Consensual prostitution: the act of willingly engaging in sexual activity for money. Many people associate prostitution with scenarios such as the one seen in Taken (2008 thriller). Allow me to announce to all voters that this is not CONSENSUAL prostitution where both parties willingly have sex in exchange for money, but it is rather a form of human trafficking. If anyone is not familiar with the term, then I shall provide a definition:
Human trafficking; Human trafficking is the trade of humans, most commonly for the purpose of sexual slavery, forced labor or commercial sexual exploitation for the trafficker or others. (https://www.google.com...
There is a clearly defined line drawn between CONSENSUAL prostitution and human trafficking, as consensual prostitution is when both parties involved in performing the deed are respecting the consent of one another, where as trafficking does not pay attention to consent. In other words, one allows the involved parties the power of choice whether or not they wish to perform prostitution, where as the latter does not offer any choice to one or the other parties. I agree that trafficking should remain illegal, and more should be done to enforce that law, but is it necessary for consensual prostitution, where they chose to do the act, and were not forced to? Nobody outside of the two parties that made the decision to be prostitutes and customers were harmed.
This brings me to the harm principle by John Stuart Mill. The most important piece of this concept reads as follows: "Liberty consists in the freedom to do everything which injures no one else; hence the exercise of the natural rights of each man has no limits except those which assure to the other members of the society the enjoyment of the same rights. These limits can only be determined by the law." (https://en.m.wikipedia.org...
#) The reason why I emphasize on this point is that consensual prostitution does not interfere with the rights of others. In consensual prostitution, as I have already alloted to beforehand, everyone involved in this particular type of prostitution does so with each other's CONSENT. It also does not affect anyone outside of the deed, as nobody is constantly watching any particular person, much less with kids. In that sense, consensual prostitution should not be illegal as it does not infringe on the personal rights of any citizens, involved or not.
Let us hear the arguments of con...
My Argument: Prostitution should be considered a crime as it creates victims.
The crux of why I stand opposed to the resolution is simple. Prostitution should be considered a crime as it creates victims. This argument will be in two parts. First showing definitively that prostitution is dangerous and second showing that the legalization of prostitution does not change its danger.
I will be referencing this table through-out. (1)
Argument 2 Part 1: Prostitution is dangerous
A: Prostitution spreads disease
As the table above indicates 50% of prostitutes have HIV in the world. In the USA it is estimated that 20% of prostitutes in America have an STD.
“In the United States, the rate of HIV infection among prostitutes varies from state to state. In New Jersey, 57 percent of prostitutes are HIV-positive” (2)
B: Prostitution is psychologically harmful
“Many prostitutes experience post-traumatic stress disorder because of rape and other assaults as well as the trauma of daily sexual contact with dominant strangers.” (2)
C: Prostitution has a disturbingly high mortality rate
“Mortality in a long-term Open Cohort of Prostitute women” a study published in the American Journal of Epidemiology found the “death rate among active prostitutes of 459 per 100,000 person-years, which is 5.9 times that for the (age and race adjusted) general population. This corresponds to an occupational fatality rate more than triple that of fishing workers (the highest fatality profession tracked by the US Bureau of Labor Statistics).” (3)
D: Violence against prostitutes.
“Eighty-five percent of prostitutes surveyed in Minnesota had been raped, according to a 1994 study of violence and prostitution. In another study, Farley and Kelly found that of 475 women interviewed in South Africa, Thailand, Turkey, the United States and Zambia, nearly 75 percent had been physically assaulted and 62 percent had been raped. A 1994 study by the Council for Prostitution Alternatives in Portland, Ore., found that prostitutes were raped an average of once a week.”(2)
Due to the spread of disease, the psychological damage, the high mortality rate, and the direct violence against prostitutes, it is empirically evident that Prostitution is dangerous.
Argument 2 Part 2: Legalization of prostitution does not change its danger.
As it has been established that prostitution is harmful we can now address if legalizing such a practice impacts the danger.
“The U.S. Government adopted a strong position against legalized prostitution in a December 2002 National Security Presidential Directive based on evidence that prostitution is inherently harmful and dehumanizing, and fuels trafficking in persons, a form of modern-day slavery. Prostitution and related activities, including pimping and patronizing or maintain brothels fuel the growth of modern-day slavery by providing a façade behind which traffickers for sexual exploitation operate.
Where prostitution is legalized or tolerated, there is a greater demand for human trafficking. Few activities are as brutal and damaging to people as prostitution. Field research in nine countries concluded that 60-75 percent of women in prostitution were raped, 70-95 percent were physically assaulted, and 68 percent met the criteria for post-traumatic stress disorder in the same range as treatment-seeking combat veterans and victims of state-organized torture. Beyond this shocking abuse, the public health implications of prostitution are devastating and include a myriad of serious and fatal diseases, including HIV/AIDS…
State Attempts to regulate prostitution by introducing medical check-ups or licenses don’t address the core problem: the routine abuse and violence that form the prostitution experience and brutally victimize those caught in its netherworld. Prostitution leaves women and children physical, mentally, emotionally, and spiritually devastated. Recovery takes years, even decades, often, the damage can never be undone.” (4)
It is empirically evident that prostitution is dangerous. This is due to the spread of disease, the psychological damage, the high mortality rate, and the physical violence that accompanies prostitution. Legalization of prostitution does not change its danger. I conclude as the U.S. Government did in 2002…. Whether legal or not, “prostitution is inherently harmful and dehumanizing.” The United States Federal Government should not legalize prostitution.