The Instigator
HeatherSandler1
Pro (for)
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The Contender
Cassellie1
Con (against)
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Should In Vitro fetilization be aloud?

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Voting Style: Open Point System: 7 Point
Started: 1/10/2011 Category: Science
Updated: 6 years ago Status: Voting Period
Viewed: 2,528 times Debate No: 14343
Debate Rounds (3)
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Votes (1)

 

HeatherSandler1

Pro


Argument 1: Assisting Infertile Couples

In vitro fertilization assists infertile couples in allowing them to have children of their own. These are couples that would like to (and should be allowed to) start their own families, and in vitro fertilization allows them to do so. Over one million infants have been conceived with in vitro fertilization. As a result of in vitro, these couples can start families of their own, despite infertility and conception issues.

Argument 2: A Proven Method

Compared to other methods of conception, in vitro fertilization has been proven successful. In fact, according to the Boston IVF and Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, chances of a successful birth rate via in vitro fertilization are from 65% to 86% in women aged 23 to 42.

Argument 3: Pro Multiple Egg Harvest

In Vitro Fertilization should be allowed because it assists women in many ways. One example would be Multiple Eggs Harvest. This In Vitro technique is essential to older women who want children. Harvesting of the eggs only has to happen once, this way older women can freeze their eggs while they are young, but can still have a baby when they are older.

Argument 4: Safe

In vitro fertilization is controlled in a safe environment. Doctors follow all steps of the procedure, making the families involved feel safe and secure.

Cassellie1

Con


Ethical question: Should couples get the option of in vitro if they can’t conceive naturally?
Definition: Fertilization of an egg outside of the woman’s body then putting the zygote back into the woman’s body.
Cons to In Vitro Fertilization:
· The most common danger of in-vitro is that it will not work.
o There is nothing to suggest that in-vitro fertilization will make natural conception easier or harder for the woman in the future.
o Most women have to try more than once to succeed in getting pregnant. On average a women using in vitro has to try at least twice before she has success in getting pregnant… and that still doesn’t mean that the baby will live and be healthy.
- The ups and downs of going through the in vitro fertilization process can take an enormous emotional toll on all parties involved, particularly if they experience failures à DEPRESSION
o There is some pain associated with the process of removing the woman's eggs, however, and there is a surgical procedure involved.
o On average, about 35% of women using this fertility treatment are able to become pregnant while 29% of women will have a live birth. Your chances of success vary according to your age
- A woman in her 20s may have as much as a 50% chance of becoming pregnant while a woman in her 40s only has about a 20% chance.
· In addition to the increased likelihood of a multiple pregnancy, women undergoing IVF have a greater risk of experiencing health risks.
-Ectopic pregnancy= pregnancy that occurs outside of the uterine cavity… BABY DIES or the baby will live for a few months then die. &if not treated properly the mother can die
o A serious side effect from using fertility drugs is a condition known as ovarian hyper stimulation syndrome (OHSS).
- Becomes a risk in women who develop more than 20 follicles in response to the fertility drugs. In these circumstances the blood estrogen levels are often very high, & this combination causes OHSS."
-if the drugs stimulate the ovaries too much, the ovaries can suddenly become very swollen & fluid can leak into the belly & chest area
· There is now indication from a study published suggesting that babies conceived by IVF have a 1 in 10 risk of birth defects, double the risk of babies born naturally.
o The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention have reported that IVF babies have a higher risk of certain birth defects
- A hole between the chambers of the heart
- clef lip
- improperly developed esophagus
- malformed rectum
    • Gene expression can be slightly altered by growing outside of the body. This alterations can cause the following syndromes:
      • Beckwith-Weidemann Syndrome- which means the child has a fifteen percent risk of childhood cancers of the liver, kidney, muscle, and other abnormalities including a large tongue, abdominal-wall defects and low levels of blood sugar.
      • - Angleman Syndrome- causes mental retardation, motor defects, and the inability to speak
o Babies are more likely to be born prematurely.
· In the 21st century today estimated that there are 9 million children around the world living without a home
Debate Round No. 1
HeatherSandler1

Pro

REBUTTAL:
"The most common danger of in-vitro is that it will not work.":
While you argue that there is nothing to suggest that IVF will make natural conception easier or harder for women in the future, this is not generally the purpose of IVF. Women using IVF are already experiencing infertility issues, and the purpose of IVF for them is so that they can have a child of their own, not necessarily to "make natural conception easier."
While women undergoing in vitro may have to try more than once to succeed in getting pregnant, in vitro still has a higher success rate than other methods of getting pregnant, especially for couples with infertility issues. While there is an emotional toll taken on the couple if in vitro fails, wouldn't it be less emotionally draining than continuing to attempt to get pregnant with proven infertility issues?
For the issue of pain in receiving eggs, we have a quote from Dina Capuano, a woman who went through in vitro fertilization a few years ago. Dina says "Retrieval day, when they removed my eggs, really wasn't bad at all. I was put under anesthesia for a very short time and came out of it without any problems." The surgical procedure is virtually painless, and the women going through in vitro know what to expect prior to the process.
While you give statistics stating that "A woman in her 20's may have as much as a 50% chance of becoming pregnant…", we have different statistics. Ours are, according to the Boston IVF and Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, chances of a successful birth rate via in vitro fertilization are from 65% to 86% in women aged 23 to 42. In your statistics, we noticed no source was stated.

"Women undergoing IVF have a greater risk of experiencing health risks."
While the procedure of IVF is can become risky, as long as it is done in a safe, controlled environment, health risks are drastically lowered. The doctors follow all steps of the procedure of IVF, making the families involved feel very safe and secure.

"Babies conceived by IVF have a 1 in 10 risk of birth defects, double the risk of babies born naturally."
While this is a risk, scientists can continue to work on this statistic, and eventually this will be lowered. There is a risk with anything, and these couples are aware of these particular risks. However, couples continue to use IVF despite these risks because they want to have children of their own, and IVF is one of the least risky and most successful ways to do so. Hopefully this statistic will be improved drastically in future years, as scientists are already working on doing so.

"There are 9 million children around the world living without a home.":
While adoption is an option for infertile couples, it is an expensive, long process that does not allow parents to have "children of their own." According to Adoption Services, it can take a year for couples to go through the adoption process. This is a long time of waiting, and adoption is not always guaranteed by the end of this time period. Adoption can also cost up to $40,000, which is an expensive fee for many couples who would like to have children.
Cassellie1

Con

Cassellie1 forfeited this round.
Debate Round No. 2
HeatherSandler1

Pro

HeatherSandler1 forfeited this round.
Cassellie1

Con

Cassellie1 forfeited this round.
Debate Round No. 3
No comments have been posted on this debate.
1 votes has been placed for this debate.
Vote Placed by Ragnar 3 years ago
Ragnar
HeatherSandler1Cassellie1Tied
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Reasons for voting decision: "aloud?" Resolution fail.