The Instigator
cduffy05
Pro (for)
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The Contender
pakicetus
Con (against)
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Parts of the gender wage gap can be "explained away," but not all of it.

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Voting Style: Open Point System: 7 Point
Started: 10/22/2015 Category: Economics
Updated: 1 year ago Status: Post Voting Period
Viewed: 351 times Debate No: 81370
Debate Rounds (3)
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cduffy05

Pro

The gender wage gap clearly exists and should be recognized as such. Many people have heard that the gender wage gap was 21% as of 2014, where men were making more than women. Critics of the wage gap say that the wage gap exists because of career choices that women make. Although this is partly true due to "choice of college major and job pursued," research performed by aauw.org (http://www.aauw.org...) says that:

After accounting for college major, occupation, economic sector, hours worked, months unemployed since graduation, GPA, type of undergraduate institution, institution selectivity, age, geographical region, and marital status, Graduating to a Pay
Gap found that a 7 percent difference in the earnings of male and female
college graduates one year after graduation was still unexplained" (AAUW).

I challenge someone who believes that the gender pay gap is a myth, or any lesser extreme.
pakicetus

Con

That a gap in the unadjusted median incomes of men and women is, of course, a fact. Ergo, I won't call it a "myth". That said, the fact that the gap exists doesn't really mean much - what matters is the cause.

I've come across the AAUW paper before, and it doesn't do much to lend credence to the idea that a significant portion of the gap is definitively caused by sexual discrimination. While it should be given credit for being far more comprehensive than other reports on the wage gap, it still failed to account for several (extremely significant) factors) that would've likely given very different results.

For example:

The paper did not account for the fact that men are much more likely than women to take overtime work/overwork.

http://asr.sagepub.com...
http://stats.bls.gov...

Productivity disparities were not accounted for either. Several studies have shown that, when adjusted for these disparities, women are paid at least as much as men are.

http://link.springer.com...
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov...

Work absence was not accounted for. Women are far more likely to be absent from work than men are

http://www.bls.gov...
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov...

Women are also more likely to take non-monetary compensation

http://www.consad.com...

There are many more significant factors the paper ignored, but I'll go into them in the following rounds.

Can absolutely all of the gap be definitively stated to have nothing to do with sexism? No. Is the AAUW paper's estimate correct? No.
Debate Round No. 1
cduffy05

Pro

cduffy05 forfeited this round.
pakicetus

Con

Pro forfeits, round goes to Con.
Debate Round No. 2
cduffy05

Pro

cduffy05 forfeited this round.
pakicetus

Con

Pro forfeits, round goes to Con.
Debate Round No. 3
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