The Instigator
redsoxfreak010
Con (against)
Winning
14 Points
The Contender
MewxVenus
Pro (for)
Losing
12 Points

That, by 2040, the federal government should mandate that all new passenger vehicles and light truck

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Post Voting Period
The voting period for this debate has ended.
after 4 votes the winner is...
redsoxfreak010
Voting Style: Open Point System: 7 Point
Started: 1/29/2009 Category: Science
Updated: 7 years ago Status: Post Voting Period
Viewed: 1,490 times Debate No: 6687
Debate Rounds (2)
Comments (7)
Votes (4)

 

redsoxfreak010

Con

With our pending energy crisis, the American people are asking for the best possible solution. The people have come to see the government as the very institution that will save them from this impending doom. We must look past this myth and realize how ineffective the government is in creating mandates dealing with alternative fuels. My partner and I believe the government is ineffectual, which is why we negate the following resolution:
Resolved: That, by 2040, the federal government should mandate that all new passenger vehicles and light trucks sold in the United States be powered by alternative fuels.
Contention 1
First, Mandates harm the environment. In 2008 congress issued a mandate to create more ethanol by 2022. However, higher food prices caused in large part by food-to-fuel mandates create incentives for global deforestation, including in the Amazon basin. As Time magazine reported this month, huge swaths of forest are being cleared for agricultural development. Basically, we have to produce more corn to keep up with the mandate. The only problem is that Brazil has to keep with our production because we are both in a world market. Since Brazil has no room to farm, they are forced to cut down the rainforest's. As a recent World Bank report put it, "Farmers are destroying a $10,000 asset to create one worth $200."
Contention 2
Second, Mandates will distort the market. The auto industry does not see the government as a reliable intervention. On April 11, 2007, the Bush Administration announced a new mandate that require motorists to use at least 4.7 billion gallons of alternative fuel-such as corn-derived ethanol-ramping up to mandate the use of 7.5 billion gallons annually by 2012. The auto industry, however, has filed three suits to block them. If car companies needed mandates for motivation than they would not have filed suits. mandates are wasting time and money. According to Autonews.com, a website that publishes daily articles on automotive news, a mandate on alternative fuels for passenger vehicles and light trucks would not only discourage the research and development of other promising technologies, it would also apply scarce resources on technology that won't be used if fuel isn't widely available and potentially conflict with other regulations that have already been put in place by some states. The truth is, mandates distort markets and result in stifled competition and innovation.
Contention 3
The free-market is the best way to solve for this resolution. The free market is an economic system in which prices and wages are determined by unrestricted competition between businesses, without government regulation. Most alternative fuel vehicles are the product of the free market. State competition can offer significant immediate benefits, most importantly providing cash and cache to green business and alternative energy projects. Those with the resources to understand the different programs can aggregate benefits by moving to the most financially advantageous location. For example, auto manufacturers agreed to tightened Corporate Average Fuel Economy standards because of free-market advances that are naturally leading to higher miles-per-gallon vehicles. In 2009 Detroit held an auto show. 5 out of 8 had flex-fuel models that would come out in the next year.
We as Americans must overcome the false fear of the free market and come to see that government mandates are truly limiting forces when it come to inspiring the innovation, research, and development we need. Thank you
MewxVenus

Pro

I would first like to point out that my opponents arguments are invalid as they only attacked the term "mandate". The government mandating this resolution will help the environment, seeing as alternative fuel powered vehicles are proven to help the environment due to the fact that they release fewer polutents. He never even defined mandate (which shall now be defined as a direct order to do something)

And now on with my case.

America's oil supply is becoming increasingly valued and needed every day. America relies largely on foreign countries for oil and other necessities. If we don't do something about the dwindling oil supplies soon we could come to a point where we don't have enough gasoline to power our cars. This is why the switch to alternative fuels is not only an option it is a necessity. As of right now it is estimated that we have enough oil to last us only until the year 2030.

Thus I must agree with the resolution that by 2040, the federal government should mandate that all new passenger vehicles and light trucks sold in the United States be powered by alternative fuels.

There are two main reasons we should convert to alternative fuels: Air Pollution and Oil Dependence.

The need to reduce reliance on fossil fuels is an urgent one. Steam replaced the horse, and gasoline replaced steam, and the switch to alternative fuels is clearly next in line in this succession. Please don't be deceived into believing that alternatively-powered cars have to be small, slow and as dull. There are quite a few vehicles that already are powered by alternative methods such as the Telsa Roadster which is powered electrically, the Honda FCX Clarity which is run on hydrogen, or the RUF Porsche 911 which is also run electrically. There are already many vehicles in production that are run by alternative fuels. These vehicles are helping our environment.

Contention 1: Oil Dependence:
The United States has 4 percent of the world's population and uses almost a quarter of its oil. Our economic engine is now 70 percent dependent on the energy resources of other countries, their good judgment, and most importantly, their good will toward us. So basically if we anger the countries we depend on then the United States will be cut off from its oil supply. If that happens and we don't have alternative fuel run cars the results would be disastrous.
Plus, The scientific concenses concludes that Peak oil will happen soon. Peak oil is the point in time when the maximum rate of global petroleum extraction is reached, after which the rate of production enters terminal decline according to dictionary.com. We all know that oil is not infinite, it will run out one day (most conclude it will peak on the year 2010) When this happens, our economy that is 70 percent dependent on oil, will be immediately shot resulting in an economic collapse.
Katherine A. Siggerud says, "Efforts to reduce oil consumption will need to include the transportation sector because transportation in the United States currently accounts for 68 percent of the nation's oil consumption".
It is easy to see that our oil dependency threatens our economy greatly. Rising demand and shrinking domestic production of oil means that America is importing more and more oil each year—most from the worlds most unfriendly and unstable regions. We are spending more than $13 million per hour on foreign oil and more than $25 billion a year on Persian Gulf imports alone. The answer is simple; end this oil dependency by switching to alternative fuels. When we can do that we can have a stronger, more independent economy. Right now our economy is tied up on something that will run out someday, and that day is too soon for comfort.
According to Senator Richard Lugar, large industrializing nations such as China and India are seeking new energy supplies, so oil and natural gas will become more expensive. In the long run we will face the prospect that the world's supply of oil may not be abundant and accessible enough to support continued economic growth in both the industrialized West and in large rapidly growing economies. As we approach the point where the world's oil-hungry economies are competing for insufficient supplies of energy, oil will become an even stronger magnet for conflict

Contention 2: Air Pollution
According to Naturalgas.org Global warming, or the 'greenhouse effect' is an environmental issue that deals with the potential for global climate change due to increased levels of atmospheric or 'greenhouse gases'. There are certain gases in our atmosphere that serve to regulate the amount of heat that is kept close to the Earth's surface. Scientists theorize that an increase in these greenhouse gases will translate into increased temperatures around the globe, which would result in many disastrous environmental effects. In fact, the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) predicts in its 'Third Assessment Report' released in February 2001 that over the next 100 years, global average temperatures will rise by between 2.4 and 10.4 degrees Fahrenheit.
The principle greenhouse gases include water vapor, carbon dioxide, methane, nitrogen oxides, and some engineered chemicals such as cholorofluorocarbons. While most of these gases occur in the atmosphere naturally, levels have been increasing due to the widespread burning of fossil fuels by growing human populations. The reduction of greenhouse gas emissions has become a primary focus of environmental programs in countries around the world. Switching to alternative fuel powered vehicles will cut back on the emissions of greenhouse gases a great deal since the fuel they are powered by at this moment is one of the main contributors to the increase of greenhouse gases in the environment.

Contention 3: Longer Vehicle Life
According to ezalternativefuelvehicles.com The use of alternative fuels can extend the operation life of a vehicle. The process of corrosion and build-up will slow down if your car is running on cleaner fuel. Vehicles using alternative fuels will operate more efficiently and will have fewer maintenance problems and will ultimately save people money on maintenance costs. The Telsa Roadster, an alternatively powered vehicle, has a motor with just one moving part, the rotor, when in comparison the typical four-cylinder engine of a conventional car consists of over a hundred moving parts. When the engine consists of fewer parts the car becomes significantly lighter and its parts wear down much slower.

Contention 4: Health
Motor Vehicles in America have become such a huge issue due to the amount of pollution they emit. Areas where there are enormous amounts of people, such as Los Angeles and New York, are having major issues with health due to the pollution. The lung capacity of children growing up in Los Angeles is 10% to 15% less than that of the children growing up in cities with cleaner air. Alternative fuels can make gigantic and immediate improvements. The pollution caused by motor vehicles is also known to cause asthma. According to CNN.com 17 million people suffer from asthma right now and if we cut back on the pollution by switching to alternative fuels we could reduce the number of people with this horrid disease.
Debate Round No. 1
redsoxfreak010

Con

redsoxfreak010 forfeited this round.
MewxVenus

Pro

As my oponent has chosen to forfeit the second round, I urge you to vote pro.

Thank you voters, and thank you to my oponent for this debate.
Debate Round No. 2
7 comments have been posted on this debate. Showing 1 through 7 records.
Posted by jimjamesalex 7 years ago
jimjamesalex
lol ;)
Posted by MewxVenus 7 years ago
MewxVenus
Ugh. Unbelievable. I lost and the guy didn't even post a rebuttal.
Posted by MewxVenus 7 years ago
MewxVenus
Bahaha It's all good :)
Posted by jimjamesalex 7 years ago
jimjamesalex
O Sry;)
Posted by MewxVenus 7 years ago
MewxVenus
:( I'm a giiiiiiirl! lol
Posted by jimjamesalex 7 years ago
jimjamesalex
Hey redsoxfreak010 I am debateing this guy to if you want to see ours im doing the same thing as you are doing.
Posted by SportsGuru 7 years ago
SportsGuru
Is this intended to be PF style debate?
4 votes have been placed for this debate. Showing 1 through 4 records.
Vote Placed by zach12 7 years ago
zach12
redsoxfreak010MewxVenusTied
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Vote Placed by redsoxfreak010 7 years ago
redsoxfreak010
redsoxfreak010MewxVenusTied
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Vote Placed by jimjamesalex 7 years ago
jimjamesalex
redsoxfreak010MewxVenusTied
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Vote Placed by MewxVenus 7 years ago
MewxVenus
redsoxfreak010MewxVenusTied
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Total points awarded:05