The Instigator
Shifu
Con (against)
Tied
0 Points
The Contender
TheEnigma
Pro (for)
Tied
0 Points

On balance, the rise of China is beneficial to the interests of the United States

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Voting Style: Open Point System: 7 Point
Started: 8/24/2013 Category: Economics
Updated: 3 years ago Status: Post Voting Period
Viewed: 571 times Debate No: 36994
Debate Rounds (5)
Comments (2)
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Shifu

Con

Our framework for this resolution specifies three main categories for the term "interests." (1) economic benefits, (2) safety of public health, (3) national security.

Contention 1: Chinese currency manipulation harms the economy
China has long been accused of keeping the yuan artificially low by hoarding foreign reserves. That, in turn, gives Chinese exporters an advantage over competitors. It works like this: In an effort to control the exchange rate, China sells its own currency, while making large purchases of foreign currencies, often the U.S. dollar. Currency devaluation helps China by boosting its exports, and hurts the United States by widening the "trade deficit."

In the 15 months since China announced that it would float its currency, the yuan has appreciated a paltry 6 percent against the U.S. dollar, well below what economists say it should. In fact, according to one reputable estimate, the yuan is still 28 percent below its true value.

The currency manipulation by China costs at least 1 million American jobs, according to Fred Bergsten, director of the Peterson Institute for International Economics. Bergsten has said it "is by far the largest protectionist measure adopted by any country since the Second World War." Another think-tank found 2.8 million manufacturing jobs were lost between 2001-2010 due to outsourcing.

The U.S trade deficit with China has hit an all-time high in 2012: $295.5 billion, just shy of $300 billion with an 8.2 percent annual increase. The Economic Populist has calculated that China accounts for 40.7 percent of our total trade deficit. Overall, China holds about $1.173 trillion of US debt. Although this does not directly harm the United States, it poses a great threat. Since China is the US"s number one foreign creditor, it could do serious damage to our economy if it were to start selling off parts of our debt.

As our manufacturers compete with Chinese companies to produce the products of the 21st century currency manipulation is one of the most effective tools China is using to give its exporters an upper hand.

Contention 2: Chinese quality products are excessively dangerous
The Chinese have peddled numerous toxic products to American consumers, including everything from children"s toys to adult vitamins to pet food. The U.S. government regularly stops more poisonous or faulty products at the border that were imported from the PRC than from any other nation. In April 2011, for example, the Food and Drug Administration issued 197 import refusals for Chinese goods, compared to 107 for India and 105 for Mexico, the two next most prolific purveyors of bad merchandise.

In 2011, Tween Brands Inc. pulled toy jewelry made in China off of American store shelves for containing high levels of cadmium, an extremely dangerous metallic compound capable of causing cancer, mental retardation, and death. The maximum safety limit for cadmium in products is 0.3%, but these toys were 69% cadmium. Other recalled toys had cadmium levels of over 90%. Over 80% of toys are made in China, and many contain dangerous levels of toxic materials such as cadmium and lead.

Within a four-month period of 2011, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration rejected 298 shipments of Chinese foods for being poisonous. The FDA is only able to inspect 1% of the shipments that come in.

In the Pulitzer-Prize winning series A Toxic Pipeline: Coverage by investigative journalists Walt Bogdanich and Jake Hooker tracks a number of poisonous Chinese medicines across 4 continents, including America, where these medicines were traced to 62 deaths.

The exports and imports of these products will rise as China economically rises, which dramatically harms the safety of public health, according to the Christian Science Monitor.

Contention 3: The rise of China has had negative impacts on our national security.
Subpoint A: Cyber warfare.

According to a draft of the US-China Economic and Security Review Commission"s annual report to Congress, Chinese hackers are employing "increasingly advanced types of operations or operations against specialized targets."

According to one recent report, one in every three observed computer attacks in the third quarter of 2012 emanated from China. The revelations emerge as the New York Times and the Wall Street Journal discovered that their computer systems had been infiltrated by Chinese hackers. Cyber security experts say the alleged attack on The New York Times appeared to be similar to previously reported attacks that were linked to China. Security experts who helped the newspaper to counter the attacks accumulated evidence that the hackers used methods 'associated with the Chinese military in the past' to breach the network. A new Department of Defense report warns that not only is China responsible for many of the cyberattacks on US military computer systems, but that the country continues to launch cyber operations that threaten the US economy as well.

Subpoint B: U.S. opposes Chinese claim to ownership of Senkaku islands

Within the East China Sea, there lies an archipelago of five uninhabited islands known as the senkaku islands. The surrounding waters contain a number of key shipping routes, as well as several fishing lanes and some oil deposits. Japan annexed the islands in 1895, as well as the surrounding waters. However, China claims that they had a pre-existing claim to the islands that was never officially recorded. These islands have therefore been a constant source of tension between the nations, and have increased dramatically within the last few months.

The situation began to escalate in April of 2012 when Tokyo governor Shintaro Ishihara announced that he intended to buy the islands, which were then independently owned by the Kurihara family. the transaction was completed in September, nationalizing Japanese control of the islands. China's Foreign Ministry objected saying Beijing would not "sit back and watch its territorial sovereignty violated."

All Chinese military actions have been placed under the direct command and coordination of a top-level task force. For the last few months, Chinese ships have been regularly patrolling in waters around the islands, regularly sending government ships into Japan"s claimed exclusive economic zone, and sometimes into Japanese-claimed territorial waters. There have been numerous reports of Japanese vessels being targeted by Chinese military vessels. China has even openly maintained that its ships have chased Japanese vessels from the contested waters.

The Jan. 14 edition of the PLA Daily said the PLA General Staff Department told all military branches to prepare for war. The military source said the order was issued in response to tensions in the East China Sea over the Senkaku Islands and meant that all military branches were preparing for war. After the latest order was issued, the PLA shifted fighters from inland areas to coastal areas such as Shanghai and made other moves, Japanese and U.S. government sources said. Fortunately, the chinese military backed off after about two weeks for unconfirmed reasons. However, the fact remains that they were ready.

How does this affect the U.S.? Secretary of State Hillary Clinton said "We acknowledge the islands are under the administration of Japan, and we oppose any unilateral actions that would seek to undermine Japanese administration" and pledged American commitment to defend Japan against an armed attack. What"s more, the United States holds numerous military bases on the island of Okinawa that serve as a foothold for American presence in the East. China includes Okinawa in its claim on the Senkaku islands, given its proximity to the archipelago. Therefore, China"s military actions are already clearly not in the interest of the United States. Furthermore, seeing as the dispute over the islands shows no signs of stopping, as China"s military continues to grow, they are more and more likely to take action.
TheEnigma

Pro

I would like to first apologize to my opponent for accepting this debate in the first place, as I mistakenly assumed that I was taking on the role of the Con. I submit that his argument is sound and valid.

I attempted to research counter arguments in order to provide a decent method of testing the Cons ideas, but after two days of research I am woefully ill prepared to debate this resolution. For this reason, I submit to the Cons arguments.
Debate Round No. 1
Shifu

Con

Shifu forfeited this round.
TheEnigma

Pro

I'm unsure if my opponent forfeited his round to give me more time or has forgotten the debate. Either way, I will post to advance the rounds.
Debate Round No. 2
Shifu

Con

Shifu forfeited this round.
TheEnigma

Pro

TheEnigma forfeited this round.
Debate Round No. 3
Shifu

Con

Shifu forfeited this round.
TheEnigma

Pro

I would encourage my opponent not to post lengthy debate arguments then disappear for weeks. Advancing the round.
Debate Round No. 4
Shifu

Con

Shifu forfeited this round.
TheEnigma

Pro

TheEnigma forfeited this round.
Debate Round No. 5
2 comments have been posted on this debate. Showing 1 through 2 records.
Posted by Shifu 3 years ago
Shifu
@anonymouse I have absolutely no idea if any of those facts are true, however even if they are, thats not even the topic of this resolution. If the US produces dangerous chemicals and puts them into products, then it still doesnt change the face that China does this on a much larger scale.
Posted by anonymouse 3 years ago
anonymouse
the reason why the u.s regime is even able to function is because of the money they extort from China. the u.s regime is a parasite regime. not to mention that the land that we call the usa is actually stolen from the native americans. so lets not talk about claims to the diaoyu islands. that cyber warfare bit is funny since your own man edward snowden condemed the u.s regime for cyber attacks. as far as Chinese products being dangerous, you know the u.s makes ddt, a poisonous chemical used to kill bugs. it was outlawed in the u.s, but the u.s corporations continued selling it to third world countries, knowing it was poisonous, and if you resisted buying poisonous american chemicals, then the u.s military attacks you. i guess thats why the u.s regime spends so much on military. have you ever seen the movie super size me? the u.s knowingly sells food that is damaging towards peoples health, and no one seems to be able to stop that.
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