Should Selling Human Organs be Illegal or Legal?
Debate Rounds (5)
If organ selling becomes legal to sell then there will be less donations made which can bring down the chances of poor people to get what the transplantation they need (Dworkin). Also, with it being expected for people to pay for organs then you still need to pay for the transplants. If sold then processes for organ transplants will longer and increased. In organ trafficking kidneys are sold around $400-$500 and transplants are $1000-$8000(Dworkin). if legal it will bring up prices making it harder for poor people to get transplants. These are distributing consequences if made legal.
With organ transplants there is the risk of infection due to immunosuppressant medications. There is also the risk of a rejection of the transplanted organ. A potential threat is for blood transfusion due to blood loss in the operating room (UC Davis). A related risk for transmission of infectious diseases from the donor (UC Davis). The infectious disease can be passed to recipient. It is a possibility that a disease can be undetected and the disease may be passed on to the patient causing health issues. It is less likely to get AIDs, other viruses, or cancer but it can show up that there is no sign of cancers or viruses.
"Potential Risks of Transplant Surgery." Http://www.ucdmc.ucdavis.edu.... UC Davis Health System Transplant Center, n.d. Web. 11 Apr. 2014. <http://www.ucdmc.ucdavis.edu...;.
According to some religions selling your organs it is not okay to be doing good then asking to be paid for your good deed. It should be a selfless act. Some religions see the human body as sacred and cannot be tampered with. Some Muslims believe that your health will be cured by god and only god can cure it rather than getting organ transplants (cogprints, 7). In Chinese ethic origin it was wrong to return a person"s body not intact with their organs (cogprints, 8). They need to go back with all their organs. The body is a very sacred thing and shouldn"t be tampered with (cogprints).
"Organ Transplants: Ethical, Social and Religious Issues in a Multi - Cultural Society." Cogprints.org. N.p., n.d. Web. 11 Apr. 2014. <http://cogprints.org...;.
When you sell your organs you are practically selling yourself like a slave. Just like how now there are restrictions on how a person can sell for labor (Bioethics). Uses their body for themselves but cannot turn that body over to other for their permanent use and benefit (Bioethics). It is voluntary slavery when selling their organs for money. If you own something does not "confer" the absolute right to transfer ownership and control to anyone else in any manner you wish (Kishore). Selling organs is like selling yourself for prostitution and being a voluntary slave to others.
Friedman, E. A., and A. L. Friedman. "Payment for Donor Kidneys: Pros and Cons." Nature.com. Nature Publishing Group, 15 Feb. 2006. Web. 12 Apr. 2014. <http://www.nature.com...;.
Kishore, R. R. "Human Organs, Scarcities, and Sale: Morality Revisited." Journal of Medical Ethics. Indian Society for Health Laws and Ethics, 17 July 2004. Web. 11 Apr. 2014. <http://jme.bmj.com...;.
"Bioethics: Selling Organs for Transplants." Bioethics: Selling Organs for Transplants. N.p., n.d. Web. 11 Apr. 2014. <http://atheism.about.com...;.
In Pakistan"s for profit market showed that 70% donors were slaves or bonded laborers (Ireland). They don"t have access to excellent health care. A market for organs treats the poor as "tools available for the right price" (Ireland). Even with getting paid it does not even make them an improvement in a economic status. "Unequal bargaining power the price paid to the poor will not be fair" (Dwrokin). It is most likely to sell are those who need the money, but 98% reported a subsequent decline in health after the donation (Ireland). "Dignitary Harm" results exploitation the economically vulnerable (Ireland). Poor people are the most likely to sell organs since they are in need of money exploiting them and selling themselves.
Ireland, Corydon. "Ethicists, Philosophers Discuss Selling of Human Organs | Harvard Gazette." Http://news.harvard.edu.... Harvard Gazette, 14 Feb. 2008. Web. 12 Apr. 2014. <http://news.harvard.edu...;.
Cohen, Eric. "The President's Council on Bioethics: Organ Transplantation: Defining the Ethical and Policy Issues." Https://bioethicsarchive.georgetown.edu.... The President's Council on Bioethics: Organ Transplantation: Defining the Ethical and Policy Issues, n.d. Web. 11 Apr. 2014. https://bioethicsarchive.georgetown.edu...
Dworkin, Gerald. Markets and Morals: The Case for Organ Sales. Westview: n.p., 1994. PDF.
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