The Instigator
tristan2686
Pro (for)
Winning
2 Points
The Contender
sak94
Con (against)
Losing
0 Points

Resovled:The United States should withdraw from NAFTA

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Voting Style: Open Point System: 7 Point
Started: 10/9/2010 Category: Politics
Updated: 6 years ago Status: Voting Period
Viewed: 3,816 times Debate No: 13330
Debate Rounds (3)
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Votes (3)

 

tristan2686

Pro

I affirm todays resolution
Resolved: The United States should withdraw from NAFTA
Contention 1: NAFTA has increased the U.S. trade deficit with Canada and Mexico
Ever since the implantation of NAFTA in 1993, the United States deficit with Mexico and Canada has increased. According to Economic Policy Institute, report titled the "Price of Free Trade", "The resulting $30 billion U.S. net export deficit with these countries in 1993 increased by 281% to $85 billion in 2002." And this number is only expected to continue to grow. In a time of economic downturn, having the United States stay in a program that only increases its deficit is Cleary not beneficiary and is only a reason to withdraw.
Contention 2: Job Loss
Since NAFTA provides incentives for companies to invest in Mexico and Canada, it has caused severe job loss among Americans, as companies continue to outsource jobs. According to a Economic Policy Institute, report titled "NAFTA-related job losses have piled up since 1993" NAFTA has caused a loss of 879,280 jobs between 1993-2003, and this is the net loss of jobs, meaning this figure already incorporates the number of jobs that are created in the U.S. because of NATO. This job loss is precisely the reason why Representative Gene Taylor introduced a bill that would withdraw the United States from NAFTA. According to a 2010 Reuters report, Taylor claims that "NAFTA has cost the United States millions of manufacturing jobs and hurt national security by encouraging companies to move production to Mexico." This is all happening at a time when the unemployment rate is between 10 and 12%. NAFTA is denying U.S citizen's jobs because companies are moving to Mexico and taking the jobs with them.

Contention 3: NAFTA increases illegal immigration from Mexico
The one of the main ideas behind NAFTA was that with the free trade flowing between the U.S., and Mexico, would increase the standard of living in Mexico and Mexican citizens would illegally entering the United States. However, that is not the case, since NAFTA actually destroyed the Mexican economy by eliminating the tariffs protecting domestic Mexican businesses. A New York Times article titled "NAFTA should have Stopped Illegal immigration right?" reported "Indeed, despite the influx of foreign-owned factories, total manufacturing employment in Mexico declined to 3.5 million by 2004 from a high of 4.1 million in 2000, according to a calculation of Robert A. Blecker, an American University economist. As relatively well-paying jobs disappeared, Mexico's average wage for production workers, already low, fell further behind the average hourly pay of production workers in the United States, and Mexicans responded by migrating."
sak94

Con

I negate the resolution Resolved: The United States should withdraw from NAFTA.

Contention 1: Jobs

Since the United States entered NAFTA, thousands of jobs have been created. According to the Council on Foreign Relations, since NAFTA�€™s creation employment rates increased by 24%, a much larger increase than that which the US experienced before its entrance into NAFTA. AS a result, thousands of people have been given jobs each and every year. According to CATO, within the first few years of NATO�€™s creation, NAFTA created almost 150,000 every three weeks and that �€œcivilian employment has grown by more than 8 million, including a net increase of half a million jobs in manufacturing.�€� Along with creating jobs, NAFTA also led to an increase in wages for those working. Also according to the Council on Foreign Relations, �€œinflation-adjusted U.S. wages rose 19.3 percent between 1993 and 2007, as compared to only 11 percent in the fourteen years prior.�€� These jobs thrive on free trade and without NAFTA, it is likely that these jobs will be gone.

Contention 2: Investment

Since NAFTA�€™s creation, investment in US industries by foreign bodies as well as investments by the US in Mexican industries have increased. According to CATO, investment in US companies increased by one-third since NAFTA�€™s creation causing the US to become the number one destination for foreign capital. Such investment has helped many companies, especially those in manufacturing, gain more profit and thrive. The United States�€™ investment in Mexican companies through NAFTA has also benefited both the United States. According to the National Center for Policy Analysis, the United States accounts for over half the investment in Mexico and invested over half of the $19 billion invested there in 2006. Such investment has helped the United States increase domestic production. Also according to the National Center for Policy Analysis �€œMany manufacturing companies are able to reduce costs by shifting assembly of their products to the maquiladoras. This has helped boost U.S. manufacturing output, which rose by almost 60 percent from 1993 to 2006. By contrast, output increased only 42 percent in the 13 years before NAFTA.�€� As investment continues to remain high because of NAFTA, US withdrawal from it would result in a large decrease in foreign investment.

Contention 3: Benefits to Mexico

Not only has the United States benefited from its presence in NAFTA, but so has Mexico which has benefits similar to those in the United States. Since NAFTA was created, jobs in Mexico have also increased. According to the National Center for Policy Analysis, as of 2005 �€œthe Mexican affiliates of U.S. companies employed nearly 840,000 people who contributed 3.3 percent to Mexico's GDP.�€� As a result of a larger labor force, Mexico�€™s exports have also largely increased. According to the Council on Foreign Relations �€œMexican exports to the United States have quadrupled since NAFTA's implementation, from $60 billion to $280 billion per year.�€� As a result of such large amounts of exports, Mexican industries that export have also paid their employees higher wages than did companies that did not export. According to the Mexican Secretariat of Economy, �€œexporting companies pay salaries 37 percent higher than those that don't export.�€� Such benefits have been available to Mexico largely because of the United States being a part of NAFTA, which allowed Mexico to both export to the United States and gain investments from the United States. If the United States withdraws from NAFTA, it is likely Mexico will lose a lot of the benefits.
Debate Round No. 1
tristan2686

Pro

In response to my opponents first contention about jobs, remember that while NAFTA has created jobs, the jobs lost due to NAFTA far outweigh the jobs gained. Remember my evidence from the Economic Policy Institute that stated that NAFTA has caused the loss of 879,280 jobs from just 1993-2003. Furthermore remember the bill from Representative Gene Taylor, where he is pushing for the United States to withdraw from NAFTA because it has caused the loss of millions of manufacturing jobs.

In response to my opponents second contention about investment, remember my contention about inflation, in which I stated that since the U.S. joining NATO, the U.S. deficit with Canada and Mexico has grown by 281%, to 85 billion dollars, so unless my opponent can outweigh this 85 billion, then he has lost this contention

Finally in response to my opponents final contention about how Mexico benefits from NAFTA, remember my contention about illegal immigration from Mexico increasing because of NAFTA. Robert A. Blecker, an American University economist reported that "As relatively well-paying jobs disappeared, Mexico's average wage for production workers, already low, fell further behind the average hourly pay of production workers in the United States, and Mexicans responded by migrating." Furthermore, Mexico was devastated by NAFTA because NAFTA destroyed its protective tariffs and allowed American business to destroy Mexican owned manufacturing business.
Therefore since my opponent has no arguments left standing, the affirmative side has clearly the debate
sak94

Con

sak94 forfeited this round.
Debate Round No. 2
tristan2686

Pro

tristan2686 forfeited this round.
sak94

Con

sak94 forfeited this round.
Debate Round No. 3
No comments have been posted on this debate.
3 votes have been placed for this debate. Showing 1 through 3 records.
Vote Placed by 16kadams 4 years ago
16kadams
tristan2686sak94Tied
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Vote Placed by Angelo 5 years ago
Angelo
tristan2686sak94Tied
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Vote Placed by GMDebater 5 years ago
GMDebater
tristan2686sak94Tied
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Total points awarded:10