The Instigator
debataholic090
Con (against)
The Contender
blamonkey
Pro (for)

Should the us have responsibility in aid and resolve conflicts abroad in different countries.

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Voting Style: Open Point System: 7 Point
Started: 12/12/2016 Category: Politics
Updated: 1 year ago Status: Debating Period
Viewed: 475 times Debate No: 97979
Debate Rounds (4)
Comments (2)
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debataholic090

Con

Before i begin my speech i would like to say this speech is for fun and if you make lets say a round mistake its okay its just to start a good debate just to see how my opponent will feel on this problem.
We have our own problems, and no one else is helping us with them.
There are people right here at home that are homeless, poor, starving, unemployed and dying that need help. Since the resources that the government is giving away to other countries is collect by American citizens from American citizens, then it should first be used to help an Americans that may need it. If we help all of our own citizens and get all our problems taken care of, then by all means help other countries that need it. But we need to take care of our own first. Our Foreign Policy states that the government is pushing to maintain U.S. safety and world peace and to maintain a balance of power in the world. What about the balance of power right here in the States? People here are not completely safe, crime rates are outrageous.
We also have a huge amount of debt that needs to be paid back. We are giving out supplies and resources that we just don't have to give. What happens when other countries decide they want their money and they are tired of waiting for it? Who is going to help us when they take action? No one. No one sends us supplies when we have a natural disaster. But they all expect it from us when they need it. You can't buy friends in real life and its time our government learns that they can't buy friends and allies. We need to fix OUR OWN problems before we should even consider taking on someone else's. And even then we should only help if we are asked to help.
blamonkey

Pro

OBV 1

The resolution requires me to explain why the US should have the responsibility to aid foreign countries and resolve conflicts abroad. In other words, I have to prove that the US needs to be involved in foreign affairs and destroy the idea of isolationism, which is the idea that the US should stay completely out of foreign affairs and only act within its own borders. If I prove this, then I fulfill my burden of proof and win the debate. My opponent has to prove the opposite, that the US should not involve itself in foreign politics when relating to aid or other foreign problems not on US soil, and that there are clear benefits to do so.

Framework

As all policy plans, we need to view today’s debate through the idea of utilitarianism, or the greatest amount of good for the greatest amount of people. We need to discard any nativist understanding that US lives are more important than others, that is simply not true. However, I will show that there are unique benefits to being an active player in foreign affairs that would disappear by my opponent’s advocacy. Nevertheless, remember that all lives matter when we are talking about policy initiatives.

C1: Security

By giving up all hegemony in regions where US influence is high already is a dangerous act that will have negative consequences should one affirm the resolution. I offer 2 examples of how US neutrality will damage global security.

A. South China Sea

The Wilson Quarterly in Spring of 2013 refutes the idea of isolationism outright by explaining the possible dangers. For instance, without any presence militarily in China, it can continue to impede on the sovereignty of other nations in its bid to gain control of the South China Sea (1). In fact, with no military presence near China, we can expect high levels of tension that can and will result in naval skirmishes from neighboring countries. The Council of Foreign Relations author Bonnie Glaser in April of 2012 goes further, specifying some of the disputes that led to higher tension in the Asian region. One of them involves the Philippines, where a Presidential spokesperson for the filipino government used the legal precedent of the 1951 Mutual Defense Treaty with the Philippines and US that stated the following to express that the US has an obligation to help:

"Each Party recognizes that an armed attack in the Pacific Area on either of the Parties would be dangerous to its own peace and safety and declares that it would act to meet the common dangers in accordance with its constitutional processes."
By backing down, we lose our already decrepit image of a national superpower and undermines our credibility with other key allies in Asia (2). These alliances are necessary to limit the loss of lie within the international conflict as per my framework. The fact is, with little to no US influence there will be no compromise, and we leave a gap for China to continue its conquest of countries for the sole purpose of oil and energy resources while threatening the sovereignty of other nations like the Philippines. The Council of Foreign Relations continue, explaining that without US influence in the countries in the South China Sea, there would be 1 of 2 results.

I. The countries give into Chinese demands, furthering Chinese interest against the US or;

II. The countries embark in an arms race to protect themselves from China with a gained mistrust with the US. (2)

Neither of these are good for US interests as both increase the likeliness of conflict, hurt our relations with our allies, or strengthen the abusive regime of China. This even harms us economically. Of the $5.2 trillion of trade in the South China Sea, $1.2 trillion is ours (2).Should a conflict occur, regional economies would suffer and the US loses out on trade with developing and developed economies that could benefit both the US and the trade recipient.

B. Middle East

Our presence in the Middle East is an important factor that could help stymie the growth of the Islamic State and push other countries to act in favor of those who are displaced and/or victimized with the Syrian conflict. In the status quo, however, we are neglecting any opportunity to help. Sammer Attar of the Washington Post in October of 2016 talks about the conflict in Aleppo, a key city with a huge population in the Northern part of Syria. Specifically, the barrel bombings on hospitals, schools, and homes resulting in hundreds of injured and killed people. Many of them were children. The US, British, and French forces were greenlighting this in the effort to remain neutral and focus on diplomacy (3). However, as one would probably realize, diplomatic relations are an impossibility at the moment. Reuters in October of 2016 talks of the most recent violation of the many ceasefires that were attempted (4). Inaction is unacceptable. If Russia and Syria are not going to move and there are hundreds of people at stake, then there needs to be an initiative to seal the victory for the US initiative and to build up the broken infrastructure due to the destructive bombing. The stability in the Middle East is also important to the national security of the US. Sebastian and Katharine Gorka of the New York Post in November of 2015 lays out exactly how likely an attack like the one in Paris could happen in the US. The results are startling, as in a 20 month period there was a 300% increase in terrorist arrests in the US (5). Clearly, this type of behavior is indicative of a grasp that ISIS has on the US. This comes in the form of recruitment of naive people on social media. Mary Weaver of the New York Times in April of 2015 goes deeper, explaining that roughly half of ISIS’ fighting force are from foreign countries, roughly 4,000 of them coming from the West (6). If the US wants to protect its domestic security, then fighting ISIS overseas is the best possible way to decrease the strength of the terrorist group. By getting rid of ISIS, we get rid of the threat of any attack from the Islamic State on the US.

In summation, there has to be foreign policy initiatives to support national and global security in both the Middle East and in Asia.

C2: Aid

My opponent’s advocacy implies aid to foreign countries to be worthless to the US. However, this is far from the case. Sean Coughlan reports from the BBC in February of 2014 about a recent study on the funding to Sub-Saharan Africa from the US to counter the HIV problem. The point of the study was to find what effect aid has on the country’s opinion of the US. The results show a positive influence by giving aid and increasing global opinion about a certain nation, especially in the case of Sub Saharan Africa which started to support the US more after the aid was given and shown to be effective. In fact, the study concluded it to be a real foreign policy tool that could be of use in the future (7). Not only are there clear soft power gains for the US, but also economic ones as well. Tom Bussen of University News in April of 2013 explains this, showing that foreign aid increases buyers of US product, which is why 95% of US trading partners were at one time US aid recipients, and why 45% of our aid goes to developing economies (8). Increased exports of US product mean more money in the pocket of US business, but also more US jobs. The Department of Commerce released a statement on March of 2015, commenting on the fact that export jobs account for over 11 million jobs in 2014 (9). These jobs would all disappear without any aid or trade to other countries. Remember, aid is an indicator of future trade with the US, so we should protect the avenue of which companies sell products, and our domestic jobs.

C3: United Nations

This is probably obvious to my opponent, but the US is a part of the international community known as the UN. He/She also understands that by completely withdrawing from all international affairs we would also be withdrawing from the UN. This is a disastrous idea as it means withdrawing from an important platform that allows countries to work multilaterally to achieve a goal. If you want an example, Ted Piccone of the Brookings Institute would gladly suffice. As he reports in April of 2011, great success was made with multilateral agreements with the UN Human Rights Council which, among other things:

I. Started an investigation of human rights violations in Libya

II. A commission was created to look at the recent standoff with someone in political office not standing down after a recent election in Côte d’Ivoire

III. Other mandates to study the use of torture,freedom of expression, and violence against women were all extended for another 3 years (10).

This type of action could not happen without the US leading the diplomatic talks. By withdrawing from the UN this progress could be undone.

Also, it is important to understand exactly why the UN Security Council is so important. Jessica Rettig of the US News and World Report in October of 2009 explains the importance of the UN Security Council as it has been an effective body to ease international tensions with peacekeeping missions. Also, there is an increasing importance that all of the major powers are on the same page at countering international issues that threaten security (11). We lose our opportunity to act multilaterally in a way that can bring a positive outcome. That is why you affirm.

Conclusion

With our security, aid, and involvement in the UN on the line, I must ask that the judge vote in the affirmation to prevent harm coming to the American government and people as well as those in foreign countries who would face adversity by my opponent’s advocacy.

Sources

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7. (http://tinyurl.com...)
8. (http://tinyurl.com...)
9. (http://tinyurl.com...)
10. (http://tinyurl.com...)
11. (http://tinyurl.com...)



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Debate Round No. 4
2 comments have been posted on this debate. Showing 1 through 2 records.
Posted by blamonkey 1 year ago
blamonkey
If you are not going to debate this round, then concede please. Or else this debate gets stuck due to a glitch.
Posted by GrimlyF 1 year ago
GrimlyF
No the U.S. shouldn't be the worlds big brother. The U.S. has no understanding of the wider world and no apparent wish to. The only time Americans go to a non-western country is to kill the inhabitants. The U.S's isolationism stunts it's ability to co-mingle with other, foreign, peoples. The societal and cultural mores of the many immigrants in the U.S. are too different for Americans to understand and they simply don't want to. The U.S. has no history with the nations of the world apart from war. You treat your only bi-cultural, English speaking neighbour with barely disguised contempt simply because they aren't you. America must educate it's young to realise their are other ways to live than theirs. Then the U.S. can be instrumental in making the world a better place.
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