The Instigator
marquezm4
Pro (for)
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The Contender
iwolsten
Con (against)
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0 Points

The Banking Concept of Education is Oppressive..

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Voting Style: Open Point System: 7 Point
Started: 4/4/2013 Category: Philosophy
Updated: 4 years ago Status: Post Voting Period
Viewed: 994 times Debate No: 32098
Debate Rounds (3)
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marquezm4

Pro

Oppression can be defined as the exercise of authority or power in a burdensome, cruel, or unjust manner. In the case of education, a teacher should not be looked upon as a tyrant or person of extreme power or authority. With the Banking Concept of Education, students are basically powerless and are faced with a teacher or in this case, emotionless character of knowledge who's responsible for forcing information into students brains for the purpose of regurgitating on command. By doing so, students are deprived of the chance to look and analyze information they are given in detail and are denied the opportunity to apply the information into real life situations and seeing how the information functions within society.
A strong enemy of the Banking System of Education is Paolo Freire, who fights for the idea problem-posing education in order to ignite students critical thinking. Freire states, "Whereas banking education anesthetizes and inhibits creative power, problem-posing education involves a constant unveiling of reality. The former attempts to maintain the submersion of consciousness; the latter strives for the emergence of consciousness and critical intervention in reality."
iwolsten

Con

You previously said, "students are basically powerless" which in some cases could prove true. However, this has nothing to do with the banking concept, instead, it has to do with the teacher and the way they choose to do their job. Without the banking concept of education, students will be subject to favoritism and special treatment which, in some cases could be beneficial. But, this will overall cause inequality in the classrooms and causes oppression to occur for the students who perhaps do not receive equal treatment from their teachers. Hirsch once stated, "It is the background information, stored in their minds, that enables them to take up a newspaper and read it with an adequate level of comprehension, getting the point, grasping the implications..."(1.3) This explains that the teachers simply provide a series of information that every person should know. The banking concept is the only way to achieve full equality in schools and is in fact not oppressive because the teachers are simply providing things that every person should know.
Debate Round No. 1
marquezm4

Pro

"Without the banking concept of education, students will be subject to favoritism and special treatment" that was a brief excerpt from your last statement. Is it not true that not matter what the teaching style, teachers are bound to pick favorites? Human emotion is a factor in any subject area, especially teaching, allowing for favoritism, therefore your argument is invalid and favoritism and special treatment are a possibility in any educational system.

The real focus here should be that students are not stimulated in the sense of comprehension and critical thinking of material. In the Banking Concept of Education as stated by Freire, "The teacher talks about reality as if it were motionless, static, compartmentalized, and predictable. Or else he expounds on a topic completely alien to the existential experience of the students. His task is to "fill" the students with the contents of his narration-contents which are detached from reality, disconnected from the totality that engendered them and could give them significance. Words are emptied of their concreteness and become a hollow, alienated, and alienating verbosity." Therefore, students learn information but do not know how to use it or apply it.
iwolsten

Con

Although you say "The real focus here should be that students are not stimulated in the sense of comprehension and critical thinking of material." that is unfortunately, not the point of this debate. I am simply arguing that the banking concept of education is not oppressive to the students because of the equality it promotes. Hirsch goes on to say that, "Our children can learn this information only by being taught it. Shared literate information is deliberately sustained by national systems of education in many countries because they recognize the importance of giving their children a common basis for communication."(6.2) Each student needs common ground to learn from. If there is not common knowledge between the students, they will not be able to relate to each other and it will potentially have an effect on their social skills. It is best that they are taught the same things at the same time so that they are able to learn together. A huge portion of the school experience is relating to your peers and this could be lost without the banking concept of education.
Debate Round No. 2
marquezm4

Pro

You stated, "A huge portion of the school experience is relating to your peers and this could be lost without the banking concept of education." How can you relate to your peers who know the same things you do yet neither one of you understand them. When one things of social relations, it is not in the fact that you both know that 2+2=4 but yet why does 2+2=4, where does the 4 come from, how did you get from 2 to now having 4. The essential thing with information is not only knowing it, but knowing how to apply it. The Banking Concept of Education DOES teach students similar bits of information, but does not allow for students to understand what that information means and how they can use it. They are oppressed in the sense that they are not able to allow for appliance of the information and the ability to ask questions and express themselves and/or views on bits of information. Rather, they are told to sit down, listen and do not speak. How is a student who does not understand something going to understand it if they are not able to ask questions and create a correlation between the classroom and the real world. This type of educational system does not allow students to call upon the vast functions of their brain such as social communication, interpretation of material, application of material and comprehension of material, thus proving the Banking System of Education to be oppressive to the mind of the student.
iwolsten

Con

You previously asked, "How is a student who does not understand something going to understand it if they are not able to ask questions and create a correlation between the classroom and the real world?" In the banking concept of education, they simply memorize common information that is used as "background" information. After they understand and memorize this info they are usually able to relate it to the real world situations they are in. Whether or not you agree with this concept of education, it is not oppressive. To label it as such is simply stubborn because we have not experienced it. How could the demonstration of equality in the classroom be called oppression, this is impossible. The point of the banking concept is not to oppress the student but to teach them. The only difference here is that they are being taught the same information at the same pace.
Debate Round No. 3
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