The Instigator
JacobWofford
Pro (for)
Tied
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The Contender
TheBaddestKay
Con (against)
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Stem Cell Use

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Voting Style: Open Point System: 7 Point
Started: 4/10/2014 Category: Science
Updated: 3 years ago Status: Post Voting Period
Viewed: 938 times Debate No: 52081
Debate Rounds (5)
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JacobWofford

Pro

Stem cells are good for many medical discoveries, of which benefit people more than ordinary medicine. According to Ian Murnaghan, stem cells can be useful in serious cases of injury or defect, such as Parkinson's disease, type 1 diabetes, arthritis, burn victims, and cardiovascular diseases. In a sense, stem cells reverse the effects of these diseases by being available for use if and when they are needed. According to Murnaghan, stem cells can be the solution to helping the pharmaceutical field, by introducing new "drugs". Stem cells will benefit medical facilities and organizations.
TheBaddestKay

Con

As cancer connect states Using stem cells include radiation and chemotherapy which can cause long term effects such as cataracts which causes the lens of the eyes to become cloudy and blur vision. Or Infertility which means someone cannot have a baby and can also result to new cancers called secondary cancers. Stem cell transplants also weakens the immune system making someone more venerable to infection, the stem cell may even start to attack the host because it does not recognize it, and this is called graft-versus-disease. Cancer.net explains how other effects such as fatigue, mouth sores, and loss of hair, low blood count, rash, nausea and vomiting are common after stem cell use. In fact 4years after a boy went through stem cell therapy he developed abnormal growth in his brain and spinal cord, being operated on and removed doctors noticed it looked like a giloneuronal tumor. Discovering further they discovered the tumor could not have stemmed from his own tissue and was in fact from the stem cell therapy. So you think possible new cancers and harsh side effects are worth it?
Debate Round No. 1
JacobWofford

Pro

Although Cancer Connect states that it is wrong to use chemotherapy and radiation, they do not have a point to argue against stem cells, due to the fact that the very way we try to cure cancer without stem cells is by radiation and chemotherapy. Every medical treatment has side effects that could or could not be harmful to the host. Cancer.net only describes one boy"s story, while overlooking the other thousands of people who get stem cells implanted. Although there may be some effects that cause people to be harmed or just minor pain, you have to look at all the good that can be done due to stem cells. According to Jim Cohan, there is an infinite possibility of curing diseases and injuries when stem cells are used. According to Jim Cohan, the main reason why people are living longer, healthier lives is due to the very fact that stem cells are being used for treatment. Has there been any other type of medical discovery that can cure spinal cords, heart attacks, burns, or cardiovascular diseases. There may be a few that can cure some of these symptoms, but they cannot cure all of them like stem cells can.
TheBaddestKay

Con

Actually three are many unanswered questions involving stem cells and many risk. Depending on type of blood disorder, type of transplant, age and health of a person can cause fatal results, and complications that require treatment or hospitalization and can be life threatening. The older an adult stem cell is increases the chance of genetic damage caused by the host. OnlineWellnesscommunity also explains how animal model success rate has been low. Chem445stemcell explains how there"s has been at LEAST two cases of developed leukemia after stem cell process. It also explains how effects caused by stem cell transplants are not curable and are permanent. In fact in a number of studies patients have noticed objects growing where they are not intended.
Debate Round No. 2
JacobWofford

Pro

As stated before, there are always other implications that can cause these types of occurrences not only with stem cells, but as well as many other types of medical procedures such as blood transfusions or any type of body surgeries or procedures, therefor nobody could make the assumption that it is only stem cells that cause these things to occur. Stem cells are just as safe if not safer than any other type of medicine. CNN states, when a person goes through the process of stem cell research/therapy, they are checked up on constantly, to ensure the least if any complications or injuries. CNN states, after 2005, they had found a way to take an embryotic stem cell out of the embryo without it being destroyed or harmed. Stem cells are also safe, due to the fact that they are tested on animals who have similar defects, to make sure that they are safe for use. The animals are not affected negatively, so the stem cells are proven to be safe for human use. Stem cells are one of the safest medicines.
TheBaddestKay

Con

like you said animals can share the same defects as humans as my other argument stated the success rate in using stem cells in animals have been extremely low. not only with risk many are worried about ethical issues. stem cell research explains how if embryos are not used for stem cell production it will be disgarded which is like killing an human egg. Even if the embryo is used in the stem cell process it creates a non natural baby which can cause a great amount of siblings who are strung out and unaware of each other. many see this as an "act against god" or messing with human life.
Debate Round No. 3
JacobWofford

Pro

There are always moral/ethical issues no matter what type of surgery or procedure. Overall, the person who is going to have this procedure done has the procedure done. There is a waiver that the patient is forced to sign if they wish to have stem cell research performed in their presence. This eliminates the moral or ethical issues on the doctors who are performing the procedure. The doctors do not just take a patient and do stem cell research on them. Not only is a waiver signed, but the patient is under confidentiality so that they are not getting into problems with people about moral issues. Stem cells are also used for other types of research that have moral or ethical issues, so it is not just stem cells that have these types of issues. Stem cells are not the only procedures that have moral or ethical issues.
TheBaddestKay

Con

if they have to sign a waver obviously the procedure is dangerous. the distruction of the embryo is the distruction of a human life, and that human life is entitled against this abuse. this fetus will become a baby and stem cell use will end there chance to live . which many people feel uncomfortuable doing.
Debate Round No. 4
JacobWofford

Pro

As you stated, stem cell research is dangerous. Most stem cell research is safe, but requires the waiver, in case of any difficulties. The waiver for stem cells is just like a waiver for normal organ transplants or other types of simple surgeries. Stem cells are a good thing for medical groups and industries. According to the California Institute of Regenerative Medicine, stem cells dramatically improve the ability for drug companies to screen side effects of new and improved drugs earlier in their development process. The California institute of Regenerative Medicine also states that, stem cells have furthered scientists" knowledge of cancer and other diseases when cells from a cancer patient is taken and combined with stem cells to test stages of cancer or disease. Stem cells help determine certain types of affects due to the cancer and better demonstrate how to cure these types of occurrences. Not only do stem cells help with cancer and other diseases, but the California Institute of Regenerative Medicine states, that stem cells can address infertility by developing into egg cells or sperm cells just so that they could be combined and tested for fertilization.
TheBaddestKay

Con

However, even the government says that it violated a 1987 law prohibiting the use of taxpayer money for any research in which a human embryo is destroyed. because the people were against it according to gallop. com the rate of disapproving stem cell use is increasing. As the hasting center also explains For others, who see great promise in what stem cells might do to cure illnesses such as Alzheimer"s disease and Parkinson"s disease, it is immoral not to move forward with such research. is it worth killing human life and allowing your tax pay to go into scientist doing so?
Debate Round No. 5
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