with her other employees.
If voters approve a hike in Nebraska’s minimum wage floor to $9 an hour by 2016, Martha fears she will have to shoulder an even greater load just to keep her business running. The increased wage and tax costs of the hike would mean fewer hours to schedule for her employees, particularly in the course’s golf shop.
Pat Haines, also a survey respondent, is another entrepreneur who is worried about the proposed increase. Haines runs North Bowl, a bowling alley in North Omaha. Haines knows the business well, in part because he spent his childhood years playing there. He likes giving young people in North Omaha a chance at their first jobs by bringing them on for part-time work at the bowling alley. Haines worries that he will not be able to make as many investments in young people with limited skills and experience if the minimum wage is raised to $9 an hour. He also thinks that the increased labor costs will seriously impact his bottom line, forcing him to raise prices in a community that is sensitive to jumps in the cost of entertainment.
"The money has to come from somewhere. Either I have to raise prices, or do more with fewer employees, or cut the work hours of the ones I already have. But any of those decisions just makes it harder to grow the business, give more people work, and keep our customers coming back so everyone can be paid," Martha said
Gary Tharnish, the president of Burton & Tyrell’s Flowers in Lincoln, expresses similar anxiety about the proposal to increase the minimum wage. Like Haines, Tharnish likes to hire young people seeking their first jobs and then train them to be productive workers. "I hire teenagers and then teach them," Tharnish explains. "Hopefully, at the end of three months they have learned enough to work at the shop. If they work out, they get a raise."
Tharnish says that opportunity might disappear if the minimum wage is ratcheted up to $9 an hour. If that happens, he will have to stop investing so much time on inexperienced young workers and hire older workers who need less supervision. "If the minimum wage is increased I am simply going to look for adults who just want to work a few hours per week and forget about hiring teenagers."
C4: Abolishing the minimum wage:
The current federal minimum wage's impact on our population is null. 2.9% of the individuals on the minimum wage are young people from financially stable families. The minimum wage is only capable of harming people when inceased. A significant portion of economists have claimed that an increase of the minimum wage by 2 dollars would lead to a prollific depletion of 500,000 jobs. Proponents of the minimum wage claim that the minimum wage ceases any attempt my businesses to manipulate employee wages to their own advantage. Those proponents should be informed that the businesses compete for money as much as they compete for employees. If a business purposfully decreases wages that would be percieved to be unfair by the employee, than the employee has every right to find work at another company which assures him financial security. I request that my adversary answer the following questions?
Can you explain why the minimum wage should not deemed to be null?
Higher wages help the economy. The money given to low-paid workers is not thrown into a bottomless pit, but rather spent - and generally in the local community.
The money paid to the employees in wages comes back to the companies in purchases. Indeed, this is exactly what Henry Ford did voluntarily to stimulate demand for his own products. While people said he would be bankrupting himself, he successfully expanded his business with the benefits accorded to paying his workers higher wages.
Indeed there are a host of factors for why the way minimum wage increases work not only minimises any cost but can benefit businesses. In his 2013 report Why Does the Minimum Wage Have No Discernible Effect on Employment? For the Center for Economic and Policy research, John Schmitt set out 11 potential channels which factor into why raising the minimum wage is not forcing businesses to cut employment or go bust as a result of minimum wage increases. Indeed, even businesses feel benefits from minimum wage. For instance higher wages increase staff retention and lower turnover, cutting costs on the hiring process and allowing workers to accumulate skills and be more productive!
For the last couple of decades as the effects of minimum wage have been intensely studied to see if the positives such as this outweigh the negatives. The consensus has been that there is no scientifically significant evidence for the overall negative effects of typical minimum wage increases and indeed reason to think it will have an overall positive impact.
In 2012 an analysis by the IMF, World Bank, OECD and ILO found that for G20 countries “a statutory minimum wage set at an appropriate level may raise labour force participation at the margin, without adversely affecting demand, thus having a net positive impact especially for workers weakly attached to the labour market”. These are some of the most important economic organisatiosn in the world, staffed by experts
The 2013 study by Cooper and Hall found that "Using these same standard fiscal multipliers... we find that increasing the national minimum wage from $7.25 to $10.10 per hour by July 1, 2015, would result in a net increase in economic activity of approximately $32.6 billion over the phase-in period, and over that period would generate approximately 140,000 new jobs".
But how can we be sure that I'm not cherrypicking? Afterall, there are enough studies out there that surely there are some contrary ones. To be sure what I'm saying is reputable we turn to Meta-analyses, which are essentially studies of studies. Meta-analyses "use a set of well-defined statistical techniques to pool the results of a large number of separate analyses. Meta-study techniques effectively increase the amount of data available for analysis and can provide a much sharper picture of statistical relationships than is possible in any individual study. Meta-studies are widely used in medicine, where the results of many small clinical trials can be combined to produce much more accurate estimates of the effectiveness of different kinds of treatments."
They give an idea of what the consensus is in terms of research.
Two notable meta-analyses have been conducted into them potential negative effects that are commonly touted in regards to employers having to cut costs and slash employees. In the study of Hristos Doucouliagos and T. D. Stanley (2009) they found “Two scenarios are consistent with this empirical research record. First, minimum wages may simply have no effect on employment... Second, minimum-wage effects might exist, but they may be too difficult to detect and/or are very small.” Either the negative effects they search for don't exist or are so small that the most sophisticated statistical techniques available can't detect them.
This was confirmed by the research of Paul Wolfson and Dale Belman whose study "revealed no statistically significant negative employment effects of the minimum wage" and indeed found that the studies largest in magnitude showed a positive effects on employment!
Minimum wage has a positive economic effects, with claims of a negative effect being completely overblown and not supported by the evidence.
Moral and Democratic Basis
"A fair day’s-wage for a fair day’s-work: it is as just a demand as governed men ever made of governing. It is the everlasting right of man." - Thomas Carlyle
It plays into our basic morality that people should be paid well and equitably for there work. Studies and polls of popular opinion have shown that this is the majority view.
For instance in one recent notable poll it was found that not only did most people want to see the minimum wage actually raised, but only 8% of the population favoured getting rid of the minimum wage altogether. There is clearly a huge popular consensus on the minimum wage and in a country founded on democratic values the will of the people should be expressed in its laws.
Meanwhile in a major study of people's preferences for wealth distribution, people massively and overwhelmingly thought that more wealth should be redistributed from the top quintile towards the bottom.
This shows that based on popular conceptions of morality, there is a massive and overwhelming amount of support for the minimum wage.
However, when extended to the rest of the world the case for a higher minimum wage becomes even more imperative.
Unicef, for instance, gives the figure of six million children who die each year from causes which are not only preventable but preventable at low cost. The World Food Programme cites 3 million children dying each year from malnutrition and 795 million people in ill health due to lack of food even though the world currently produces enough food to keep everyone fed.
In Malawi, for example, where about 40% of the population lives below the absolute poverty live of £1.25 PER DAY, children as young as five are forced to work in sickening conditions . Literally, the conditions also make them sick. They do this to provide tobacco for companies like BAT, Philip Morris, China National Tobacco Company, Imperial Tobacco and Japan Tobacco - which collectively earned $300bn. That is more money than the GDP of most countries on Earth. It is sickening to think that children must die and slave away to maintain the profit-margins of some of the world's biggest companies.
Children are dying and being forced to work away their childhoods because their families don't have enough money. A minimum wage is required to ensure that this horrific bodycount is done away with. Supporting no minimum wage is not only immoral, but it amounts to the supports of murder - even perhaps genocide seeing as these ill-effects are congregated around specific national and ethnic groups and so fit the criteria.
The Social Struggle Basis
The minimum wage is something that people fought long and hard for, indeed having shed blood for it.
Most Western nations have strikes and labour action, but nowhere near the scale it used to be where the entire country might grind to a halt. This is because the social contract between employers and employees is good enough that people don't feel they need to take drastic and radical action.
With no minimum wage, where it would be legal to pay people pennies a day, the labour movement would become resurgent and we would see massive collective action as hasn't been seen for generations because the minimum wage is viewed as a basic and fundamental part of what Labour is due.
Protests, riots and strikes would follow with all the chaos and economic issues that they cause. You can look to the situation in France, for instance, where far smaller issues than the entire abolition of the minimum wage have caused labour protests and riots. 
Anyone who imagines this is a situation where minimum wages are abolished and then people just carry on as normal is looking at this in a wholly unrealistic fashion. To abolish minimum wage is to create immense social strain and damage the very fabric of society as people will resist its implementation fiercely.
Above I have shown that there is a moral, economic, democratic and societal basis for not abolishing the minimum wage. Amongst other things I have backed this up with several peer reviewed scientific studies which themselves are supported by dozens of scientific studies.
As shown there is a consensus amongst the experts at the world's leading economic organisation and in the research from academics all over the world that the minimum wage is beneficial for countries and that the downsides are blown out of all proportion and essentially non-existent.
Not only that but it would be immoral on several levels to abolish the minimum wage, spitting in the eyes of working people and damning the chances of millions of people who will die each year because they can't afford what they need to live.
It is clear that the evidence all points in one direction and that is that the minimum wage should never be abolished and if anything should be increased.
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