Should abortion be legal
Debate Rounds (3)
http://miscarriage.about.com... if life is said as something that can live without the womb than the earliest a human is alive is 24 weeks into the pregnancy. So life is at twenty four weeks but if the woman has known she was pregnant for 22 weeks than has she had enough time to think. Most women would have the hardest decision of their life during this 24 weeks, the real question on abortion is not if its should be legal but when should the cut off for an abortion be.
The killing of an innocent human should be illegal.
Abortion is the killing of an innocent human.
Therefore, abortion should be illegal.
Now, I don't expect anyone to have a problem with the first premise, but where I expect to see some debate is over the second premise, that abortion is the killing of an innocent human, so that will be what I defend in my first case. This premise assumes three things about abortion: First, that it is a killing, second, that the victim is innocent, and third, that the victim is human. So I will tackle these three claims:
1. Abortion is a killing. By definition, to kill is to end the life of ____ (M-W). This means that in order for abortion to be a killing, a fetus must be alive, and this is where the biggest pro-choice argument lies. Most pro-choice arguments rest on the idea that life begins after birth, and not conception. So in order to decide whether a fetus really does qualify as "living," here's a definition for life: "The property or quality that distinguishes living organisms from dead organisms and inanimate matter, manifested in functions such as metabolism, growth, reproduction, and response to stimuli or adaptation to the environment originating from within the organism." (The Free Dictionary) In short, life is the quality that distinguishes living organisms from dead organisms (a pretty reasonable definition). I think we can agree that a fetus has this quality - it is definitely distinguishable from a dead organism. Otherwise, what qualifies a stillborn child as dead, if (s)he was never alive in the first place?
Now, I know that some people say that a fetus isn't alive because it cannot survive outside the womb, and yet, no one bothers to argue that parasites aren't alive. I'm not saying that a fetus has the worth of a parasite, I am only saying that they are equally alive. No one actually defines life to be the ability to survive independently of another organism, outside of the issue of abortion; we still refer to our organs and parasitic creatures as "alive." But as soon as abortion comes up, we come up with all these excuses for denying a fetus' life.
2. The victim of an abortion is innocent. Now, I don't expect to have any debate over this point either, but just in case, I have a definition for that too: Innocent: Not guilty of a crime or other wrong act (M-W)
3. The victim of an abortion is human. By definition (The American Heritage Dictionary of Student Science), a human is a member of the species Homo sapiens; a human being. Now, have you ever heard of a single creature (not a species that is evolving over successive generations) changing from one species to another? No. No one claims that that can happen. So in order to ever become a human, a fetus must already be a human, because no creature can actually change its species.
Now, onto Pro's case:
1. Women's rights. No one gets to argue that the killing of an innocent human is within their rights. That's not an excuse. Can I claim that I need the right to shoot someone in the head in order to support "women's rights?" No. We all have boundaries.
2. A fetus is not a fully functional human being until 24 weeks. It is functional, it is just dependent on its mother for most of its functions. This does not mean it is not alive, as I have addressed under my first point.
In conclusion, because a fetus is an innocent, living human, its life must be legally protected.
Coat hangers as unpleasant as it sounds it is a method, and most likely the most dangerous if the women missed the fetus and hit an internal organ that would mean the loss of the fetus and internal bleeding and injury or death of the woman.
Bleach, alcohol, and pills: may induce a miscarriage or leave the fetus with life long physical and mental disabilities.
Crime; if these fetuses make it to humanhood they will either stay with a mother who will be in poverty or will be adopted to either a middle class family or will not be adopted and have a much greater chance of going into a life of crime.
In 1973 abortion was made legal and when unborn pregnancies would have been 18 old enough to have a crime committed crime rates started to drop. Crime rates rose from 1960 until 1991 and the 1992 crime rates took a sudden down turn that has still continued http://www.disastercenter.com....
1. Abortion is the killing of an innocent human life
"Life is the condition that distinguishes organisms from inorganic objects and dead organisms, being manifested by growth through metabolism, reproduction, and the power of adaption to environment through changes that originate internally."
The definition provide is from dictionary.com as was the cons side. The last statement states that life has to be able to grow with its own metabolism and be able to adapt to the environment through changes that ordinate internally. If one was to preform an emergency c section before 24 weeks of pregnancy even the doctors will not help because there is to great a chance the fetus will not live because it does not have one major property of life the ability to adapt.
2. "The case assumes that abortion is killing"
Assuming and stating are two different things abortion is not defined as killin abortion is defined as "the removal of the embryo or fetus to end a pregnancy" dictionary.com.
Abortion has kept the crime rates lower and has saved women's lives from the dangers of home abortion.
Here, I will respond to Pro's arguments.
Stuhan18 forfeited this round.
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